Lawrence William Cramer
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- Lawrence Cramer redirects here. For those of a similar name, see Lawrence Kramer (disambiguation)
Lawrence William Cramer (December 26, 1897 – 1978) was the second civilian Governor of the United States Virgin Islands.
Cramer was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison and obtained a master's degree from Columbia University. He then spent two years in the United States Army during World War I and was wounded in battle. After the war, he returned as a professor of Government at Columbia University and wrote a book about the diplomatic background of the war.
Cramer was Lieutenant Governor under Paul Martin Pearson since 1931. Both he and Pearson were subpoenaed to appear in Washington, D.C. before the Senate regarding a scandal / political dispute that ultimately resulted in the forced resignation of Pearson and the appointment of Cramer as full governor on August 21, 1935. After his appointment, the Senate hearings continued and Robert Herrick was made acting-Governor.
Before Cramer was even installed, he had been tainted by his predecessor's reputation. The Islands' Colonial Council voted on July 29, 1935, to petition President Franklin D. Roosevelt to bring the Islands back under the control of the United States Navy, as it had been prior to 1931.
After his inauguration, however, Cramer made some positive moves which quelled fears. First, he was sworn in by a native judge and not a mainland one. He announced stepped-up rum exporting plans and petitioned the Department of the Interior for increased home rule for the territory. He also petitioned for universal suffrage. These moves were successful and the moves to oust Cramer ceased.
However, his difficulties resurfaced in 1937 as the Legislative Assembly of the United States Virgin Islands met for the first time and refused to consider eight of the nine bills he asked them to vote on. Cramer continued to have difficulties with the Assembly over tax law and other matters.
He resigned as governor in December, 1941. Cramer later served as executive secretary of the President's Committee on Fair Employment Practices during World War II.
- Jeré Franco. "Beyond Reservation Boundaries: Native American Workers in World War II" in Journal of the Southwest Vol. 36, no. 3 (Autumn 1994) p. 251
- ISLANDS GET NEW RULER. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif.: Jul 24, 1935. pg. 13, 1 pgs
- CRAMER A LIBERAL; WAS AN EDUCATOR. Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Jul 24, 1935. pg. 11, 1 pgs
- Island Groups Oppose Cramer. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Jul 25, 1935. pg. 15, 1 pgs
- REQUESTS RULE BY NAVY. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Jul 30, 1935. pg. 6, 1 pgs
- VIRGIN ISLANDS WRITE A HOME RULE BILL. HARWOOD HULL. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Feb 2, 1936. pg. E12, 1 pgs
- CRAMER REBUFFED IN VIRGIN ISLANDS. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Nov 24, 1937. pg. 15, 1 pgs
- CRAMER RESIGNS VIRGIN ISLAND POST. Times Wide World. New York Times. New York, N.Y.: Dec 3, 1940. pg. 25, 1 pgs
|Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
Robert Morss Lovett