View of Le Pont-de-Montvert
|Intercommunality||Cévennes au Mont Lozère|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Sophie Pantel|
|Area1||90.25 km2 (34.85 sq mi)|
|• Density||3.0/km2 (7.8/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||48116 / 48220|
|Elevation||665–1,699 m (2,182–5,574 ft)
(avg. 875 m or 2,871 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
It is located in the heart of the Parc National des Cévennes. The inhabitants of Le Pont-de-Montvert are called Pontoises or Montvertipontains.
Late Neolithic standing stones called the menhirs of the Cham des Bondons, the largest concentration of menhirs in the south of France, bear mute witness to the long prehistory of human occupation here. The village was a fief of the Knights Hospitaller. Guillaume de Grimoard, future pope under the name of Urban V, was born in the Château de Grizac here in 1309. The picturesquely sited structure, no larger than a farm, reveals its defensive nature by its narrow windows, perched high in its granite walls, and its four-square tower, now topless. Charles V exempted the seigneurie de Grizac from all taxes, a privilege its lords maintained until the Revolution.
In the 17th century it remained a local center of ardent French Protestants ("Huguenots") in a traditionally highly independent region; an incident in the village, the assassination on 24 July 1702 of the repressive abbé de Chayla, sparked the rebellion of the Camisards. The Huguenots elites of the neighbouring village of Fraissinet-de-Lozère chose nevertheless to fight against the rebels. The Protestant Temple de Vialas survives in the hamlet of Vialas nearby. The cattle market still held at Easter also has a long history.
Robert Louis Stevenson passed through Pont-de-Montvert on the ramble narrated in his Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes (1879), one of the first books to present hiking and camping as recreational activities. Today Stevenson fans retrace the route Stevenson on hiking paths (GR 70) some of which are transhumance routes taken annually by shepherds and their flocks.
The main village, Pont-de-Montvert (870 m altitude) at the base of the south-facing slopes of Mont Lozère, has retained the stony granite-built traditional aspect of its closely built centre, surrounding by outlying hamlets. The village is named for its hump-backed bridge (en dos d'âne) that spans in a single arch the swift-flowing Tarn— here near its source. The bridge is guarded by a defensive tower at the village end, now with a more amiable function: village clock. Medieval in aspect, bridge and tower date to the 17th century.
The open air museum Ecomusée du Mont Lozère sited here presents the ecology of the region. A feature is the traditional Ferme de Troubat, with its threshing-floor and its flour mill.
- Pierre-Jean Ruff, 2008. Le temple du Rouve, lieu de mémoire des Camisards. Editions Lacour-Ollé, Nîmes.The first Camisards and freedom of conscience
- See the forthcoming publication Ghislain Baury, La dynastie Rouvière de Fraissinet-de-Lozère. Les élites villageoises dans les Cévennes protestantes à l'époque moderne d'après un fonds documentaire inédit (1403-1908), Sète, Les Nouvelles Presses du Languedoc, 2010, http://sites.google.com/site/dynastierouviere/
- Patrice Higonnet, Pont-de-Montvert: Social Structure and Politics in a French Village (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971).
- Georgia Cosmos, "The Call to Arms: Pont-de-Montvert, July 1702," in eadem, Huguenot Prophecy and Clandestine Worship in the Eighteenth Century: 'The Sacred Theatre of the Cévennes (Aldershot, Ashgate, 2005), 85-108.
- Ghislain Baury, La dynastie Rouvière de Fraissinet-de-Lozère. Les élites villageoises dans les Cévennes protestantes d'après un fonds d'archives inédit (1403-1908), t. 1: La chronique, t. 2: L'inventaire, Sète, Les Nouvelles Presses du Languedoc, 2011, http://sites.google.com/site/dynastierouviere/.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Pont-de-Montvert.|
- Pont-de-Montvert: (separate texts in English, Dutch and German; photographs)
- Sivom Sources du Tarn
- Lozère on-line: Le Pont de Montvert
- Ecomusée du Mont Lozère (in English)
- Sarl Loureiro Frères: Photo gallery of traditional masonry, including the Château de Grizac
- The first Camisards and freedom of conscience