The Lefevre Peninsula lies approximately 15 kilometres northwest of the centre of the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It is a narrow sand spit of about 30 square kilometres running north from its connection to the mainland.
The coast of the peninsula on the western side consists of a continuous stretch of fine, white sand beaches. The eastern side is defined and separated from the mainland by the Barker Inlet and Port River. Torrens Island lies nearby to the east. To the east of the base of the peninsula is the suburb of Port Adelaide. Much of the peninsula has been built on. It extends from the suburbs of Semaphore South and Ethelton in the south to North Haven, Outer Harbor and Pelican Point in the north.
European settlement commenced in the early 1840s. Before it was developed, much of the coastline was covered with mangroves. The land was extensively covered with bush, with such plants as wattle, sheoak and other native species. The peninsula now has a wind swept feel due to the clearance of these plants.
The peninsula has strong maritime associations due to its proximity to Port Adelaide, the Port River and Outer Harbor. Collins class submarines were built at the suburb of Osborne. Cement production also occurs on the peninsula at Birkenhead. In 1999, the Pelican Point Power Station was established at the northeastern tip of the peninsula adjacent to the Port River.
Lefevre Peninsula also contains several sailing clubs and golf clubs and the popular Semaphore Road foreshore and . The Outer Harbor Railway Line runs through the peninsula from Ethelton to Outer Harbor.
The suburbs on the Lefevre Peninsula include: Birkenhead (5015) - Ethelton (5015) - Exeter (5019) - Glanville (5015) - Largs Bay (5016) - Largs North (5016) - North Haven (5018) - Osborne (5017) - Outer Harbor (5018) - Peterhead (5016) - Semaphore (5019) - Semaphore South (5019) - Taperoo (5017)
- Bowman, G. & Harvey, N. (1986): Geomorphic Evolution of a Holocene Beach-Ridge Complex, LeFevre Peninsula, South Australia. Journal of Coastal Research 2(3):345-362
- PlaceNames Online - South Australian State Gazetteer Site is a searchable database. Accessed 13 March 2012.
- J Couper-Smartt Port Adelaide: Tales From a "Commodious Harbour" 2003 ISBN 0-646-42058-5 p 171
- Couper-Smartt op cit p 23
- Pelican Point Power Station, International Power plc Australia, 2007.
External Links and Sources
- The Peninsula Stays, Lefevre Peninsula tourism and accommodation
- Lefevre Peninsula, Historical Names around South Australia, State Library of South Australian
- National Railway Museum - Semaphore
- Pelican Point Power Station, yorkcivil.com.au
- J Couper-Smartt Port Adelaide: Tales From a "Commodious Harbour" 2003 ISBN 0-646-42058-5
- C Fenner and J B Cleland, The Geography and Botany of the Adelaide Coast, Adelaide, 1935