Leader, Saskatchewan

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Town of Leader
Town
Leader welcome sign
Leader welcome sign
Leader, Saskatchewan is located in Saskatchewan
Leader, Saskatchewan
Location of Leader in Saskatchewan
Coordinates: 50°53′N 109°32′W / 50.89°N 109.54°W / 50.89; -109.54Coordinates: 50°53′N 109°32′W / 50.89°N 109.54°W / 50.89; -109.54
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Region Saskatchewan
Census division No. 8
Rural Municipality No. 231
Settled 1907
Incorporated (village) 1913 (as Prussia)
Incorporated (town) 1917 (as Leader)
Government
 • Mayor Craig Tondevold
 • Town Administrator Rochelle Francis
Area
 • Total 1.70 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 881
 • Density 519.2/km2 (1,345/sq mi)
Time zone CST
Postal code S0N 1H0
Area code(s) 306
Waterways South Saskatchewan River
Website Town of Leader

Leader is a town in southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada, located approximately 350 kilometres (220 mi) directly east of Calgary, Alberta and is near the border between Saskatchewan and Alberta. It has a population of 881 as of 2006.

History[edit]

William Theodore Smith (1845–1918), builder of the Smith Barn

Before settlement, the Leader area was a hunting ground of prehistoric humans. A Midland Folsom point was discovered that the University of Saskatchewan dated back 8,000 to 9,000 years before present.[1]

Homesteaders began arriving in large numbers in 1907; most were German immigrants from southern Russia.[2] An RCMP detachment opened in 1909, and ensured all the settlers had adequate supplies to last the winter. By 1911, the Canadian Pacific Railway purchased a quarter section of land as the prospective site for a settlement.[1] The railway arrived in 1913 and the village of Prussia was incorporated in September of that year.[3] By 1917, anti-German sentiment surrounding the events of World War I prompted the community to change its name, as well as its German street names to numbers. The new name was chosen after a contest won by two local girls, Bertha Keller and Muriel Legault. They were inspired by the arrival of the Regina Morning Leader newspaper on the passenger train. The village name was officially changed to Leader on September 27, 1917;[1] soon after, it incorporated as a town on November 1.[3]

W.T. Smith, a local rancher, had the distinction of building North America's largest barn. The Smith Barn was completed in 1914, having taken 100 men five months to complete its construction; the building measured 400 x 128 x 60 feet. Smith died in 1918, and his massive barn was dismantled down to the concrete foundation in 1921. The concrete foundation remains there to this day.[4]

Following World War II the town's population grew, reaching a peak of 1236 in 1966.[3] Since then the town's population has decreased, following Saskatchewan's overall trend of rural flight.[5]

In 1995, American aviator Steve Fossett landed near Leader after taking off from South Korea, becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.[6]

In November 2006, the inhabitants of Leader posed nude for a calendar in act of protest against the deteriorating condition of Highway 32, the main link to the city of Swift Current;[7] it attracted the attention of media outlets in Canada and the United States. In the 2008-2009 provincial budget, the Ministry of Highways committed to rebuild Highway 32 between the villages of Shackleton and Prelate.[8] The project was completed in November 2010 at a cost of $44.4 million.[9]

Geography and climate[edit]

Leader is located in Saskatchewan's mixed grassland ecoregion.[10] The southern landscape is dominated by flat plains, with rolling hills by the South Saskatchewan River located 10 km north of Leader. The Great Sand Hills, a 1900 square kilometre region of arid plains and sand dunes, lies just southeast of Leader. The town is located at the junction of highways 21 and 32, and is approximately 30 km east of the border with Alberta.

Leader's climate is on the borderline between the semi-arid climate zone (Köppen climate classification BSk) and the humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfb). Winters are long, cold and dry, while summers are short but very warm. Average precipitation is 10 inches (250 mm) of rain per year and 31 inches (790 mm) of snow per annum. Mean temperatures in the area range from a January low of -19°C to a summer high in July of +26°C.[1]

Climate data for Leader
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13
(55)
17
(63)
21.5
(70.7)
32
(90)
35
(95)
39.5
(103.1)
39
(102)
38.9
(102)
35.6
(96.1)
33.3
(91.9)
22.5
(72.5)
13.5
(56.3)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) −7.8
(18)
−4.2
(24.4)
3
(37)
12.6
(54.7)
19.3
(66.7)
23.8
(74.8)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
19.4
(66.9)
12.7
(54.9)
1
(34)
−5.9
(21.4)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.2
(8.2)
−9.7
(14.5)
−2.8
(27)
5.6
(42.1)
12
(54)
16.6
(61.9)
18.7
(65.7)
18.2
(64.8)
12
(54)
5.8
(42.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−11.2
(11.8)
4
(39)
Average low °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−15.1
(4.8)
−8.5
(16.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.6
(40.3)
9.3
(48.7)
11.2
(52.2)
10.4
(50.7)
4.6
(40.3)
−1
(30)
−9.9
(14.2)
−16.6
(2.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
Record low °C (°F) −45.6
(−50.1)
−40.5
(−40.9)
−38.9
(−38)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−8.9
(16)
−1.1
(30)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−8.3
(17.1)
−30
(−22)
−37.5
(−35.5)
−46
(−51)
−46
(−51)
Precipitation mm (inches) 14.8
(0.583)
14.1
(0.555)
19.5
(0.768)
26.1
(1.028)
47.8
(1.882)
60.8
(2.394)
52.6
(2.071)
41.8
(1.646)
30.1
(1.185)
16.3
(0.642)
16.2
(0.638)
20.1
(0.791)
360.3
(14.185)
Source: Environment Canada[11]

Demographics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Including three rural municipalities, Leader, is the center of a retail trading area. The economic base of the community centers around the grain and cattle industries. The major industries in Leader and surrounding area are agricultural services and manufacturing. Leader also has tourism trade from attractions such as the Leader Bird Watching Trail, Smith Barn site, and the Great Sand Hills.[1]

Attractions[edit]

Great Sand Hills
Burrowing Owls
Millennium Gardens

Leader is the largest community in close proximity to the Great Sand Hills, a vast area of grassland and sand dunes in southern Saskatchewan. The Great Sand Hills are home to an abundance of wildlife, including sharp-tailed grouse, pronghorn, white pelican, merlin, peregrine falcon, coyote, white-tailed deer, golden eagle, badger, weasel, burrowing owl, mourning dove, porcupine, sandhill crane and fox. It is the only known Saskatchewan habitat of the rare Ord's Kangaroo Rat.[15] Several large sculptures of local wildlife are found at various locations around the town of Leader.[16]

The Great Sand Hills Museum is in the nearby village of Sceptre. The museum features historical displays depicting pioneer life such as a boarding house, hospital, livery stable, school, church, and barn as well as vintage farm machinery.[1]

The South Saskatchewan River valley, just north of Leader, is the largest tract of riparian woodlands between the Cypress Hills and the northern forests. The Leader Bird Watching Trail is suited for viewing many native bird species, including pileated woodpecker, golden eagle, lark sparrow, yellow-breasted chat, red-headed woodpecker, yellow-green swallow, great blue heron, prairie falcon, ferruginous hawk, long-billed curlew, short-eared owl, loggerhead shrike, and burrowing owl.[4] It is also home to the prairie rattlesnake and one of few known localities of rattlesnakes in Saskatchewan.[17] Checkboard Hill, 6.4 km west of Leader on highway 741, has a wide view of the river and surrounding landscape.[18]

The Smith Barn Site is a provincial heritage site, located approximately ten kilometres northwest of Leader on private property.[19] Its concrete foundation is the only part of the building that remains. A scale model of the barn is located at the Leader tourist information booth.

The Estuary Hutterite Colony was established in 1958. The colony members have preserved the traditional Hutterite production methods, culture, language, and religion. Guided tours of the colony are available to visitors.

Parks and recreation[edit]

  • River Ridge Golf Course – 18 hole golf course with club house and pro shop
  • Leader Swimming Pool – seasonal outdoor heated pool, built in the 1960s and upgraded in the 1990s
  • Leader Millennium Gardens – designed by a student of the University of Guelph School of Landscape Architecture, and built in 2000 in recognition of Leader's history and cultural heritage
  • Leader Lions Park – green space with playground structure
  • Leader Ball Park – baseball facility with four ball diamonds, grandstands, a concession, beer gardens, and serviced camp sites for visiting teams
  • Leader Arena – indoor artificial ice surface for hockey and ice skating
  • Leader Curling Rink – curling facility with three artificial ice surfaces
  • Leader Community Hall – community hall built in 1983; hosts social events such as weddings and dances
  • Leader Friendship Centre – social gathering place for senior citizens[4][20]

Sports[edit]

Local sports teams include the Leader Expos (baseball) and the Leader Flyers (hockey). Other sports organizations include the Leader Minor Ball Club, Leader Minor Hockey Club and the Leader Skating Club.

Government[edit]

Leader's local government consists of a town council, composed of an elected mayor and six councillors. The current mayor is Craig Tondevold.[21]

In provincial politics, Leader is in the constituency of Cypress Hills. It is currently represented by Wayne Elhard of the Saskatchewan Party, first elected to the Legislature in a by-election in June 1999. He was re-elected in the 1999 provincial election, and again in 2003 and 2007. He is also the current Minister of Highways and Infrastructure.[22]

Leader exists within the federal riding of Cypress Hills—Grasslands. It is currently represented by David L. Anderson of the Conservative Party of Canada, first elected in 2000 and re-elected in 2003 and 2006.[23]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Leader is located at the junction of highways 21 and 32. The former Canadian Pacific Railway line also runs through the town; it is currently operated by the Great Sandhills Railway[24] Leader has an airport with an asphalt runway.

Utilities[edit]

Electricity is provided by SaskPower and natural gas is provided by SaskEnergy. The town maintains its own water supply system, including a pump house and filtration plant. Telephone and internet service is provided by SaskTel.

Health care[edit]

  • Leader Medical Clinic
  • Leader Hospital
  • Western Seniors' Home
  • Leader Home Care Office

Public safety[edit]

  • Cypress Health Region emergency medical services
  • Leader & District Fire Department
  • RCMP Leader Detachment

Education[edit]

  • Leader Composite School – teaches students from kindergarten through grade 12[25]
  • Great Plains College – offers courses by satellite
  • St. Angela's Academy (closed) – independent Catholic residential school for girls in the neighbouring community of Prelate. Closed on June 30, 2007 after 88 years of operation.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Community Profiles – Leader". Southwest Regional Economic Development Authority. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  2. ^ Barry, Bill (2001). Ukrainian People Places. Regina, Saskatchewan: People Places Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-894022-65-3. 
  3. ^ a b c McLennan, David (2006). "Leader". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  4. ^ a b c "Places to Go". Town of Leader. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  5. ^ Anderson, Alan (2006). "Population Trends". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  6. ^ "Aviation Adventurer Steve Fossett Missing". CBS News. 2007-09-04. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  7. ^ Cowan, Pamela (2006-11-29). "Nude calendar exposes road neglect". Regina Leader-Post. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  8. ^ Aasa, Marshall (2008). "Highway 32's upgrades in budget". Prairie Post. Retrieved 2008-04-06. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Nude calendar stunt helps pave Sask. highway". CBC News. November 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  10. ^ Secoy, Diane; Canadian Plains Research Center Mapping Division (2006). "Ecozones and Ecoregions". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  11. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 4 August 2010
  12. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  13. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  14. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  15. ^ Yanko, Dave. "Sand, Wind and Time". Virtual Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  16. ^ "Leader Wildlife Sculptures". Town of Leader. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  17. ^ "Prairie Rattlesnake". Royal Saskatchewan Museum. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  18. ^ "Places to Go". Town of Leader. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  19. ^ "Heritage Property Details – Smith Barn Site" (PDF). Saskatchewan Ministry of Tourism, Parks, Culture and Sport. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  20. ^ "Things to Do". Town of Leader. Retrieved 2020-11-01. 
  21. ^ "Leader Town Council & Staff". Town of Leader. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  22. ^ "Honourable Wayne Elhard". Government of Saskatchewan. Archived from the original on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  23. ^ "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – ANDERSON, David L.". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  24. ^ "Great Sandhills Railway Ltd. to acquire Empress Shortline". Great Sandhills Terminal Ltd. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  25. ^ "Leader and Area Schools". Town of Leader. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  26. ^ Yaworski, Kiply Lukan. "Ursulines will close St. Angela’s Academy in Prelate in June 2007". Retrieved 2008-04-04. 

External links[edit]