|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
Paris and inner ring départements
|• Mayor||Didier Mignot|
|• Land1||8.05 km2 (3.11 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||6,400/km2 (16,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||93007 / 93150|
|Elevation||37–47 m (121–154 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Le Blanc-Mesnil (French pronunciation: [lə blɑ̃.me.nil]) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.6 km (7.8 mi) from the center of Paris, between Charles de Gaulle International Airport and le Bourget Airport.
- 1 Name
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Economy
- 5 Administration
- 6 Transport
- 7 Environment
- 8 International relations
- 9 Personalities
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 Bibliography
- 13 External links
The name Le Blanc-Mesnil was recorded for the first time in the 11th century as Mansionile Blaun. This name is a compound of Medieval Latin Mansionile, meaning "little houses", from Latin mansio (accusative mansionem), and of Germanic (Old Frankish) blanch, blaun, meaning "glossy, shining, white", which gave French blanc ("white") and English blank.
The name is interpreted by some as a reference to the houses of Le Blanc-Mesnil which were whitened due to the flour dust coming from the windmills located there in ancient times. One researcher, however, thinks that blanc had also the meaning of "free" in Old French, and so the name would mean "free mesnil, free village", perhaps because the villagers had been freed from serfdom. None of these interpretations is certain.
On 2 December 1792, a third of the territory of Aulnay was detached and became the commune of Le Blanc-Mesnil.
The arms of Le Blanc-Mesnil are blazoned :
- Parc d'activité du Coudray
- Zone industrielle de la Molette in Blanc-Mesnil, Bourget and Drancy. It includes Centre Albert Einstein, created in 1987.
- Parc Modus
- Centre d'affaires international Paris Nord II
- Carré des Aviateurs
- Espace Descartes, for tourism business. Three hotels three stars, a Novotel hotel.
French and international companies
Several French companies have their world headquarters in Blanc-Mesnil, such as Forclum and Sicli.
The following political parties have a permanent base in Blanc-Mesnil:
- Parti Communiste Français
- Parti Socialiste
- Union for French Democracy (UDF)
- Union for a Popular Movement (UMP)
- Groupe des Verts
Between 1860 and 1945
Le Blanc-Mesnil is also served by Drancy station on Paris RER line B. This station (formerly called Blanc-Mesnil-Drancy), although administratively located on the territory of the neighboring commune of Drancy, is the closest from the town center of Le Blanc-Mesnil and is thus used by people in Le Blanc-Mesnil.
The bus company provides 17 lines of buses to travel within the city.
Ideally placed at the junction between the A1 and the A3.
2.5 km (1.6 mi) from Le Bourget airport, 7 km (4.3 mi) from Charles-de-Gaulle airport and 4.5 km (2.8 mi) from Parc des Expositions de Villepinte, you will be ideally place to get to Parc Astérix and Disneyland as well as the centre of Paris and the Stade de France.
Catholic churches: Église Notre-Dame, Église Saint-Charles, Église Sainte-Thérèse. Evangelic churches : Charisma église chrétienne
Parks and gardens
- Jacques-Duclos Park
- Vineyards produces Clos blanc-mesnilois, a Chardonnay
- Vegetal wall of Forum culturel by Patrick Blanc
- Place de l'eau
- Jardin de Montillet
- Square Stalingrad
Blanc-Mesnil Sports (BMS), founded in 2005, is the city's sport club.
Le Blanc-Mesnil is twinned with
- Sandwell in the West Midlands region of the United Kingdom,
- Peterhof in Russia, and
- Debre Berhan in Ethiopia.
For fifteen years, twinning between le Blanc-Mesnil and Debre Berhan has been based on the development: water sanitation, education, construction of roads. In a rare spirit, that of a collaboration of equal to equal.
- Amara Baby, footballer
- Jean-Felix Dorothee, footballer
- Abdou Doumbia, footballer
- Élisabeth Vonarburg, writer of science-fiction.
- Patrick Hernandez, famous singer of Born to Be Alive, and Grand Corps Malade, slameur, are born in this town. Casey, Sheryo, and Bunzen, rappers.
- Gary Lugassy, tennis player, Tristan Valentin, Morgaro Gomis, Moussa Sissoko, Jérémy Abadie, footballer, are born in Blanc-Mesnil. Jonathan Biabiany played in BMS Football.
- Sylvie Guillem star dancer at Paris Opera
- Mickael Marolany,footballer
- Fabrice N'Sakala, footballer
- Moussa Sissoko, footballer
- Ludovic Sylvestre, footballer
- Site de Hotels World
- Archives municipales
- Le Blanc-Mesnil et son passé, Ernest Soitel, 1969.
- Histoire anecdotique de Blanc-Mesnil, Albert Galicier, 1973.
- Le Blanc-Mesnil des temps modernes : 1935-1985, 1986.
- Le Blanc-Mesnil, Pierre Bourgeade, Gilles Smadja, Jean-Pierre Vallorani, Françoise Vasseur, 1992.
- Le Blanc-Mesnil : citoyens de demain, Patrick Laigre et Jocelyne Héquet, 1993.
- Le Blanc-Mesnil : 2000 regards, Photographies de Luc Choquer, François Crignon, Erwan Guillard, 1999.
- Le Blanc-Mesnil, Christian Massart, 2005.
- Twinning between Le Blanc-Mesnil and Debré-Berhan (in English and French).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Blanc-Mesnil.|