Larry Page

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For the British singer and manager, see Larry Page (singer and manager).
Larry Page
Larry Page in the European Parliament, 17.06.2009.jpg
Larry Page speaking at the European Parliament on June 17, 2009
Born Lawrence Page
(1973-03-26) March 26, 1973 (age 41)
East Lansing, Michigan, U.S.A
Residence Palo Alto, California[1]
Nationality American
Alma mater University of Michigan (B.S.)
Stanford University (M.S.)
Occupation Computer scientist, Internet entrepreneur
Known for Co-founder and CEO of Google Inc.
Net worth IncreaseUS$ 29.8 billion (Jan.2015)[2]
Title CEO of Google
Spouse(s) Lucinda Southworth (m. 2007)
Children 2
Signature Larry Page
Website
Google.com — Larry Page

Lawrence "Larry" Page[3] (born March 26, 1973) is an American computer scientist and internet entrepreneur who is the CEO and co-founder of Google, alongside Sergey Brin. Page was CEO of Google from the companys founding in 1998 until 2001. Between 2001 and 2011, Page was President of Products at Google.[4]

He is a board member of the X Prize Foundation and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2004.[5] Page received the Marconi Prize in 2004. Page is the inventor of PageRank, the foundation of Google's search ranking algorithm.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Page was born in East Lansing, Michigan, United States.[7] His father, Carl Vincent Page, Sr., earned a Ph.D. in computer science in 1965—when the field was being established—and is considered a "pioneer in computer science and artificial intelligence". He was a computer science professor at Michigan State University and Page's mother, Gloria, was an instructor in computer programming at Lyman Briggs College at Michigan State University.[8][9][10] Page's mother is Jewish, and he was raised without religion.[11]

During an interview, Page recalled his childhood, noting that his house "was usually a mess, with computers, science/technology magazines and Popular Science magazines all over the place", an environment in which he immersed himself. His attraction to computers started when he was 6 years old when he got to "play with the stuff lying around"(i.e. first-generation personal computers).[12] He became the "first kid in his elementary school to turn in an assignment from a word processor".[13] His older brother also taught him to take things apart and before long he was taking "everything in his house apart to see how it worked". He said that "from a very early age, I also realized I wanted to invent things. So I became really interested in technology and business. Probably from when I was 12, I knew I was going to start a company eventually."[13]

Page attended the Okemos Montessori School (now called Montessori Radmoor) in Okemos, Michigan, from 1975 to 1979, and graduated from East Lansing High School in 1991. He holds a Bachelor of Science in computer engineering from the University of Michigan with honors and a Master of Science in computer science from Stanford University.[14] While at the University of Michigan, Page created an inkjet printer made of Lego bricks (literally a line plotter), seeing the possibility to print large posters cheaply using inkjet cartridges, Page reverse-engineered the cartridge, and built all the electronics and mechanics to drive it.[15] Page served as the president of the Beta Epsilon chapter of Eta Kappa Nu,[16] and was a member of the 1993 "Maize & Blue" University of Michigan Solar Car team.[17] As an undergrad at the University of Michigan, he’d proposed that the school replace its bus system with something he called a PRT, or personal rapid transit system — essentially a driverless monorail with separate cars for every rider.[18]

Ph.D. studies and research[edit]

After enrolling in a computer science Ph.D. program at Stanford University, Page was in search of a dissertation theme and considered exploring the mathematical properties of the World Wide Web, understanding its link structure as a huge graph, his supervisor, Terry Winograd, encouraged him to pursue this idea, which Page later recalled as the best advice he ever got.[19] He also considered doing research on telepresence and automated cars during this time.[20][21][22] Page then focused on the problem of finding out which web pages link to a given page, considering the number and nature of such backlinks to be valuable information about that page, with the role of citations in academic publishing in mind.[22] In his research project, nicknamed "BackRub", he was soon joined by Sergey Brin, a fellow Stanford Ph.D. student.[22] Together, the pair authored a paper titled "The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine", which became one of the most downloaded scientific documents in the history of the internet at the time.[23][24]

John Battelle, co-founder of Wired magazine, wrote that Page had reasoned that the

entire Web was loosely based on the premise of citation – after all, what is a link but a citation? If he could devise a method to count and qualify each backlink on the Web, as Page puts it "the Web would become a more valuable place".[22]

Battelle further described how Page and Brin began working together on the project:

At the time Page conceived of BackRub, the Web comprised an estimated 10 million documents, with an untold number of links between them. The computing resources required to crawl such a beast were well beyond the usual bounds of a student project. Unaware of exactly what he was getting into, Page began building out his crawler. The idea's complexity and scale lured Brin to the job. A polymath who had jumped from project to project without settling on a thesis topic, he found the premise behind BackRub fascinating. "I talked to lots of research groups" around the school, Brin recalls, "and this was the most exciting project, both because it tackled the Web, which represents human knowledge, and because I liked Larry."[22]

Search engine development[edit]

To convert the backlink data gathered by BackRub's web crawler into a measure of importance for a given web page, Brin and Page developed the PageRank algorithm, and realized that it could be used to build a search engine far superior to existing ones.[22] It relied on a new kind of technology that analyzed the relevance of the back links that connected one Web page to another.[25]

Combining their ideas, they began utilizing Page's dorm room as a machine lab, fashioning a computational Frankenstein from spare parts such as inexpensive computers, they jacked the nascent search engine into Stanford's broadband campus network.[26] After filling Page's room with equipment, they converted Brin's dorm room into an office and programming center, and tested their new search engine designs on the web. Their project grew quickly enough to cause problems for Stanford's computing infrastructure.[27] It soon caught on with other Stanford users when Page and Brin let them try it out. They set up a simple search page for users, because they did not have a web page developer to create anything very visually elaborate. They also began stringing together the necessary computing power to handle searches by multiple users, by using any computer part they could find. As their search engine grew in popularity among Stanford users, it needed more and more servers to process the queries.[28] In August 1996, the initial version of Google was made available, still on the Stanford University Web site.[22]

BackRub already served the rudimentary functions of a search engine - query input was delivered to it, and it provided a list of backlinks ranked by importance. "We realized that we had a querying tool," Page recalls. "It gave you a good overall ranking of pages and ordering of follow-up pages."[29] In mid-1998 they finally realized the further potential of their project. "Pretty soon, we had 10,000 searches a day," Page had recalled. "And we figured, maybe this is really real."[30]

Impact of the google search engine[edit]

Others have compared their vision to the impact of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of modern printing:

In 1440, Johannes Gutenberg introduced Europe to the mechanical printing press, printing Bibles for mass consumption. The technology allowed for books and manuscripts – originally replicated by hand – to be printed at a much faster rate, thus spreading knowledge and helping to usher in the European Renaissance ... Google has done a similar job.[31]

The comparison was likewise noted by the authors of The Google Story: "Not since Gutenberg ... has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google."[32] Also, not long after the two "cooked up their new engine for web searches, they began thinking about information that was at the time beyond the web", such as digitizing books, and expanding health information.[33]

Google[edit]

Main articles: Google and History of Google

1998-2001[edit]

Mark Malseed wrote, "Soliciting funds from faculty members, family and friends, Brin and Page scraped together enough to buy some servers and rent that famous garage in Menlo Park. ... [soon after], Sun Microsystems co-founder Andy Bechtolsheim wrote a $100,000 check to 'Google, Inc.' The only problem was, 'Google, Inc.' did not yet exist—the company hadn't yet been incorporated. For two weeks, as they handled the paperwork, the young men had nowhere to deposit the money."[34]

In 1998, Brin and Page founded Google, Inc.[35] Its initial domain name was ‘Googol’ which was derived from a number that is one followed by hundred zeros. This represented the vast amount of data that the search engine was intended to explore. They stated their mission as ‘to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful’.[36] By June of 2000, Google had indexed one billion Internet URLs, or Uniform Resource Locators. Reaching the one-billion mark made Google the most comprehensive search engine on the Web at the time.[37] Google has been described as "the most influential company of the digital era".[38]

2001-2011[edit]

In their first years in business, Brin served as president, while Page was the chief executive officer until they hired Eric Schmidt as Chairman and CEO of Google in 2001.[39] In January 2011 Google announced that Page would replace Schmidt as CEO in April the same year.[40] On April 4, 2011, Page officially became the chief executive of Google, while Schmidt stepped down to become executive chairman of Google. Page also sits on the Board of Directors of Google.[41]

2011-present[edit]

After Page took over as Googles CEO for the second time in 2011, as part of his reorganization, Page gave his new leadership team more autonomy, though, he demanded more collaboration, integration, and unity among Google's products. Googles products and applications also underwent an aesthetic overhaul during this period.[42][43] Page has been quoted as saying that Google "should be building great things that don’t exist", and Page has also been a proponent of "10x" thinking as it applies to Googles efforts in the various fields of computing and technology.[44][45]

Other interests[edit]

At the question-and-answer section of the 2013 Google I/O keynote talk, Larry Page expressed an interest in Burning Man.[46] Page is an investor in Tesla Motors.[47] He has invested in renewable energy technology, and with the help of Google.org, Google's philanthropic arm, promotes the adoption of plug-in hybrid electric cars[clarification needed] and other alternative energy investments.[13]

Page is also interested in the socio-economic effects of advanced intelligent systems and how advanced digital technologies can be used to create abundance (as described in Peter Diamandis' book), provide for people's needs, shorten the workweek, and mitigate the potential detrimental effects of technological unemployment.[48][49]

Personal life[edit]

In 2007, Page married Lucinda Southworth on Necker Island, the Caribbean island owned by businessman Richard Branson.[50] Southworth is a research scientist, and the sister of actress and model Carrie Southworth.[51] Page and Southworth have two children, born in 2009 and 2011.[52][53]

In 2011, Page became the owner of the 193-ft superyacht 'Senses', 'Senses' comes equipped with a helipad, gym, multi-level sun decks, ten luxury suites, a crew of 14 and interior design by famed French designer Philippe Starck.[54] 'Senses' also has extensive ocean exploration capabilities, the superyacht was created to explore the world’s oceans in comfort and it carries a very comprehensive inventory of equipment for that purpose.[55]

Page announced on his Google+ profile in May 2013 that his right vocal cord is paralyzed from a cold that he contracted the previous summer, while his left cord was paralyzed in 1999.[56] Page explained that he has been suffering from a vocal cord issue for 14 years and, as of his May 2013 post, doctors were still unable to identify the exact cause of the problem. The Google+ post also revealed that Page had donated a considerable sum of money to a vocal cord nerve function research program at the Voice Health Institute in Boston, U.S. An anonymous source has stated that the donation exceeds $20 million.[57] In October 2013, Business Insider reported that Page's paralyzed vocal cords are caused by an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto's thyroiditis and he would not be doing Google quarterly earnings conference calls for a while.[58]

At a March 2014 TED conference, Page explained that corporations largely get a "bad rap", which he stated was because they were probably doing the same incremental things they were doing "50 or 20 years ago". He went on to juxtapose that kind of incremental approach to his vision of Google counteracting calcification through driving technology innovation at a high rate. Page mentioned Elon Musk and SpaceX:

"He [Musk] wants to go to Mars to back up humanity. That’s a worthy goal. We have a lot of employees at Google who’ve become pretty wealthy. You’re working because you want to change the world and make it better... I’d like for us to help out more than we are."[59]

Awards and recognition[edit]

1998-2005[edit]

PC Magazine has praised Google as among the Top 100 Web Sites and Search Engines (1998) and awarded Google the Technical Excellence Award for Innovation in Web Application Development in 1999. In 2000, Google earned a Webby Award, a People's Voice Award for technical achievement, and in 2001, was awarded Outstanding Search Service, Best Image Search Engine, Best Design, Most Webmaster Friendly Search Engine, and Best Search Feature at the Search Engine Watch Awards."[60] In 2002, Page was named a World Economic Forum Global Leader for Tomorrow[61] and along with Sergey Brin, was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100, as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[62]

In 2003, Page, along with Brin, received an honorary MBA from IE Business School "for embodying the entrepreneurial spirit and lending momentum to the creation of new businesses."[63] In 2004, they received the Marconi Foundation Prize and were elected Fellows of the Marconi Foundation at Columbia University. In announcing their selection, John Jay Iselin, the Foundation's president, congratulated the two men for "their invention that has fundamentally changed the way information is retrieved today."[64]In 2004, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.[61] Also that year, Page and Brin were named "Persons of the Week" by ABC World News Tonight. In 2004 the X PRIZE chose Page as a trustee for their board.[65]In 2005, Brin and Page were elected Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[66]

2005-present[edit]

In 2009, Page received an honorary doctorate from the University of Michigan during graduation commencement ceremonies.[67]In 2011, he was ranked 24th on the Forbes list of billionaires and as the 11th richest person in the United States.[1]As of July 2014, the Bloomberg Billionaires Index lists Page as the 17th richest man in the world with an estimated net worth of US$32.7 billion.[68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Forbes (2014). "Larry Page". Forbes. Retrieved March 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/larry-page/
  3. ^ Larry Page (1999). "Lawrence or Larry Page's Page". Stanford Web Site. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  4. ^ http://www.google.com/about/company/facts/management/
  5. ^ http://www.google.com/about/company/facts/management/
  6. ^ "Larry Page and Sergey Brin Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Advameg, Inc. 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Sergey Brin; Lawrence Page (1998). "The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine". Stanford University. Stanford University. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/pag0bio-1
  9. ^ Will Smale (30 April 2004). "Profile: The Google founders". BBC News. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Alumni newsletter". p. 2. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Mark Malseed (February 2007). "The Story of Sergey Brin". Moment. Moment Magazine. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/pag0bio-1
  13. ^ a b c Scott, Virginia. Google: Corporations That Changed the World, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008.[page needed]
  14. ^ Lowe, Janet (2009). Google speaks: secrets of the world's greatest billionaire entrepreneurs, Sergey Brin and Larry Page. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470398548. 
  15. ^ http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/pag0int-1
  16. ^ "HKN College Chapter Directory". Eta Kappa Nu. Retrieved September 5, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Larry Page". americarichest.com. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.businessinsider.com/larry-page-the-untold-story-2014-4?page=2&IR=T
  19. ^ The best advice I ever got, Fortune, April 2008.
  20. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUNqsYUVPQY
  21. ^ Brin, S.; Page, L. (1998). "The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual Web search engine". Computer Networks and ISDN Systems 30: 107–117. doi:10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00110-X. ISSN 0169-7552.  edit
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Battelle, John. "The Birth of Google", Wired Magazine, August 2005.
  23. ^ http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/pag0bio-1
  24. ^ Brin, S.; Page, L. (1998). "The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual Web search engine". Computer Networks and ISDN Systems 30: 107–117. doi:10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00110-X. ISSN 0169-7552.  edit
  25. ^ Moschovitis Group. The Internet: A Historical Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2005.
  26. ^ http://archive.wired.com/wired/archive/13.08/battelle.html?pg=2&topic=battelle&topic_set=
  27. ^ http://www.economist.com/node/12673407
  28. ^ http://www.notablebiographies.com/news/Ow-Sh/Page-Larry-and-Brin-Sergey.html
  29. ^ http://archive.wired.com/wired/archive/13.08/battelle.html?pg=2&topic=battelle&topic_set=
  30. ^ http://www.economist.com/node/12673407
  31. ^ "Google the Gutenberg". Information Technology. October 1, 2009
  32. ^ Vise, David, and Malseed, Mark. The Google Story, Delta Publ. (2006)
  33. ^ "Enlightenment Man". The Economist. December 6, 2008. 
  34. ^ Malseed, Mark (February 2007). "The Story of Sergey Brin". Moment Magazine. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. 
  35. ^ "Larry Page Profile". Google. 
  36. ^ http://www.famous-entrepreneurs.com/larry-page
  37. ^ http://www.notablebiographies.com/news/Ow-Sh/Page-Larry-and-Brin-Sergey.html
  38. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/larry-page/
  39. ^ http://www.notablebiographies.com/news/Ow-Sh/Page-Larry-and-Brin-Sergey.html
  40. ^ Efrati, Amir (January 21, 2011). "Google's Page to Replace Schmidt as CEO". The Wall Street Journal. 
  41. ^ "Management team – Company – Google". Google.com. Retrieved September 28, 2012. 
  42. ^ http://www.theverge.com/2013/1/24/3904134/google-redesign-how-larry-page-engineered-beautiful-revolution
  43. ^ http://www.businessinsider.com/how-larry-page-is-running-google-2013-3?IR=T
  44. ^ http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2013/03/big-ideas/a-healthy-disregard-for-the-impossible
  45. ^ http://www.cnet.com/news/googles-page-we-should-be-building-great-things-that-dont-exist/
  46. ^ Liveblog: Get the Latest Updates From Google I/O 2013 – Wired.com
  47. ^ SiliconBeat: Tesla Motors New Electric Sports Car
  48. ^ Larry Page, Sergey Brin and Vinod Khosla discuss their views on the societal impact of technology (2014-07-03). The audience is composed of the CEOs of the portfolio companies of Khosla Ventures.
  49. ^ FT interview with Google co-founder and CEO Larry Page (2014-10-31), The Financial Times
  50. ^ Amanda Beck; Gary Hill (13 November 2007). "Google founder Larry Page to marry". Reuters. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  51. ^ Megan McCarthy (7 December 2007). "President Bush, Clintons to meet at Googler wedding?". Gawker. Gawker Media. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  52. ^ Ryan Tate (6 November 2009). "Another Google Heir Is Born". Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  53. ^ "Larry Page Fast Facts". cnn.com. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  54. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1346157/Google-founder-Larry-Page-buys-193-foot-yacht-45m-second-hand.html
  55. ^ http://www.charterworld.com/?sub=yacht-charter&charter=luxury-motor-yacht-senses-1097
  56. ^ Pepitone, Julianne (14 May 2013). "Google CEO Larry Page has vocal cord paralysis". CNN Money. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  57. ^ Brad Stone (14 May 2013). "Larry Page Explains What Happened to His Voice". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  58. ^ Shontell, Alyson (October 17, 2013). "Larry Page Tells Wall Street This Could Be His Last Google Earnings Call For A While". Business Insider (Business Insider, Inc.). Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  59. ^ Yarow, Jay (20 March 2014). "LARRY PAGE: I Would Rather Give My Billions To Elon Musk Than Charity". Business Insider. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  60. ^ National Science Foundation, Fellow Profiles.
  61. ^ a b CrunchBase profile
  62. ^ "2002 Young Innovators Under 35: Larry Page, 29". Technology Review. 2002. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 
  63. ^ Brin and Page Awarded MBAs, Press Release, September 9, 2003
  64. ^ Brin and Page Receive Marconi Foundation's Highest Honor, Press Release, September 23, 2004
  65. ^ Google Corporate Information: Management: Larry Page
  66. ^ Academy Elects 225th Class of Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members
  67. ^ "Larry Page's University of Michigan 2009 Spring Commencement Address=October 06, 2009". 
  68. ^ "Bloomberg Billionares Index". Bloomberg LP. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Company founded
CEO of Google
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Eric Schmidt
Preceded by
Eric Schmidt
CEO of Google
2011–present
Incumbent