Leader of the Opposition (India)

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Leader of the Opposition of India
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
BJP Party leader Sushma Swaraj2.jpg
Incumbent
Sushma Swaraj (in Lok Sabha)
Arun Jaitley(in Rajya Sabha)
Website www.parliamentofindia.nic.in

Each House of the Parliament of India has a Leader of the Opposition. While the position also existed in the former Central Legislative Assembly of British India, and holders of it there included Motilal Nehru, it got statutory recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977 which defines the term ‘Leader of the Opposition' as that member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha who, for the time being, is the Leader of that House of the Party in Opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognized, as such, by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.[1][2]

The post also carries weight-age of cabinet minister and is seen comparable to prime minister who is leader of ruling party.

Leaders of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha[edit]

Name Party Term Lok Sabha
Ram Subhag Singh Indian National Congress (O) 17 December 1969 – 27 December 1970 Fourth
Y. B. Chavan Indian National Congress 1 July 1977– 11 April 1978 Sixth
C. M. Stephen 12 April 1978 – 9 July 1979
Y. B. Chavan 10–28 July 1979
Jagjivan Ram Janata Party 29 July – 22 August 1979
Parvathaneni Upendra Telugu Desam Party 31 October 1984 – 02 December 1989 Eight
Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress 18 December 1989 – 23 December 1990 Ninth
L. K. Advani Bharatiya Janata Party 24 December 1990 – 13 March 1991
21 June 1991 – 26 July 1993 Tenth
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 26 July 1993 – 10 May 1996
P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress 16–31 May 1996 Eleventh
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party 1 June 1996 – 4 December 1997
Sharad Pawar Indian National Congress 19 March 1998 – 26 April 1999 Twelfth
Sonia Gandhi 13 October 1999 – 6 February 2004 Thirteenth
L. K. Advani Bharatiya Janata Party 22 May 2004 – 18 May 2009 Fourteenth
May–December 2009 Fifteenth
Sushma Swaraj Since 21 December 2009
Source:[3]

List of Leaders of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha[edit]

In Rajya Sabha until 1969, there was no Leader of the Opposition in real sense of the term. Till then, the practice was to call the Leader of the party in Opposition having the largest number of the members as the Leader of the Opposition, without according him any formal recognition, status or privilege. The office of Leader of the Opposition was given official recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of the Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977. This Act defines the Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha, as a member of the Council of States who is, for the time being, the Leader in that House of the party in opposition to the Government constituting the greatest numerical strength and recognized as such by the Chairman of the Council of States. Thus, the Leader of the Opposition should satisfy three conditions, namely, (i) he should be a member of the House (ii) the Leader in Rajya Sabha of the party in opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and (iii) be recognized as such by the Chairman, Rajya Sabha.

Following members have been the Leaders of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha.[4]

Name Party Term
1 Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra Indian National Congress (O) December 1969 – March 1971
2 M. S. Gurupadaswamy March 1971 – April 1972
3 Kamalapati Tripathi Indian National Congress 30 March 1977 – 15 February 1978
4 Bhola Paswan Shastri Indian National Congress (O) 24 February 1978 – 23 March 1978
5 Kamalapati Tripathi Indian National Congress 23 March 1978 – 8 January 1980
6 L. K. Advani Bharatiya Jana Sangh 21 January 1980 – 7 April 1980
7 P. Shiv Shankar Indian National Congress 18 December 1989 – 2 January 1991
8 M. S. Gurupadaswamy Other 28 June – 21 July 1991
9 S. Jaipal Reddy Congress Rebel 22 July 1991 – 29 June 1992
10 Sikander Bakht Bharatiya Janata Party 7 July 1992 – 23 May 1996
11 Shankarrao Chavan Indian National Congress 23 May 1996 – 1 June 1996
12 Sikander Bakht Bharatiya Janata Party 1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
13 Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress 21 March 1998 – 21 May 2004
14 Jaswant Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 3 June 2004 – 16 May 2009
15 Arun Jaitley 3 June 2009 – present

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977". Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]