Leader of the Opposition (Greece)

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For the Leader of the Opposition in other parliamentary systems, see Leader of the Opposition.
Leader of the Opposition
Αρχηγός της Αξιωματικής Αντιπολίτευσης
NDlogo blue fonto.png
Logo of the largest opposition party
Antonis Samaras October 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Antonis Samaras

since 26 January 2015
Term length While leader of the largest political party not in government
Coat of arms of Greece.svg
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The Leader of the Opposition (Greek: Αρχηγός της Αξιωματικής Αντιπολίτευσης) is the politician who leads the official Opposition in Greece.

Role[edit]

The Leader of the Opposition is normally the leader of the largest party not within the government, which is usually the second largest political party in the Hellenic Parliament.

One exception to this rule was during the Papademos government, when Antonis Samaras, leader of the New Democracy, despite supporting the new government, retained the position of Leader of the Opposition. According to the Standing Orders of the Hellenic Parliament (Art. 20) "The President of the largest Parliamentary Group which does not participate in the Government, is called Leader of the Opposition and has special rights recognised by the Parliament's Standing Orders and current provisions". Because Samaras wanted to retain this position, no New Democracy MPs joined the Government, since if a single MP had joined the Government as a minister that would have meant that the New Democracy Parliamentary Group participated in the Government. Only non-MPs were allowed to join the Government. In fact, the new Defence Minister, Dimitris Avramopoulos, was forced to resign from his seat in order to satisfy the above provision. Despite protests form the other parties, the Parliament's Speaker decided that there was no violation of Art. 20, since no New Democracy MP participated in the Government.

Following the 2015 legislative election, Antonis Samaras, leader of the New Democracy, became Leader of the Opposition for a second time.

List of Leaders of the Opposition since 1974[edit]

# Leader Political Party Term of office
1 GEORGIOS MAVROS.jpg Georgios Mavros Centre Union – New Forces 1974–1976
2 Ioannis Zigdis 55.JPG Ioannis Zigdis (el) Union of the Democratic Centre 1976–1977
3 Andreas Papandreou (1968) 3.jpg Andreas Papandreou PASOK 1977–1981
4 No image.png Georgios Rallis New Democracy 1981
5 No image.png Evangelos Averoff New Democracy 1981–1984
6 Mitsotakis 1992.jpg Konstantinos Mitsotakis New Democracy 1984–1989
(3) Andreas Papandreou (1968) 3.jpg Andreas Papandreou PASOK 1989
None - National Unity Government 1989–1990
(3) Andreas Papandreou (1968) 3.jpg Andreas Papandreou PASOK 1990–1993
7 No image.png Miltiadis Evert New Democracy 1993–1997
8 Kostas Karamanlis Apr 29 08 cropped.jpg Kostas Karamanlis New Democracy 1997–2004
9 Papandreou handover cropped.jpg George Papandreou PASOK 2004–2009
10 Antonis Samaras October 2014.jpg Antonis Samaras New Democracy 2009–2012
11 Alexis Tsipras Komotini cropped.jpg Alexis Tsipras SYRIZA 2012–2015
(10) Antonis Samaras October 2014.jpg Antonis Samaras New Democracy 2015–present

See also[edit]

References[edit]