Lawrence M. Judd

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Lawrence M. Judd
Lawrence M. Judd (Kuokoa newspaper).jpg
Judd as Senator in 1920
41st Governor of American Samoa
In office
March 4, 1953 – August 4, 1953
Appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by James Arthur Ewing
Succeeded by Richard Barrett Lowe
7th Territorial Governor of Hawaii
In office
July 6, 1929 – March 2, 1934
Appointed by Herbert Hoover
Preceded by Wallace R. Farrington
Succeeded by Joseph Poindexter
Personal details
Born Lawrence McCully Judd
(1887-03-20)March 20, 1887
Honolulu, Hawaii
Died October 4, 1968(1968-10-04) (aged 81)
Honolulu, Hawaii
Resting place Oahu Cemetery
Spouse(s) Florence Bell Hackett,
Eva Marie Lillibridge
Children Helen Florence,
Agnes Elizabeth,
Sophie Janet,
Lawrence McCully Jr.
Emilie Bell
Parents Albert Francis Judd
Agnes Hall Boyd
Occupation Politician

Lawrence McCully Judd (March 20, 1887 – October 4, 1968) was a politician of the Territory of Hawaii, serving as the seventh Territorial Governor. He was devoted to the Hansen's Disease-afflicted residents of Kalaupapa on the island of Molokaʻi.

Life[edit]

Judd was born March 20, 1887 in Honolulu, Hawaii, the grandson of Gerrit P. Judd, who was an early American Missionary, a cabinet minister to King Kamehameha III, and co-founder of Punahou School.[1] His father was Judge Albert Francis Judd (1838–1900) and mother was Agnes Hall Boyd (1844–?). He was the last of nine children. He was married March 6, 1909, at Richmond Hill, New York, to Florence Bell Hackett (1885–?) and had 5 children: Helen Florence (1909-?), Agnes Elizabeth (1912-?), Sophie Janet (1913–?), Lawrence McCully Jr. (1917–?) and Emilie Bell (1920–?).[2] Judd married his second wife, Eva Marie Lillibridge (1913–2002)[3] in 1938.

Judd attended the Punahou School, The Hotchkiss School, and the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a member of its fraternity chapter of Phi Kappa Psi.

Career[edit]

Judd made several fact-finding tours during his tenure in the Hawaii Territorial Senate 1920–1927.[4]

Governor of Hawai'i[edit]

Herbert Hoover appointed Judd to succeed Wallace Rider Farrington as Governor of Hawaii Territory from 1929 to 1934.[5]As territorial governor, he overhauled the system of governance in the colony. A source of controversy during his tenure, Judd commuted the sentence of Grace Hubbard Fortescue, socialite and niece of Alexander Graham Bell, convicted in the territorial courts of manslaughter in the death of a local man, Joseph Kahahawai. Hiring defense lawyer Clarence Darrow, Fortescue's case was known as the Massie Affair, a focus of nationwide newspaper coverage. Massie's sentence of ten years in prison was whittled down to one hour in the governor's chambers at ʻIolani Palace. The affair was the subject of a 2005 episode of the PBS series The American Experience, with some archival footage of Judd.[6]

Resident superintendent[edit]

Judd became Kalaupapa's resident superintendent in 1947.

Judd's service running Kalaupapa was a subject in the 2003 historical novel and national bestseller called Moloka'i by Alan Brennert as well as the historical account, The Colony: The Harrowing True Story of the Exiles of Molokai by John Tayman.[5]

Samoa and retirement[edit]

On 4 March 1953, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Judd Governor of American Samoa on a temporary basis. He served only five months.

Judd died on October 4, 1968 in Honolulu and was interred in the city's Oahu Cemetery in Nuʻuanu Valley.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ann Rayson (2004). Modern History of Hawaii. Bess Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-57306-209-1. 
  2. ^ George R. Carter and Mary H. Hopkins, ed. (July 1922). A record of the descendants of Dr. Gerrit P. Judd of Hawaii, March 8, 1829, to April 16, 1922. Hawaiian Historical Society. 
  3. ^ "Honolulu Advertiser obituaries, October 17, 2002". 
  4. ^ "Judd, Lawrence M.office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  5. ^ a b John Tayman (2007). Colony: The Harrowing True Story of the Exiles of Molokai. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-3301-9. 
  6. ^ "The Massie Affair (2005)" at the Internet Movie Database

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Wallace R. Farrington
Territorial Governor of Hawaii
1929–1934
Succeeded by
Joseph Poindexter
Preceded by
James Arthur Ewing
Governor of American Samoa
1953
Succeeded by
Richard Barrett Lowe