Le Petit Parisien

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Le Petit Parisien
Fuerte San Carlos 1902.jpg
Illustrated literary supplement on January 1903.
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Founded 1876
Ceased publication 1944
Headquarters Paris
Circulation 2,000,000+ <1920s> Daily

Le Petit Parisien was a prominent French newspaper during the French Third Republic. It was published between 1876 and 1944, and its circulation was over 2 million after the First World War.

Publishing[edit]

Despite its name, the paper was circulated across France, and records showed claims that it had the biggest newspaper circulation in the world at this time [1] In May 1927, the paper fell into a media prank set up by Jean-Paul Sartre and his friends, announcing that Charles Lindbergh was going to be awarded as École Normale Supérieure honorary student.[2] During the Second World War the paper, under the editorship of Claude Jeantet, was the official voice of the Vichy regime and in 1944 was briefly published by Jeantet in Nazi Germany before closing down.[3]

Background[edit]

Prior to the twentieth century, newspapers were largely political such as Paris’s La Presse. This is largely due to the fact that newspapers held close ties with political parties in order to profit. However, this led to a stunt in circulation. The creation of Joseph Pulitzer’s newspaper Le Matin inspired a new type of journalism. It prompted the start of Le Petit Journal and Le Petit Parisien which launched French journalism into a mass medium. These newspapers offered sensationalized news rather than relying on political propaganda which also meant they avoided the tax held on most political newspapers. This new style, reporting on topics such as finance and fashion, targeted mid to lower class readers. Appealing to this demographic helped launch Le Petit Parisien’s circulation to the millions.[4]

Illustration[edit]

Le Petit Parisien featured a weekly, Sunday illustration located on their front pages. These illustrations were often visual representation of current events and paired with an article located within the newspaper. Because photography was not readily available, the newspaper relied on local artists to provide drawings and sketches for human interest stories. The purpose of these illustrated covers was to capture the eye of the passerby. Some illustrations are noted as risqué or scandalous, with the intentional use of getting the attention of readers.[5] These covers are studied by many artists for their aesthetic appeal and many researchers for their impact on sales.

Writers[edit]

Up until the mid twentieth century, there was no formal school for journalism in Europe.[6] Therefore the writers for Le Petit Parisien had no journalism education and were often activists and elite authors with many areas of expertise. Among the newspaper’s guest writers was international correspondent Andree Viollis.[7]

Collapse[edit]

The interwar period proved to be a downfall to the circulation of Le Petit Parisien. During this time many newspapers were losing their credibility by falling into war propaganda. Budgets were cut due to financial pressures. The heavy swap of editors suggests that Le Petit Parisien was suffering the effects of unregulated media ownership that plagued France until the 1980s.[8]

National Library of France --Gallica[edit]

All copies of Le Petit Parisien can be found at the National Library of France—Gallica. They can be accessed at Gallica, Online Archive, Le Petit Parisien Index

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Fonds du Petit Parisien, Archives nationales (French national archives).
  2. ^ Hayman, Ronald (1987) Sartre: a life pp.69, 318
  3. ^ Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 198
  4. ^ Eaman, Ross. Historical Dictionary of Journalism. Scarecrow Press, 2009.
  5. ^ “Women in Bed with Snakes and Other News. The Year 1900 in Le Petit Parisien’s Illustrated Supplement.” Poisonous Pens: Belle Époque Media Culture. Accessed September 8, 2014. http://poisonouspens.wordpress.com/2014/05/08/women-in-bed-with-snakes-and-other-news/.
  6. ^ Eaman, Ross. Historical Dictionary of Journalism. Scarecrow Press, 2009.
  7. ^ Brunazzi, Elizabeth. “Andrée Viollis: A ‘Grand Reporter’ in the Intellectual Resistance, 1942−1944.” French Cultural Studies 22, no. 3 (August 1, 2011): 229–37. doi:10.1177/0957155811408815.
  8. ^ Eaman, Ross. The A to Z of Journalism. Scarecrow Press, 2009.

External links[edit]