|Type||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||49.5 cm × 38.5 cm (19.5 in × 15.2 in)|
Le Bénédicité (English: Grace) is a painting by the French artist Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin. Chardin made several versions of the painting, one of which was given as a gift to Louis XV. The subject of the painting is one of bourgeois, everyday tranquillity – Chardin's field of expertise, with an uncharacteristic touch of sentimentality.
Chardin, who had made his fame painting still life, had at this point in his career started also to include human figures in his works. He painted several versions of Le Bénédicité, three of which were exhibited at the Salon, in 1740, 1746 and 1761. The original, from 1740, was given as a gift to the King. The painting fell into oblivion ten years after the death of Louis XV, but was rediscovered in 1845. Another version was kept by the artist throughout his life, and eventually ended up in the Musée du Louvre, through the large bequest of Louis La Caze in 1869. The version from the 1761 Salon – a horizontal composition – is now lost.
Chardin is well known for his depictions of humble, everyday life. Le Bénédicité shows a modest, middle-class interior scene, where a mother is laying the table for a meal. She instructs her children to say their grace before eating. The younger of the children can easily appear a girl to the modern eye, if the drum hanging on the child-sized ladderback chair is overlooked, and is indeed identified as such in Gardner. Rand and Bianco, however, quote the inscription on a contemporary engraving, describing the child as a boy, who has not yet been breeched. The quiet, peaceful atmosphere is reinforced by the subdued colour scheme, and the muted lighting. Chardin put much work into the arrangement of the various elements of his paintings. The composition here is meticulous, and the stability created by the triangular structure of the three figures also adds to the tranquillity of the scene.
Chardin is often contrasted to Watteau, whose paintings of aristocratic life differ greatly from those of Chardin's common people. It is not known for certain whether Le Bénédicité was painted with Louis XV in mind, or if it was the king who personally picked the painting out from the 1740 exhibition. In either case, the purchase shows the appeal the painting had to its contemporaries. When it was rediscovered in 1845 – on the eve of the revolutions of 1848 – it had taken on a whole new meaning. To the bourgeois establishment, the works of Chardin now represented a salutary contrast to the decadent aristocratic flimsy of Watteau. In 1848, an anonymous reviewer in the journal Magasin Pittoresque wrote:
|“||Watteau did lunches on the grass, walks in the moonlight, the capricious beauty of the day with her elegant lover of choice, dances under the trees with titled shepherds and shepherdesses; but Chardin did the honest and peaceful interior, the mother who clothes her son before sending him to school, the mother teaching her offspring to stutter the name of God...It would seem that one century could not contain two stories so different, yet they coincided.||”|
—vol. XVI, 1848
- Rosenberg, p. 12.
- Rand and Bianco, p. 128.
- Hyland, p. 271.
- "Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (1699-1779)" (in French). "Le monde des arts". Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "The La Caze Collection". Musée du Louvre. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Gombrich, p. 470
- The drum is as iconic a boy's toy in depictions of children as a doll is a girl's. Boys were in petticoats and dresses until they were "breeched" at about the age of six.
- Gardner, p. 640
- Rand and Bianco, p. 128
- Gardner, p. 640.
- Gardner, Helen (1991). Gardner's Art Through the Ages (9th ed. ed.). San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0-15-503769-2.
- Gombrich, E.H. (1995), The Story of Art, 16th ed. London & New York, ISBN 0-7148-3355-X
- Hyland, Paul (ed.) (2003), The Enlightenment: A Sourcebook and Reader London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-20448-8
- Rand, Richard & Juliette M. Bianco (1997), Intimate Encounters: Love and Domesticity in Eighteenth-Century France, Princeton, N.J.:Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01662-3
- Rosenberg, Pierre (2000), Chardin, Munich and London: Prestel ISBN 3-7913-2339-3