Le Roy, Illinois

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Coordinates: 40°20′50″N 88°45′44″W / 40.34722°N 88.76222°W / 40.34722; -88.76222
Le Roy
City
LeRoy, Illinois.jpg
Downtown Le Roy, Illinois
Motto: "Creating our past by investing in our future"
Country United States
State Illinois
County McLean
Township Empire
Elevation 784 ft (239 m)
Coordinates 40°20′50″N 88°45′44″W / 40.34722°N 88.76222°W / 40.34722; -88.76222
Area 2.34 sq mi (6 km2)
 - land 2.32 sq mi (6 km2)
 - water 0.02 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 3,560 (2010)
Density 1,500.3 / sq mi (579 / km2)
Government Mayor and council, with a full-time city administrator.
 - location City Hall: 207 South East Street
Mayor Steven M. Dean
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 61752
Area code 309
Location of Le Roy within Illinois
Location of Le Roy within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Le Roy, Illinois
Website: www.leroy.org

Le Roy (also styled "LeRoy") is a city in McLean County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,560 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Le Roy is located at 40°20′50″N 88°45′44″W / 40.34722°N 88.76222°W / 40.34722; -88.76222 (40.347168, -88.762293).[1]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 2.34 square miles (6.1 km2), of which 2.32 square miles (6.0 km2) (or 99.15%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.85%) is water.[2]

History[edit]

Founding of LeRoy[edit]

LeRoy was laid out on 28 November 1835 by Asahel Gridley (26 April 1810 – 25 January 1881) and Merritt L. Covell (30 January 1808 – 17 September 1847). The founders were Bloomington businessmen. They had served together in the Black Hawk War, Covell as a captain and Gridley as a lieutenant. Because of their brief service both men were popularly called "General". Both would later serve in the Illinois General Assembly, and Gridley would eventually become McLean County's first millionaire.[3]

LeRoy was the first of eight towns to be laid out within the present boundaries of McLean County during the great Illinois town-founding boom which peaked in the summer of 1836.[4] LeRoy was located on a low mound, on prairie land, where the Bloomington to Danville state road crossed the road from Shelbyville to Chicago. The chief problem confronting Gridley and Covell was a place called Munroe, which consisted of a single store run by John W. Baddeley (24 June 1794 – 19 February 1871). It was located a mile and a half southwest of the new town. Although generally said to have been laid out in 1834 or 1836, no plat of the town has yet been found. Baddeley had been born in Whitchurch, Shropshire, England,[5] and had come to the United States with his family in 1832. He had quickly entered a thousand acres (4 km²) of land in Empire Township and seemed on his way to becoming a wealthy and important man. Baddeley was offered twenty-seven prime lots in LeRoy if he would move his store to the newly established town. Baddeley agreed. He lost most of his fortune in 1837 but continued to do business in LeRoy for many years.[6]

Original design of the town[edit]

Like most Central Illinois towns of the 1830s LeRoy was designed around a central "Public Circle". The circle at LeRoy featured streets which joined the public area midway along each side and is very similar to squares platted at Mt. Hope, Danvers, and Lexington. Except for some rounding at the corners to ease the flow of traffic, the square today retains its 1835 shape. Gridley and Covell's "Original Town" contained twenty-five blocks, almost all with eight lots, for a total of 196 lots. Early commercial growth was along Center Street just east of the square, and this has continued to be the commercial heart of the town. The original street names selected for LeRoy are virtually identical to those in the town of Lexington, which Gridley also co-founded: Center, Cedar, Cherry, Chestnut, East, Elm, Main North, Oak, Pine, Vine, Walnut and West. Unlike Lexington, LeRoy has no South Street.[7]

First advertisement[edit]

In November 1835 Gridley and Covell set about selling lots in their new town. They published a lengthy advertisement in the Sangamon Journal which is both the earliest description of LeRoy and a statement of why the two men had selected this location for a town. It begins with the bold heading "Town of Leroy". The reader is first told that Leroy was located on the north side of Buckle's Grove on Salt Creek. The crossing of the two roads is noted along with being 16 miles (26 km) east of Bloomington. "The site of the town is as beautiful as can well be conceived – situated on the margin of a rolling undulating prairie on an eminence gently descending in every direction and commanding an extensive view of the surrounding country, with an open expanse of prairie scenery on the north and west relieved by occasional groves of timber. No situation can well surpass it for beauty." They go on to write that LeRoy is "... located in the heart of a rich and flourishing settlement with a large amount of timber of quality inferior to none in the state in its immediate vicinity... it is believed that no interior town possesses superior advantages." Several excellent mill sites were located nearby. The advertisement concludes, "A further description is deemed unnecessary, as all who wish to make investments will doubtless visit it previous to investing."[8] Unlike many ads of the period, the date and time of the auction of town lots is not given.[9] Later sources relate that the lots sold well, "the bidding was spirited, and some of them sold at a high price."[10]

Early development of the town[edit]

The early growth of LeRoy was slow, but the town did better than many other towns laid out in the 1830s. Only three of the eight McLean County towns laid out during the 1830s boom still survive—Danvers, LeRoy, and Lexington. During the fall of 1836, several log cabins were built in the town and Edgar Conkling erected a frame store. Gridley persuaded Hiram Buck to move to LeRoy and establish a hotel; in 1838 Buck became Post Master. In 1836 Conkling and a partner laid out a vast new addition to the town that tripled its size. The first mill, built by Elisha Gibbs on the south side of the town, burned in 1844. Buckles and Farmer responded by building a second mill that also burned. The first large brick commercial building was built for T. J. Barnett in 1858 at a cost of $3,000.[11] By 1850, LeRoy had established itself as the second largest town in the county. It was incorporated as a town in 1853 and as a city 10 August 1874.[12]

Railroad era[edit]

After the Civil War, the citizens of LeRoy were convinced that only a railroad could assure the prosperity of the their town, and they took the lead in campaigning for what would eventually become the Indiana, Bloomington and Western Railway. In 1866 a meeting was held in LeRoy to generate support for the railroad. The following year, by a vote of 202 to 6, they voted to tax themselves to help pay for the railroad. Eventually they would subscribe $75,000 in bonds to the railroad. The railroad would pass through the southwest corner of the original town, with the depot located five blocks west of the square in Block 44 of Conkling's Addition. On 1 May 1870 the first train steamed into town. Disappointment quickly followed. The bonds were promptly hypothecated, that is, used as security to borrow money. In practice this meant that the citizens of LeRoy still had to pay each year, but had no say in the running of the railroad. The new railroad found itself in deep legal and financial trouble. Service was poor and rates exorbitant.[13] Rather than simply complain, the people of LeRoy decided to build their own railroad. The narrow gauge railway was begun in 1876. It ran down the center of Oak Street eastward to Rantoul, in Champaign County, where it joined the Illinois Central. The idea was to bring down freight rates by providing competition for the I.B. & W. Much of the labor was done by local people. Local people called it the "Pumpkin Vine", a popular folk name for any small railroad, also applied to several railroads in Indiana. The railroad was eventually sold to the Illinois Central and widened to standard gauge. It never carried a great deal of traffic, but was the object of a great deal of local pride.[14]

In the twentieth century[edit]

By 1900, LeRoy had two newspapers, four churches, one hotel, two grain elevators, three doctors, three lawyers, and twenty-five stores. Its population was 1,629.[15] Slowly LeRoy ceased to be a railroad town. Passenger service on the "pumpkin vine" ended in 1931. Passenger service on the railroad between Bloomington and Urbana ended in 1957. The depot in LeRoy was torn down in 1967, and the last train ran in 1980. Soon after that the tracks were torn up.[16] In the early 1970s, Interstate 74 was completed and new businesses began to develop near the highway exit. Population growth between 1900 and 1950 growth was slow, just under twelve percent. However, by the end of the century the population of LeRoy had more than doubled as the town increasingly became a residential center for both Bloomington–Normal and Champaign–Urbana.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,258
1900 1,629 29.5%
1910 1,702 4.5%
1920 1,680 −1.3%
1930 1,595 −5.1%
1940 1,783 11.8%
1950 1,820 2.1%
1960 2,088 14.7%
1970 2,435 16.6%
1980 2,870 17.9%
1990 2,777 −3.2%
2000 3,332 20.0%
2010 3,560 6.8%
Decennial US Census

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 3,332 people, 1,300 households, and 920 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,500.3 people per square mile (579.5/km²). There were 1,367 housing units at an average density of 615.5 per square mile (237.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.25% White, 0.06% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 1,300 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,781, and the median income for a family was $53,986. Males had a median income of $35,784 versus $27,450 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,743. About 0.6% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation[edit]

LeRoy maintains several parks and playgrounds as well as the Replex, a community recreation center (indoor and outdoor pools, weight room, gymnasium, and meeting rooms). Every August LeRoy hosts the annual LeRoy Fall Festival.

Notable people[edit]

Abraham Lincoln visited the town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  3. ^ Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of McLean County (Edited by Ezra M. Prince and John H. Burnham; 2 Vols; Chicago: Munsell, 1908) p. 2:901.
  4. ^ The other new towns were Lexington (1836), Concord (now Danvers - 1836), Hudson (1836), Clarksville (1836), Lytleville (1836), Peru (1836), Wilkesborough (1836) and Mt. Hope (1837). In addition, several other towns were laid out in what was then McLean County but is now within the limits of neighboring counties; these include Meridiansville (1836), Newcastle (1836), Bowling Green (1836) and Versailles (1836). Shortly after the boom two other McLean County towns were added to the list: Livingston (1838) and Pleasant Hill (1840).
  5. ^ for Baddeley's dates and birthplace, see Ancestry.com Public Family Trees, John W. Baddeley, Baddeley Family Tree.
  6. ^ History of McLean County (Chicago: LeBaron 1879) pp. 222, 518.
  7. ^ Combined Indexed Atlas 1856–1914, McLean County, Illinois (Bloomington: McLean County Historical Society and McLean County Genealogical Society, 2006) p. 120.
  8. ^ Sangamo Journal (Springfield, Illinois) 21 November 1835, p.3. A later advertisement for LeRoy appeared in the Illinois Star Register, 27 January 1837. with the heading, "To Merchants Wishing a Good Location".
  9. ^ William D. Walters, Jr. Selling Location: Early Illinois Town Advertisements 1835-1837 (Normal: Department of Geography-Geology, 2010) http://geo.illinoisstate.edu/about_us/ILLINOIS%20TOWN%20ADVERTISEMENTS%201835-1837.pdf
  10. ^ History of McLean, 1879, p. 525.
  11. ^ History of McLean, 1879, pp. 525-527.
  12. ^ Historical Encyclopedia, 1908, p. 901.
  13. ^ History of McLean County, 1879, p. 523.
  14. ^ History of McLean County, 1879, p.534.
  15. ^ Historical Encyclopedia, 1908, p. 2:1629.
  16. ^ Souvenir Program LeRoy Historical Days, June 25, 1983 (Available at the McLean County Historical Society, Bloomington, Illinois)
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]