Le Juif errant (opera)

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Le Juif errant (The Wandering Jew) is a grand opera by Fromental Halévy, with a libretto by Eugène Scribe and Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges.

The opera is based extremely loosely on themes of the novel Le Juif errant, by Eugène Sue. Whilst the novel is set in 19th century Paris and the Wandering Jew is incidental to the main story-line, the opera begins in Amsterdam in 1190 and the Jew Ahasuerus, (spelled Ashvérus[1] in the opera), is a leading character.

Performance history[edit]

Le Juif errant was premiered at the Salle Le Peletier of the Paris Opera on 23 April 1852, and had 48 further performances over two seasons. The music was sufficiently popular to generate a Wandering Jew Mazurka, a Wandering Jew Waltz, a Wandering Jew Polka[2] and in France just in the several months after the opera was premiered an even more considerable quantity of piano works, including several "Grande fantaisie dramatique" and similar titles, based on the opera.[3]

Roles[edit]

Role Voice type Premiere Cast,[4] 23 April 1852
(Conductor: - )
Ashvérus, the Wandering Jew baritone Eugène Massol
Nicéphore, Emperor of the Orient bass Louis Obin
Léon, descendant of Ashvérus tenor Gustave Roger
Théodora, boatwoman of the Scheldt, sister of Léon mezzo-soprano Fortunata Tedesco
Irène, daughter of Baudoin, Count of Flanders, also a descendant of Ashvérus soprano Emmy Lagrua(fr)[5]
Lady of honor soprano Petit-Brière
The exterminating angel tenor Chapuis
Ludgers, bandit chief bass Depassio
Manoel, first bandit bass Canaple
Andronic, second bandit bass Guigneau[6]
Jean, third bandit bass Noir
Arbas, fourth bandit bass Goyon
Night watchman baritone Merly
An officer of the palace baritone Lyon
A lord baritone Molinier
Another lord tenor Donzel
Chorus: lords, ladies, and people of Antwerp; robbers and bad boys; shopkeepers, inhabitants of Brabant; lords and ladies of Emperor Nicéphore's court; people of Thessalonica; people of Constantinople; mutes, almées(fr) (harem entertainers), slaves; Emperor's guards; Empress Irène's lady; angel, demons, the chosen, the damned, etc.
Lagrua in the role of Irène

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Sue's spelling of the name was 'Ahasvérus', a version also used by Edgar Quinet. However, Scribe's version of the name can be found in earlier literature (e.g. in 1834)
  2. ^ Anderson, (1991), p. 259.
  3. ^ see the Bibliographie de la France, 1852, p.703 just for example - http://www.archive.org/stream/BibliographieDeLaFrance1852Bibliographie/Bibliographie_de_la_France_1852_bibliographie_bnf-OCR#page/n1129/mode/2up .
  4. ^ Cast list based on the 1852 libretto published by Brandus, and Tamvaco (2000), vol. 2, pp. 882–883 (and the index for full names).
  5. ^ The libretto and Gourret (1987), p. 41, write this singer's name as Lagrua. Kutsch & Riemens (2003), vol. 4, pp. 2577–2578, have an extensive article on her and give the name as Emma (Emmy, Emilia) La Grua, née Emmy Funk. Referred to in Meyerbeeer (1999) passim as 'Lagrua' (see p. 879 for short note) and Meyerbeer (2004), p. 741, as Emilie Carini (also Emmy la Grua). Tamvaco (2000), p. 883, gives the name Emmy La Grua.
  6. ^ Gourret (1982), p. 69, lists a baritone by the name of Guignot, who first appeared at the Paris Opera ca. 1848.

Sources

  • Anderson, George Kumler (1991). The Legend of the Wandering Jew. Hanover, NH: Brown University Press. ISBN 9780874515473.
  • Gourret, Jean (1982). Dictionnaire des chanteurs de l'Opéra de Paris. Paris: Albatros. View formats and editions at WorldCat.
  • Gourret, Jean (1987). Dictionnaire des cantatrices de l'Opéra de Paris. Paris: Albatros. ISBN 9782727301646.
  • Jordan, Ruth (1994). Fromental Halévy: His Life & Music, 1799–1862. London: Kahn & Averill. ISBN 9781871082517.
  • Kutsch, K. J.; Riemens, Leo (2003). Grosses Sängerlexikon (fourth edition, in German). Munich: K. G. Saur. ISBN 9783598115981.
  • Macdonald, Hugh (2001). "Halévy, (Jacques-François-)Fromental(- Elie) [Fromentin(-Elias)]" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition, edited by Stanley Sadie. London: Macmillan. ISBN 9781561592395 (hardcover). OCLC 419285866 (eBook).
  • Meyerbeer, Giacomo, ed. S. Henze-Döhring, (1999) Briefwechsel und Tagebucher: Band 5; 1849-1852. Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 3 11 014244 9
  • Meyerbeer, Giacomo, ed. S. Henze-Döhring, (2004) Briefwechsel und Tagebücher: Band 7; 1856-1859. Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-018030-5
  • Scribe, Eugène; Saint-Georges, Henri de (1852). Le Juif errant, opéra en 5 actes (libretto). Paris: Brandus. View at Gallica.
  • Scribe, Eugène (1858). Le Juif errant in Oeuvres complètes de M. Eugène Scribe, new edition, volume XVII, pp. 149–164. Paris: Adolphe Delahays. View at Google Books.
  • Tamvaco, Jean-Louis (2000). Les Cancans de l'Opéra. Chroniques de l'Académie Royale de Musique et du théâtre, à Paris sous les deux restorations (2 volumes, in French). Paris: CNRS Editions. ISBN 9782271056856.