Le Pouget (power station)
|Pumped-storage power station|
|Upper reservoir||Lac de Villefranche-de-Panat, Lac de Saint-Amans. Connected to Lac de Pareloup.|
|Lower reservoir||River Tarn|
|Hydraulic head||461.2 m|
Le Pouget is a hydroelectic power station located at Le Truel, on the River Tarn, in the department of Aveyron in France. It uses the difference in height between the artificial lakes of Villefranche-de-Panat and Pareloup on the Lévézou plateau and the river 500m below. It ranks as the 16th largest station in France. It is part of the complex system that connects the rivers Alrance, Ceor, Viaur, Bage and Violou with the Tarn.
In addition to its 440MW generating capacity it houses a small pumping station that can return 6.6m³/s of water from the Tarn to its header reservoir.
The catchment of this system is on the Lévézou plateau- which is at the western end of the Grandes Causses. The plateau lies between 700m and 900m and consist of granite rocks. It is a landscape of gentle valleys, drained to the north by the Ceor, Viaur, Bage and Violou which flow towards Rodez, and to the south by the Alrance and the Ruisseau de Asseynes which fall steeply into the Tarn. To the south, exploiting a geological fault is the River Tarn which is at 265m altitude, and to the south of the river the land rises again to over 600m. The area is called Les Raspes de Tarn- 30 km to the east is the A75 autoroute and the Viaduc de Millau which crosses the Tarn and Dourdan at the level of the plateau. Further east is the town of Millau and the Karst landscape of the Gorges du Tarn. The impervious granites of the Lévézou make this a suitable location for water capture.
The catchment area of Le Pouget is extensive. The Alrance valley was dammed at Villefranche-de-Panat, creating the 197 hectare Lac de Villefranche-de-Panat. The dam at Villefranche is 17.10 m high and holds back 8.66 hm3 of usable water. This passes by a 5.3 km underground tunnel to the small 11 ha Lac de Saint-Amans reservoir, and then by steel penstocks the last 1.2 km to Le Pouget.
To the north is the Lac de Pareloup. This is the fifth largest hydroelectric reservoir by area in France having an area of 1260 hectares. It was formed by creating a dam across the Vioulou, and pumping water 6.4 km, up 80 m from the 53-hectare Bage reservoir on the Bage river and water from the 200 ha Pont-de-Salars reservoir on the Viaur. Waters from Pareloup can be directed either through the downstream Viaur to the power station at Thuries or through a 10.9 km tunnel to the power station at Alrance at the head of the Lac de Villefranche-de-Panat. A small amount (3.5 hm3) is extracted for use as drinking water in Rodez and Ségala. Pareloup has a catchment area of 376 km2: 160 km2 from the Vioulou, Gourde and Céor, 216 km2 from the Viaur and Bage. The dam at Pareloup is 43.45 m high and 232 m long- it is 15.87 metres thick at its base, tapering to 2.77 m at the rim. It holds back 167 million m3 of usable water.
In 1952, the station was equipped with 3 PELTON type turbines. They take 11 m3/s of water and together generate 127.5 MW. They are denominated G1, G2, G3. In 1983 two new generators were installed. These were G4, a 275MW FRANCIS type turbine, the most powerful of its type used in France; and the unique G5 41.5MW reversible FRANCIS type turbine. Reversible, the latter could also be used to pump water 461m up to the lac de Saint-Amans.
G4 uses a turbine that develops 286MW of energy, using 74 m3/s of water. At the time of its installation it was the most powerful gravity fed turbine in Europe and in 2012 is still the most powerful in France. This drives an alternator running at 333 revolutions / minute. It is 91% efficient delivering 275MW (MVA) of electrical energy to the grid at 15.5kV- that is nominally 10,245 kA.
- Energie Midi-Pyrénées (1994)
- Hydroweb Pouget, French, accessed 2012-09-26
- EDF Production Transport- Energie Midi-Pyrénées (1994). "Présentation de l aménagement hydroélectrique du Pouget et du barrage de Pareloup (Aveyron)". Hydroécol. Appl. (1994) (in French) (31057 Toulouse,: EDF) 6: 1–7. OCLC DOI: 10.1051/hydro:1994001. Retrieved Sep 2012.
- Hydroweb Pouget in French
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