Le Cerneux-Péquignot

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Le Cerneux-Péquignot
Coat of arms of Le Cerneux-Péquignot
Coat of arms
Le Cerneux-Péquignot is located in Switzerland
Le Cerneux-Péquignot
Le Cerneux-Péquignot
Coordinates: 47°1′N 6°40′E / 47.017°N 6.667°E / 47.017; 6.667Coordinates: 47°1′N 6°40′E / 47.017°N 6.667°E / 47.017; 6.667
Country Switzerland
Canton Neuchâtel
District Le Locle
Area[1]
 • Total 15.67 km2 (6.05 sq mi)
Elevation 1,088 m (3,570 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 322
 • Density 21/km2 (53/sq mi)
Postal code 2414
SFOS number 6434
Surrounded by Grand'Combe-Châteleu (FR-25), La Brévine, La Chaux-du-Milieu, Le Locle, Montlebon (FR-25), Villers-le-Lac (FR-25)
Website website missing
SFSO statistics

Le Cerneux-Péquignot is a municipality in the district of Le Locle in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Le Cerneux-Péquignot is first mentioned in the 13th century in connection with the Pequignot of Montlebon family.[3]

Geography[edit]

Le Cerneux-Péquignot has an area, as of 2009, of 15.7 square kilometers (6.1 sq mi). Of this area, 8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi) or 54.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.34 km2 (2.45 sq mi) or 40.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.45 km2 (0.17 sq mi) or 2.9% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.24 km2 (0.093 sq mi) or 1.5% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 1.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.1%. Out of the forested land, 36.2% of the total land area is heavily forested and 4.2% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 0.1% is used for growing crops and 35.2% is pastures and 19.7% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.[4]

The municipality is located in the Le Locle district, at an elevation of 1,070 meters (3,510 ft). It consists of the village of Le Cerneux-Péquignot, near the French border, along with a number of scattered hamlets and farm houses.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Between four, one in dexter and three in sinister, Pine trees Vert, issuant from Base of the same a Plough Sable.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Le Cerneux-Péquignot has a population (as of December 2013) of 322.[2] As of 2008, 2.9% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of 2.5%. It has changed at a rate of -0.9% due to migration and at a rate of 5% due to births and deaths.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (300 or 95.8%) as their first language, German is the second most common (8 or 2.6%) and Portuguese is the third (3 or 1.0%).[8]

As of 2008, the population was 53.1% male and 46.9% female. The population was made up of 167 Swiss men (51.5% of the population) and 5 (1.5%) non-Swiss men. There were 145 Swiss women (44.8%) and 7 (2.2%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality, 141 or about 45.0% were born in Le Cerneux-Péquignot and lived there in 2000. There were 99 or 31.6% who were born in the same canton, while 42 or 13.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 20 or 6.4% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 26.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.8% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 15%.[7]

As of 2000, there were 120 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 170 married individuals, 17 widows or widowers and 6 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 115 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.7 persons per household.[7] There were 21 households that consist of only one person and 14 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 109 apartments (86.5% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 14 apartments (11.1%) were seasonally occupied and 3 apartments (2.4%) were empty.[10]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][11]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 27.35% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the LPS Party (24.22%), the Green Party (15.65%) and the SP (11.56%). In the federal election, a total of 155 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 62.5%.[12]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Le Cerneux-Péquignot had an unemployment rate of 1.9%. As of 2008, there were 48 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 20 businesses involved in this sector. 28 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 6 businesses in this sector. 24 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 10 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 152 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 40.1% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 80. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 36, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 26, all of which were in manufacturing. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 18. In the tertiary sector; 4 or 22.2% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 4 or 22.2% were in a hotel or restaurant, 1 was in the information industry, 2 or 11.1% were technical professionals or scientists, 3 or 16.7% were in education.[13]

In 2000, there were 24 workers who commuted into the municipality and 70 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 2.9 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 29.2% of the workforce coming into Le Cerneux-Péquignot are coming from outside Switzerland.[14] Of the working population, 5.9% used public transportation to get to work, and 44.1% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 171 or 54.6% were Roman Catholic, while 86 or 27.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 member of an Orthodox church and 1 individual who was Islamic. 40 (or about 12.78% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 14 individuals (or about 4.47% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Le Cerneux-Péquignot about 115 or (36.7%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 21 or (6.7%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 21 who completed tertiary schooling, 76.2% were Swiss men, 19.0% were Swiss women.[8]

In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education. The next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend.[15] During the 2010-11 school year, there were 0.5 kindergarten classes with a total of 6 students in Le Cerneux-Péquignot. In the same year, there were 1.5 primary classes with a total of 22 students.[16]

As of 2000, there was one student in Le Cerneux-Péquignot who came from another municipality, while 31 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Le Cerneux-Péquignot in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 21-October-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 21-October-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Canton of Neuchatel Statistics, République et canton de Neuchâtel - Recensement annuel de la population (German) accessed 13 October 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  14. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  15. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  16. ^ Statistical Department of the Canton of Neuchâtel Mémento de l'année scolaire 2010/2011 (French) accessed 17 October 2011

External links[edit]