Lea Marston

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Lea Marston
Lea Marston is located in Warwickshire
Lea Marston
Lea Marston
 Lea Marston shown within Warwickshire
Population 317 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP2093
Civil parish Lea Marston
District North Warwickshire
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Sutton Coldfield
Postcode district B76
Dialling code 01675
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament North Warwickshire
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Coordinates: 52°32′17″N 1°42′07″W / 52.538°N 1.702°W / 52.538; -1.702

Lea Marston is a village and civil parish on the River Tame in Warwickshire, England, about 7 miles (11 km) south-west of Atherstone. Lea Marston is close to the county boundary with Birmingham and about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) east of Sutton Coldfield.

Manor[edit]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records that Robert Despenser held estates of nine hides at "Merston" and one hide at "Leth".[2] By 1235 Robert Marmion of Tamworth Castle held Marston and by 1253 the de la Launde family held Lea.[2] By the early part of the 16th century the two manors were referred to together and were generally held together.[2]

The Adderley family acquired Lea Marston in the first half of the 17th century when Charles Adderley married Anne Arden[2] of Park Hall in Castle Bromwich. It descended in the family to Charles Bowyer Adderley,[2] who was created 1st Baron Norton in 1878 and still held Lea Marston in 1905.[2] Adderley manor house was remodelled for the Adderley family in the 18th century[citation needed] and was called Hams Hall.

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint John the Baptist seems to have existed by 1252, when it was a dependent chapelry of Coleshill parish church and was granted to the Benedictine Markyate Priory.[2] The south wall of the nave and possibly the north wall date from this era.[2] Two windows in the north wall are early 14th century in style.[2] The nave was extended 9 feet (2.7 m) westwards in the 15th century for the addition of a bell-cot.[2] The south porch is another addition that seems to date from the 15th century.[2]

In 1876-77 the chancel was rebuilt and the north-west tower was added.[2] The tower has three bells, the oldest of which was cast by John Rudhall of Gloucester[3] in 1791.[2][4] The other two were cast by John Taylor & Co of Loughborough[3] in 1855 and 1873.[2][4] The church contains numerous monuments to members of the Adderley family,[2][5] including one from 1784 made of Coade stone.[5]

Rev. Thomas Bray was briefly vicar of Lea Marston in about 1693.[2] Bray founded the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge in 1699 and the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts in 1701.

Economic history[edit]

There are records of a watermill in the parish in the Domesday Book of 1086, and again in 1291 and 1703.[5]

In 1909 a section of the Midland Railway was built through Lea Marston parish linking Kingsbury and Water Orton to bypass Whitacre Junction. The line passes immediately south-east of Lea Marston village but there is no station.

In the 20th century there were three Hams Hall Power Stations in the parish.[5] Hams Hall A was built in 1927-29, Hams Hall B in 1949 and Hams Hall C in 1958.[5] They were decommissioned in 1975, 1981 and 1992 respectively and each was demolished within a few years of closure. The site has since been redeveloped as Hams Hall Distribution Park.

Lea Marston has a four-star hotel (the Lea Marston Hotel[6]) and a public house (the Clay Pigeon).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: North Warwickshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Salzman, 1947, pages 114-116
  3. ^ a b "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Lea Marston S John Bapt". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Pevsner & Wedgwood, 1966, page 332
  6. ^ Lea Marston Hotel

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Lea Marston at Wikimedia Commons