León Febres Cordero
|Febres-Cordero in 1985|
|President of Ecuador|
10 August 1984 – 10 August 1988
|Vice President||Blasco Peñaherrera|
|Preceded by||Osvaldo Hurtado|
|Succeeded by||Rodrigo Borja|
|Mayor of Guayaquil|
August 10, 1992 – August 10, 2000
|Preceded by||Harry Soria Lamán|
|Succeeded by||Jaime Nebot|
9 March 1931|
Guayaquil, Guayas Province, Ecuador
|Died||15 December 2008
|Resting place||Parques de la Paz, Guayaquil|
|Political party||Social Christian Party|
León Esteban Febres-Cordero Ribadeneyra (9 March 1931 – 15 December 2008), known in the Ecuadorian media as LFC or by his surname (Febres-Cordero), was President of Ecuador for a four-year term from 10 August 1984 to 10 August 1988. During his Presidency he sought to introduce market-oriented reforms, and also led a security crackdown on a guerrilla group, ¡Alfaro Vive, Carajo!.
Background and personal life
Febres-Cordero was born to a well-to-do Guayaquil family on 9 March 1931. His father sent him to study in the United States, where he first attended Charlotte Hall Military Academy in Maryland, then Mercersburg Academy in Pennsylvania for high school, and then graduated as an engineer from the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey. Upon his return to Guayaquil, Febres-Cordero entered business, dealing variously in paper, electrical parts, chemicals and textiles. Eventually he became an executive in the Noboa Group, a large agribusiness.
Febres-Cordero was first married to former First Lady of Ecuador María Eugenia Cordovez, and they had four daughters - María Eugenia, María Fernanda, María Liliana and María Auxiliadora. They divorced in 1988 after thirty-four years of marriage. Later he married Cruz Maria Massu, but they had no children. During the time he was President many groups of guerrilla movements came to life, one of them was "Alfaro Vive". A smoker, he died aged 77 in Guayaquil, on 15 December 2008 at 4:30pm, of lung cancer and emphysema.
The Febres Cordero government promoted a conservative economic policy. While some praised Febres Cordero's economic policies, they became largely unpopular with most Ecuadorians. Several of his ministers were accused of corruption. His Finance Minister, Alberto Dahik, was impeached by Congress.
Febres Cordero, a close ally of US President Ronald Reagan, was sharply criticized for an increase in human rights violations, including torture and extrajudicial killings. Current President Rafael Correa established a truth commission to investigate human rights violations, particularly those that occurred during Febres Cordero's administration.
In 1987 Febres Cordero was kidnapped for 11 hours by members of the air force demanding the freedom of General Frank Vargas Pazzos, who had been imprisoned after leading two uprisings in March 1986, aimed at toppling the Minister of Defense. Congress approved a resolution granting Vargas amnesty, but Febres Cordero refused to publish the resolution, thus denying it the force of law. It was only after his January 1987 kidnapping that he signed the amnesty and released Vargas.
- New York Times, 16 November 2008, Febres Cordero, giant of Ecuador politics, is dead
- Riding, Alan (1984) "Man in the News: Entrepreneur for Ecuador: Leon Febres Cordero Rivadeneira" The New York Times 9 May 1984, page A-10, col. 3
- Solano, Gonzalo (2008), Miami Herald, 15 December 2008, from the Associated Press, "Former Ecuadorean President Febres Cordero dies"
- "Fallece ex primera dama Eugenia Cordovéz, primera esposa de León Febres Cordero". Ecuador En Vivo. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- New York Times, 28 January 1987, CRISIS IN ECUADOR: DEMOCRACY IS LOSER
- New York Times, 13 March 1988, Report Finds Ecuador Rights Abuses Rose Sharply
- El Mundo, 16 December 2008, León Febres Cordero, ex presidente de Ecuador
- Conmemorial video
- Official Website of the Ecuadorian Government about the country President's History
- Amnesty International
|President of Ecuador