|Layyah لیہ, Pakistan پاکستان|
|• Total||6,291 km2 (2,429 sq mi)|
|Elevation||143 m (469 ft)|
|• Density||178.2/km2 (462/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of towns||1|
|Number of Union councils||3|
Layyah (Punjabi ليّہ) also spelled Leiah is a small city and capital of one of the 36 districts of Punjab province of Pakistan It lies between 30–45 to 31–24 deg north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 deg east longitudes. The area consists of a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the Indus and Chenab rivers in Sindh Sagar Doaba. It is also a part of the recently established civil division of Dera Ghazi Khan. The total area covered by the district is 6,291 km2 with a width from east to west of 88 km and a length from north to south of 72 km.It has a population of 1,121,951 people, the population density is 178.2 people/km2.
History of Layyah
The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal khan, a Mirani Baloch and a descendant of Ghazi Khan Mirani who laid foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around 1610, the town was taken from the Mirani Rulers by the Jaskani Balochs, who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but three years later it was included in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to Mankera.In 1794, Humayun Shah, the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near Leiah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan.In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzzaffargarh District. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three Tehsils: Layyah, Karor Lal Eisan and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875. The population, according to the 1998 census was 2 Million. Per capita income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 9,900, and expenditure Rs. 10,100. In 1903-4, the income was Rs. 10,600, chiefly derived from octroi, and the expenditure was Rs. 10,600.
Layyah District (formerly spelled as Leiah) is bounded to the North by Bhakkar District, to the east by Jhang District. The Indus River flows to its Western side across which lies district Dera Ghazi Khan and to the south Muzaffargarh District.District Layyah has an area of 6291 square kilometres and comprises three tehsils: Layyah Chaubara Karor Sub Tehsils On January 7, 2007, Fateh Pur and Chowk Azam got the status of a new sub tehsils of Layyah
- Advocate Chaudhary Rehmat Ali Alvi
(President Muslim League 1982-1986) Writer of the book Qa'id-i A'zam Muhammad 'Ali Jinnah "Englistan se Pakistan tak" (Worker of Pakistan Movement)
In Layyah, Sehar is the main tribe other are the Qureshi, Arain, Alvi, baloch, Jutt, Gujjar, Sumra, Bhatti Mirani Balouch kept a long history of Layyah. The 58% of the people in Layyah are native speakers of Thalochi Dialect of Punjabi language, remaining speak Majhi dialect of Punjabi and Urdu is also widely spoken after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. The medium of education is Urdu and English.
Education in Layyah
The education system in Layyah is formulated along specific modern, religious, cultural, social, psychological and scientific injunctions.The system is divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate); and university programs leading to graduate and advanced degrees.The higher education in Layyah is the systematic process of students continuing their education beyond high schools, learned societies, and two-year colleges. Many universities campus now open in layyah which include
- Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU) opened a sub-campus in Layyah.
- Sub-campus of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU).
- Government college university Fasilabad, Layyah Campus
- National College of Business Administration and Economics, (NCBA & E) Layyah Campus
- Virtual University Campus, Layyah
- Para-Veterinary School, Karor Lal-Eason (Layyah) UVAS, Lahore, Layyah Campus
Climate and Soil
The Layyah District has an extremely hot climate. Maximum temperature in the summer goes up to 53 Degree Celsius. The temperature in winter is low due to the area's nearness to Koh-Suleman range of mountains. The Chaubara Tehsil is almost barren and consists of forest and sand dunes. It is a ‘Rakh’ under the control of the Forest Department. The Tehsils of Layyah and Karor Lal Esan are developed agriculturally compared to other Tehsils of the Distract but still have are large tracks of sand dunes and uncultivated land. The Indus River passes from north to south on the western side of the district and touches Dera Ghazi Khan. The other main city of District is Chowk Azam has a population of 200,000.
Major crops of Layyah
Cotton, wheat, watermelon and green chilly is the main agricultural product of Layyah.
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Layyah. National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan
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