Leader of the Opposition (India)
|Leader of the Opposition of India|
Emblem of India
Each House of the Parliament of India has a Leader of the Opposition. While the position also existed in the former Central Legislative Assembly of British India, and holders of it there included Motilal Nehru, it got statutory recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977 which defines the term ‘Leader of the Opposition' as that member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha who, for the time being, is the Leader of that House of the Party in Opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognized, as such, by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
The post also carries weight-age of cabinet minister and is seen comparable to prime minister who is leader of ruling party.
Leaders of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2012)|
|Ram Subhag Singh||Indian National Congress (O)||17 December 1969 – 27 December 1970||Fourth|
|Y. B. Chavan||Indian National Congress||1 July 1977– 11 April 1978||Sixth|
|C. M. Stephen||12 April 1978 – 9 July 1979|
|Y. B. Chavan||10–28 July 1979|
|Jagjivan Ram||Janata Party||29 July – 22 August 1979|
|Rajiv Gandhi||Indian National Congress||18 December 1989 – 23 December 1990||Ninth|
|L. K. Advani||Bharatiya Janata Party||24 December 1990 – 13 March 1991|
|21 June 1991 – 26 July 1993||Tenth|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||26 July 1993 – 10 May 1996|
|P. V. Narasimha Rao||Indian National Congress||16–31 May 1996||Eleventh|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party||1 June 1996 – 4 December 1997|
|Sharad Pawar||Indian National Congress||19 March 1998 – 26 April 1999||Twelfth|
|Sonia Gandhi||13 October 1999 – 6 February 2004||Thirteenth|
|L. K. Advani||Bharatiya Janata Party||22 May 2004 – 18 May 2009||Fourteenth|
|Sushma Swaraj||Since 21 December 2009|
List of Leaders of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha
In Rajya Sabha until 1969, there was no Leader of the Opposition in real sense of the term. Till then, the practice was to call the Leader of the party in Opposition having the largest number of the members as the Leader of the Opposition, without according him any formal recognition, status or privilege. The office of Leader of the Opposition was given official recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of the Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977. This Act defines the Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha, as a member of the Council of States who is, for the time being, the Leader in that House of the party in opposition to the Government constituting the greatest numerical strength and recognized as such by the Chairman of the Council of States. Thus, the Leader of the Opposition should satisfy three conditions, namely, (i) he should be a member of the House (ii) the Leader in Rajya Sabha of the party in opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and (iii) be recognized as such by the Chairman, Rajya Sabha.
Following members have been the Leaders of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha.
|1||Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra||Indian National Congress (O)||December 1969 – March 1971|
|2||M. S. Gurupadaswamy||March 1971 – April 1972|
|3||Kamalapati Tripathi||Indian National Congress||30 March 1977 – 15 February 1978|
|4||Bhola Paswan Shastri||Indian National Congress (O)||24 February 1978 – 23 March 1978|
|5||Kamalapati Tripathi||Indian National Congress||23 March 1978 – 8 January 1980|
|6||L. K. Advani||Bharatiya Jana Sangh||21 January 1980 – 7 April 1980|
|7||P. Shiv Shankar||Indian National Congress||18 December 1989 – 2 January 1991|
|8||M. S. Gurupadaswamy||Other||28 June – 21 July 1991|
|9||S. Jaipal Reddy||Congress Rebel||22 July 1991 – 29 June 1992|
|10||Sikander Bakht||Bharatiya Janata Party||7 July 1992 – 23 May 1996|
|11||Shankarrao Chavan||Indian National Congress||23 May 1996 – 1 June 1996|
|12||Sikander Bakht||Bharatiya Janata Party||1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998|
|13||Manmohan Singh||Indian National Congress||21 March 1998 – 21 May 2004|
|14||Jaswant Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party||3 June 2004 – 16 May 2009|
|15||Arun Jaitley||3 June 2009 – present|
- "Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977". Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2012.