Laya dialect

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Layakha
ལ་ཡ་ཁ་, layakha
alt text for the image
Layap woman in Laya Gewog
Native to Bhutan
Region Laya Gewog, Gasa District; northern Punakha District; Lingzhi Gewog, Thimphu District
Ethnicity Layap
Native speakers
1,100  (2003)[1]
Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lya
Glottolog laya1253[2]

Layakha (Dzongkha: ལ་ཡ་ཁ་, ལ་ཡག་ཁ་; Wylie: la-ya-kha, la-yag-kha)[3] is a Tibetan dialect spoken by indigenous Layaps inhabiting the high mountains of northwest Bhutan in the village of Laya, Gasa District. Speakers also inhabit the northern regions of Thimphu (Lingzhi Gewog) and Punakha Districts. Its speakers are ethnically related to Tibetans. Most speakers live at an altitude of 3,850 metres (12,630 ft), just below the Tsendagang peak. Layakha speakers are also called Bjop by the Bhutanese, sometimes considered a condescending term. Their population in 2003 stood at 1,100.[4][5]

Layakha is a dialect of Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan.[6] Dzongkha speakers enjoy a limited mutual intelligibility, mostly in basic vocabulary and grammar.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Layakha at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Layakha". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Dorji, C. T. (1997). An Introduction to Bhutanese Languages. Vikas. p. 25. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  4. ^ Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). "Layakha". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16 (online) ed.) (Dallas, Texas: SIL International). Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  5. ^ Wangdi, Kencho (2003-11-04). "Laya: Not Quite a Hidden Land". Kuensel online. Archived from the original on 2003-12-07. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  6. ^ van Driem, George; Tshering, Karma (1998). Dzongkha. Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region 1. Research CNWS, School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies. p. 1. ISBN 90-5789-002-X. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  7. ^ "Tribe – Layap". BBC online. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2011-09-26.