Leśni

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First days of Warsaw Uprising: Major Alfons Kotowski ("Okon") in western Warsaw, 1 August 1944

Leśni (short for "leśni ludzie", Polish for "forest people") is an informal name applied to some anti-German partisan groups that operated in occupied Poland during World War II.

The "forest people" groups comprised mostly people who for various reasons could not operate from the communities they lived in and had to retreat into the forests.

Contrary to most organized resistance groups, the Home Army foremost, the "forest people" formed a sort of standing army, as opposed to regular partisan units that gathered shortly before an operation and afterward returned to their homes.

After the 1939 fall of Poland[edit]

First partisan of II world war - Major Henryk Dobrzański aka "Hubal"

The first such groups were formed in 1939, shortly after the invasion of Poland, mostly by marauders from the Polish Army and other people who evaded being arrested by the new Nazi or Soviet authorities. In March 1940 partisan unit of the first guerrilla commanders in the Second World War in Europe - Henryk Dobrzański "Hubal" completely destroyed a battalion of German infantry in a skirmish near the village of Huciska. A few days later in an ambush near the village of Szałasy it inflicted heavy casualties upon another German unit. To counter this threat the German authorities formed a special 1,000 men strong anti-partisan unit of combined SS-Wehrmacht forces, including a Panzer group. Although the unit of maj. Dobrzański never exceeded 300 men, the Germans fielded at least 8,000 men in the area to secure it.[1][2] (the most famous was the group of Henryk Dobrzański).

Under German occupation 1939-1945[edit]

Although most of the groups accepted the overall command of ZWZ and then the Home Army, different realities made them remain largely independent.

In early 1943 strength of the leśni groups can be estimated at about 40 groups numbering in total 1,200-4,000 fighters, but the numbers grew significantly during Operation Tempest in 1944.[3]

Squads/troops[edit]

Uprisings, operations and battles[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ *Marek Szymanski: Oddzial majora Hubala, Warszawa 1999, ISBN 83-912237-0-1
  2. ^ *Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm: Polish Hero Roman Rodziewicz Fate of a Hubal Soldier in Auschwitz, Buchenwald and Postwar England, Lexington Books, 2013, ISBN 978-0-7391-8535-3
  3. ^ Roy Francis Leslie, The History of Poland Since 1863, Cambridge University Press, 1983, ISBN 0-521-27501-6, Google Print, p.234-235

See also[edit]

External links[edit]