Lawrencetown, Halifax County, Nova Scotia

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For other communities, see Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia (disambiguation).
East Lawerencetown.JPG

Lawrencetown (1986 population: 2,680) is a Canadian rural community in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality on Route 207. The settlement was established during Father Le Loutre's War.

History[edit]

Father Le Loutre's War began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports on June 21, 1749.[1] By unilaterally establishing Halifax the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq (1726), which were signed after Father Rale's War.[2] The British quickly began to build other settlements. To guard against Mi'kmaq, Acadian and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (1749), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1749), Dartmouth (1750), Lunenburg (1753) and Lawrencetown (1754).

In 1754, Nova Scotia's Lieutenant Governor Charles Lawrence, offered land grants to twenty families, who referred to their settlement as Lawrence's Town, which became Lawrencetown. The Acadians and natives resisted the British occupation of Nova Scotia and Acadia by raiding the various communities. In late April 1754, Beausoleil and a large band of Mi'kmaq and Acadians left Chignecto for Lawrencetown. They arrived in mid-May and in the night open fired on the village. Beausoliel killed and scalped four British settlers and two soldiers. By August, as the raids continued, the residents and soldiers were withdrawn to Halifax.[3] By June 1757, the settlers had to be withdrawn completely again from the settlement of Lawrencetown because the number of Indian raids eventually prevented settlers from leaving their houses.[4]

It is located on the Eastern Shore, 8 kilometres due east of the entrance to Halifax Harbour.

The community name of Lawrencetown was adopted on October 4, 1921, but changed to 'East Lawrencetown' on July 3, 1952. It was reinstated as Lawrencetown on April 5, 1961.

Lawrencetown, Halifax County, Nova Scotia is located in Nova Scotia
Lawrencetown, Halifax County, Nova Scotia
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Lawrencetown in Nova Scotia

Notable residents[edit]

  • Lesley Choyce, author, professor, and TV host.
  • Jimmie Inch, engineer, singer/songwriter, radio host[5]
  • Captain Parker of the Welsford-Parker Monument
  • Superintendent John Keylor, Ottawa Paramedic Service

References[edit]

Texts

  • Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008.
  • Griffiths, Naomi Elizabeth Saundaus. From Migrant to Acadian: A North American border people, 1604-1755. Montreal, Kingston: McGill-Queen's UP, 2005.
  • Murdoch, Beamish. A History of Nova Scotia, Or Acadia. Vol 2. LaVergne: BiblioBazaar, 2009. pp. 166–167
  • Wicken, William. Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial: History, Land, and Donald Marshall Junior. University of Toronto Press. 2002.

Links

  1. ^ Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008; Thomas Beamish Akins. History of Halifax, Brookhouse Press. 1895. (2002 edition). p 7
  2. ^ Wicken, p. 181; Griffith, p. 390; Also see http://www.northeastarch.com/vieux_logis.html
  3. ^ Diane Marshall. Heroes of the Acadian Resistance. Formac. 2011. p. 110-111
  4. ^ Bell Foreign Protestants. p. 508
  5. ^ East Coast Countdown: About us. Retrieved April 28, 2010.


Coordinates: 44°39′17.26″N 63°21′36.77″W / 44.6547944°N 63.3602139°W / 44.6547944; -63.3602139