Leaburg, Oregon

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Leaburg
Unincorporated community
Leaburg, Oregon.JPG
Leaburg is located in Oregon
Leaburg
Leaburg
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates: 44°6′27″N 122°40′33″W / 44.10750°N 122.67583°W / 44.10750; -122.67583Coordinates: 44°6′27″N 122°40′33″W / 44.10750°N 122.67583°W / 44.10750; -122.67583
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97489
Area code(s) 458 and 541

Leaburg is an unincorporated community in Lane County, Oregon, United States located on the McKenzie River and Oregon Route 126 east of Walterville and west of Vida.

History[edit]

The first post office in this locale was established in 1877 and named "Leaburgh", for first postmaster Leander Cruzan.[1] At some point the spelling was changed to "Leaburg".[1] On May 25, 1907, the office was moved two miles (3 km) west and the name was changed to "Deerhorn"; Deerhorn post office closed in 1913.[1] A new Leaburg office was established on September 20, 1907.[1]

Hydropower project and hatchery[edit]

The city of Eugene's water utility, Eugene Water & Electric Board (EWEB), runs Leaburg Power Plant on the river one mile (1.6 km) west of Leaburg.[2] This is one of three EWEB hydropower projects on the river. Leaburg Dam, built in 1929 about three miles (5 km) east of the community, impounds and diverts the McKenzie into the Leaburg Canal; the impoundment forms the 40-acre (160,000 m2) Leaburg Reservoir.[3] The canal holds the water at a higher elevation than the natural level of the river for about five miles (8 km)—this allows the water to turn the power plant's turbines and generators.[4] Leaburg Power Plant was designed in 1929 by noted Oregon architect Ellis F. Lawrence in the Art Deco style and includes motifs from Greek mythology sculpted by Harry Poole Camden.[2] EWEB's Lloyd Knox Water Board Park is on the south shore of the reservoir, while the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) runs the Leaburg Hatchery, a rainbow trout and steelhead fish hatchery, nearby.[5]

Other hatcheries[edit]

The ODFW also runs the McKenzie Salmon Hatchery about two miles (3 km) east of Leaburg on the north bank of the river. This hatchery was built in 1938 and rebuilt in 1975.[6]

On the north bank of the river, about four miles (6 km) east of Leaburg, is the Old McKenzie Fish Hatchery, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.[7] The hatchery raised trout and salmon from 1907 until the 1950s.[8][9] Many original structures are on the property, including the main house, which was built in the early 1900s for the hatchery superintendent.[8] The site is under the jurisdiction of the Lane County Parks Department, and the McKenzie River Chamber of Commerce and Tourist Information Center is located there.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 568. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  2. ^ a b Style & Vernacular: A Guide to the Architecture of Lane County, Oregon. Western Imprints, The Press of the Oregon Historical Society. 1983. p. 122. ISBN 0-87595-085-X. 
  3. ^ "Recreational opportunities". Eugene Water & Electric Board. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  4. ^ "Exploring the McKenzie Watershed: Leaburg Dam". Eugene School District. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  5. ^ "The ODFW Visitors' Guide: Northwest Region: Leaburg Hatchery". Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  6. ^ "The ODFW Visitors' Guide: Northwest Region: McKenzie Hatchery". Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  7. ^ "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/19/96 Through 2/23/96". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  8. ^ a b c "Leaburg to Vida". McKenzie River Reflections. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  9. ^ "McKenzie River Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 2008-04-26. 

External links[edit]