Castle and village of Le Barroux
|• Land1||16.04 km2 (6.19 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||39/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||84008 / 84330|
|Elevation||218–670 m (715–2,198 ft)
(avg. 350 m or 1,150 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Its current name derives from the Latin Albaruffum.
Its castle was built in the 12th century to oppose Saracen and Italian incursions, and went through major overhauls in the 16th and 17th centuries. The castle was damaged during the French Revolution, was repaired in 1929 using private funds, was set on fire by German occupation troops in 1944 as a reprisal for acts of resistance, and restored again after 1960. In its chapel are 18th-century wall paintings that are registered as historical monuments.
Its parish Church is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist.
- Agriculture. Vineyards around the village produce Côtes du Ventoux AOC wine. Other productions are olive oil, cherries and apricots.
- Tourism. Visitors are attracted to the picturesque medieval village and castle and to the Benedictine abbey. Cyclists are attracted by the proximity of the Mont Ventoux, a mountain often featured in the Tour de France.
- Christopher Wilson, "The Windsor Knot", Citadel Press, 2003, p.145.
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