Lawrence M. Krauss
|Lawrence M. Krauss|
Krauss at the Australian National University, 30 September 2010
|Born||Lawrence Maxwell Krauss
27 May 1954
New York City, New York
|Fields||Theoretical physics and Cosmology|
|Institutions||Arizona State University
Australian National University
New College of the Humanities
Case Western Reserve University
|Alma mater||Carleton University (B.Sc.)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D.)
|Spouse||Katherine Kelley (1980-2012; divorced; 1 child)|
Lawrence Maxwell Krauss (born May 27, 1954) is an American theoretical physicist and cosmologist who is a professor of physics, Foundation Professor of the School of Earth and Space Exploration, and director of Arizona State University's Origins Project. He is the author of several bestselling books, including The Physics of Star Trek and A Universe from Nothing. He is an advocate of scientific skepticism, science education, and the science of morality.
Krauss was born in New York City but spent his childhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. On January 19, 1980 he married Katherine Kelley, a native of Nova Scotia. Their daughter, Lilli, was born November 23, 1984. Krauss and Kelley separated in 2010 and were divorced in 2012. Krauss received undergraduate degrees in mathematics and physics with first class honours at Carleton University (Ottawa) in 1977, and was awarded a Ph.D. in physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1982.
After some time in the Harvard Society of Fellows, he became an assistant professor at Yale University in 1985 and associate professor in 1988. He was named the Ambrose Swasey Professor of Physics, professor of astronomy, and was chairman of the physics department at Case Western Reserve University from 1993 to 2005. In 2006, Krauss led the initiative for the no confidence vote against Case Western Reserve University's president Edward M. Hundert and provost Anderson by the College of Arts and Sciences faculty. On March 2, 2006 both no-confidence votes carried: 131-44 against Hundert, and 97-68 against Anderson. In August 2008 he joined the faculty at Arizona State University as Foundation Professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration and the Department of Physics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and director of a university initiative, the Origins Project. In 2009 he helped inaugurate this initiative with the Origins Symposium, in which eighty scientists participated and three thousand people attended.
He appears in national media for public outreach in science and has written editorials for The New York Times. His opposition to intelligent design gained national prominence as a result of his 2004 appearance before the state school board of Ohio.
He attended and was a speaker at the Beyond Belief symposium in November 2006 and again in October 2008. He also served on Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign science policy committee. In 2008 he was named co-president of the board of sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. In 2010 he was elected to the board of directors of the Federation of American Scientists, and in June 2011 he joined the professoriate of New College of the Humanities, a private college in London.
Krauss also is a critic of string theory, which he discusses in his 2005 book, Hiding in the Mirror. Another book released in March 2011 was entitled, Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science, and a new book released in January 2012, is entitled, A Universe from Nothing: Why There is Something Rather than Nothing, with an afterword by Richard Dawkins. This became a New York Times bestseller within a week of its release, and is being translated into 20 languages. A foreword written by Christopher Hitchens was planned originally, but Hitchens died before it could be finished. In Jan 2013 the paperback version of the book appeared, with a new preface including material on the Higgs boson and a new Q&A with the author.
A new full length feature film documentary called The Unbelievers, which follows Krauss and colleague Richard Dawkins around the world as they discuss science and reason, had its world premiere at the Hot Docs International Film Festival in Toronto in April 2013. A number of celebrities including Woody Allen, Werner Herzog, Cameron Diaz, Ricky Gervais, Ian McEwan, Cormac McCarthy, Sarah Silverman and others appear in the film, for which Krauss was the executive producer.
Scientific work 
Working mostly in theoretical (as opposed to experimental) physics, he has published research on a great variety of topics within that field. His primary contribution is to cosmology, as he was one of the first physicists to suggest that most of the mass and energy of the universe resides in empty space, an idea now widely known as dark energy. Furthermore, Krauss has formulated a model in which the universe could have potentially come from "nothing", as outlined in his 2012 book A Universe from Nothing. Although his model agrees with experimental observation such as the shape of the universe and the energy density of the universe, it is referred to as a "plausible hypothesis".
Krauss is one of the few living physicists referred to by Scientific American as a "public intellectual", and he is the only physicist to have received awards from all three major U.S. physics societies: the American Physical Society, the American Association of Physics Teachers, and the American Institute of Physics. In 2012 he was awarded the National Science Board's Public Service Medal for his contributions to public education in science and engineering in the US.
Selected publications 
Krauss has authored or co-authored more than three hundred scientific studies and review articles on cosmology and theoretical physics. His popular books include:
- The Fifth Essence (1991) ISBN 0-465-02377-0
- Fear of Physics (1994) ISBN 0-465-02367-3
- The Physics of Star Trek (1995) ISBN 0-465-00559-4
- Beyond Star Trek (1997) ISBN 0-06-097757-4
- Quintessence (2001) ISBN 0-465-03741-0
- Atom (2002) ISBN 0-316-18309-1
- Hiding in the Mirror (2005) ISBN 0-670-03395-2
- Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science (W. W. Norton / Atlas & Co., 2010) ISBN 978-0-393-06471-1
- A Universe from Nothing: Why There is Something Rather than Nothing (Free Press, 2012) ISBN 978-1-4516-2445-8
Documentary films 
- The Unbelievers (2013)
- Gravity Research Foundation First prize award (1984)
- Presidential Investigator Award (1986)
- American Association for the Advancement of Science's Award for the Public Understanding of Science and Technology (2000)
- Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize (2001)
- Andrew Gemant Award (2001)
- American Institute of Physics Science Writing Award (2002)
- Oersted Medal (2003)
- American Physical Society Joseph P. Burton Forum Award (2005)
- Center for Inquiry World Congress Science in the Public Interest Award (2009)
- Helen Sawyer Hogg Prize of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada and the Astronomical Society of Canada (2009)
- Physics World Book of the Year 2011 for Quantum Man
- National Science Board 2012 Public Service Award and Medal (2012)
- Krauss, Lawrence (26 June 2009). "God and Science Don't Mix". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- The Science Network. 2010. The Great Debate Panel November 6, 2010.
- Krauss, Lawrence. "Curriculum Vitae". Arizona State University. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Origins Symposium 2009". Arizona State University - Origins Project. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Ratliff, Evan. 2004. "The Crusade Against Evolution." 12 (October): 157–161.
- "The professoriate", New College of the Humanities, accessed June 8, 2011.
- Boutin, Paul (23 November 2005). "Theory of Anything? Physicist Lawrence Krauss Takes On His Own". Slate. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Afterword from Lawrence Krauss' New Book - A Universe From Nothing - Richard Dawkins - RDFRS". RichardDawkins.net. 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- Overbye, Dennis, There's More to Nothing Than We Knew, New York Times, D1, February 21, 2012
- Krauss, Lawrence M. (9 July 2012). "How the Higgs Boson Posits a New Story of our Creation". Newsweek (The Daily Beast). Retrieved 18 July 2012. "The Higgs particle is now arguably more relevant than God."
- Dreyfus, Claudia (August 2004). "Questions That Plague Physics: Lawrence Krauss Speaks About Unfinished Business". Scientific American. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- University of Texas at Austin. The M.E.L. Oakes Undergraduate Lecture Series
- "Krauss Named Honorary Board Member". Center for Inquiry. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
- "Lawrence Krauss - Publications". Arizona State University. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Physics World Book of the Year 2011". 19 December 2011.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Lawrence M. Krauss|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lawrence M. Krauss|
- Arizona State University faculty listing
- Lawrence M. Krauss at the Internet Movie Database
- Debate with philosopher Julian Baggini on role of science and philosophy