Le Tholonet

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Le Tholonet
Société du Canal de Provence
Société du Canal de Provence
Coat of arms of Le Tholonet
Coat of arms
Le Tholonet is located in France
Le Tholonet
Le Tholonet
Coordinates: 43°31′22″N 5°30′42″E / 43.5228°N 5.5117°E / 43.5228; 5.5117Coordinates: 43°31′22″N 5°30′42″E / 43.5228°N 5.5117°E / 43.5228; 5.5117
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Aix-en-Provence-Nord-Est
Intercommunality Pays d'Aix
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Legier
Area1 10.82 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 2,227
 • Density 210/km2 (530/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13109 / 13100
Elevation 150–350 m (490–1,150 ft)
(avg. 193 m or 633 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Tholonet (Lou Toulounet and Lo Tolonet in Provençal) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. Its inhabitants are called Tholonétiens.

Geography[edit]

The commune is near Aix-en-Provence, and at the foot of the montagne Sainte-Victoire. The river Arc goes through the commune.

The hamlet of Palette, which gives its name to the Palette AOC appellation, is located on the commune's territory.[1]

History[edit]

The earliest signs of human presence can be dated back to the Iron Age, and are located in the Infernet and Espinades ranges.[2]

In the nineteenth century, a small oppidum named "Ragabom camp" or "Ratabom camp" was discovered at the Infernet site.[2] The camp consists of fortifications build with large stone blocks. The ruins are barely discernible today. Archeological surveys done from 1979-1980 helped discover furnishings dated from the Iron Ages up to the 2nd century BC, a time when the site was highly populated.[2]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 470 —    
1800 350 −25.5%
1806 489 +39.7%
1821 465 −4.9%
1831 501 +7.7%
1836 514 +2.6%
1841 540 +5.1%
1846 504 −6.7%
1851 602 +19.4%
1856 546 −9.3%
1861 540 −1.1%
1866 508 −5.9%
1872 501 −1.4%
1876 510 +1.8%
1881 506 −0.8%
1886 497 −1.8%
1891 505 +1.6%
1896 513 +1.6%
1901 466 −9.2%
1906 429 −7.9%
1911 383 −10.7%
1921 400 +4.4%
1926 402 +0.5%
1931 415 +3.2%
1936 421 +1.4%
1946 484 +15.0%
1954 592 +22.3%
1962 720 +21.6%
1968 953 +32.4%
1975 1,137 +19.3%
1982 1,186 +4.3%
1990 2,004 +69.0%
1999 2,259 +12.7%
2008 2,227 −1.4%

Sights[edit]

  • The Château du Tholonet (in its current form) was built by Alexandre de Galliffet in the 1640s. Galliffet had bought the plot from the Jarente family, and was president of the Aix-en-Provence parliament. His grandson Louis-François added a theater for his mistress Émilie de Marignane, wife of the famous orator Mirabeau. A marble cutting mill was used for Tholonet marble, known under the name Brêche d'Alep. Currently, the domain is owned by the Société du Canal de Provence (SCP).
  • Ruins of the Roman aqueduct that brought water from Saint-Antonin to Aix-en-Provence. This fifteen-kilometre aqueduct bridge, located in the Cause ravine, had a rate of nearly 80 liters per second and was one of four aqueducts that supplied Aquae Sextiae, Aix-en-Provence during the Roman period. The Aix painter Jean-Antoine Constantin drew sketches of it, which are now in the Aix-en-Provence Méjanes libraries.[2]
  • An old windmill that has been restored. Currently it is used to host painting and sculpture exhibitions.

Media[edit]

  • Paul Cézanne, who painted Sainte-Victoire and the black castle at Tholonet, would often eat at the Berne restaurant, today named Relais Cézanne.
  • Jacqueline de Romilly, member of the Académie française, wrote the book Sur les chemins de Sainte-Victoire, published by Fallois (2001).
  • In 2006, Michel Bernascolle's book Les Rapegons de Sainte-Victoire was published by Cheminements.

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quid entry for Le Tholonet
  2. ^ a b c d "Carte archéologique de la Gaule : Aix-en-Provence, pays d'Aix, val de Durance", 13/4, Fl. Mocci, N. Nin (dir.), Paris, 2006, Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, ministère de l'Éducation nationale, ministère de la Recherche, ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, maison des Sciences de l'homme, centre Camille-Jullian, ville d'Aix-en-Provence, communauté du pays d'Aix, p. 684-90.

External links[edit]