LeClaire Historic District

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LeClaire Historic District
Cottages on Holyoke, Edwardsville.jpg
Holyoake Road
LeClaire Historic District is located in Illinois
LeClaire Historic District
Location Roughly bounded by RR tracks, Wolf St., Hadley and Madison, Edwardsville, Illinois
Coordinates 38°48′01″N 89°57′00″W / 38.80028°N 89.95000°W / 38.80028; -89.95000Coordinates: 38°48′01″N 89°57′00″W / 38.80028°N 89.95000°W / 38.80028; -89.95000
Area 200 acres (81 ha)
Built 1890 (1890)-95
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 79000855[1]
Added to NRHP August 8, 1979

The LeClaire Historic District is a historic district and company town in Edwardsville, Illinois. N. O. Nelson, the owner of the Nelson Manufacturing Company, established the town between 1890 and 1895 on donated land. Nelson planned the town to be an intentional community inspired by ideals such as Edward Bellamy's novel Looking Backward and the Ethical Culture movement. The community included an academy which offered free adult education and reading rooms, which was inspired by a self-culture hall in St. Louis. Nelson also established a profit sharing system in the community; the system was derived from a concept used at the Maison LeClaire in Paris, from which the community took its name. As LeClaire was an open community, its residents were not all company employees, nor were employees required to live in the community; however, the company provided utilities and public facilities to LeClaire residents. Journalist Nellie Bly compared the community favorably to Pullman in Chicago, and Ida Tarbell also wrote about the community.[2]

The community was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 8, 1979.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ McDonough, David L. (January 19, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: LeClaire Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved March 1, 2014.