Le Hardi-class destroyer
Le Hardi class destroyer
|Name:||Le Hardi class|
|Operators:|| French Navy
|Preceded by:||L'Adroit class|
|Succeeded by:||T 47 class|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||1,772 long tons (1,800 t)|
|Length:||117.20 m (384 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||11.10 m (36 ft 5 in)|
|Draught:||4.20 m (13 ft 9 in)|
Geared turbines, 58,000 shp (43,251 kW)
|Speed:||37 knots (69 km/h; 43 mph)|
|Range:||2,760 nmi (5,110 km; 3,180 mi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Complement:||187 officers and men|
The Le Hardi class was a group of twelve French Navy destroyers (torpilleurs) laid down between 1936 and 1938. Eight ships were commissioned in 1940, with four ships never finished. They were the lighter counterparts to the very fast larger destroyers of the Mogador class, and the successors of L'Adroit class.
The ships of the Le Hardi class were significantly heavier than the L'Adroit 's, carrying two additional 130 mm guns in enclosed turrets and an extra torpedo tube. They were also 4 knots faster, being designed to operate with the new French fast battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg.
Some of the eight ships of the class were renamed in 1941, taking the names of destroyers previously sunk during the war.
The ships of the class were:
|Le Hardi||Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire, Nantes||4 May 1938||Scuttled 27 November 1942, raised as FR37, scuttled Genoa 24 April 1945|
|Fleuret (later renamed Foudroyant)||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer||28 July 1938||Scuttled 27 November 1942, raised as FR35, Scuttled August 1944|
|Épée (later renamed L'Adroit)||Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux||26 October 1938||Scuttled 27 November 1942, raised as FR33, returned to France in a non-repairable condition|
|Mameluk||Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire, Nantes||18 February 1939||Scuttled 27 November 1942|
|Casque||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer||2 November 1938||Scuttled 27 November 1942|
|Le Flibustier (later renamed Bison)||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer||14 December 1939||Scuttled 27 November 1942|
|Lansequenet||Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux||20 May 1939||Scuttled 27 November 1942,raised as FR34, scuttled Genoa 24 April 1945|
|Le Corsaire (later renamed Sirocco).||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer||14 November 1939||Scuttled 27 November 1942, raised as FR32. Scuttled in Genoa 1943|
|L'Intrépide||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer||26 June 1941||Not completed, scrapped post war.|
|Le Téméraire||Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer||7 November 1941||Not completed, scrapped post war.|
|L'Opiniâtre||Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux||not launched||Intended for completion by the Germans, as the ZF2, never finished|
|L'Aventurier||Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux||20 April 1947||Used as an experimental hulk post war, broken up 1971|
Three ships — Épée/L'Adroit, Fleuret/Foudroyant and Lansequenet — were raised, repaired and commissioned into the Italian Navy during 1943 as FR33, FR36 and FR35 respectively. When Italy switched sides, all three were captured by the Germans. Épée was captured in turn by the Allies and the other two scuttled once more to prevent capture.
The hull of the L'Opiniâtre was captured intact and 16% complete in Bordeaux, and the Kriegsmarine intended to complete her for service. Since French armament was not available and for standardisation with the rest of the German Navy, 12.7 cm guns and German pattern torpedo tubes were ordered. Work proceeded tardily until all progress was abandoned in July 1943. The hull was eventually broken up on the slip.
- Conway p270
- Conway p270
- "ZF2". german-navy.de. 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Gardiner, R; Chesnau, R: Conways All the Worlds Fighting Ships 1922-1946 (1980) ISBN 0-85177-146-7
- Whitley, M.J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Cassell Publishing. ISBN 1-85409-521-8.