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Leaderism (Russian: Вождизм, vozhdism) is a Russian political term which means "a policy directed at the affirmation /confirmation of one person in the role of an indisputable or infallible leader" [1] Vozhdism is widespread in totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. Among manifestations of Vozhdism are Clientelism, Nepotism, Tribalism, Messianism [2]

An early form of leaderism was Greek tyranny, as it was described in the "Politician" by Aristotle .[citation needed] Forms of leaderism include Italian Fascism, Führerprinzip, Stalinism, Maoism, Juche. According to Nikolai Berdyaev Leninism was a new type of leaderism represented by a Leader of masses having dictatorship powers. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini were trying to imitate Vladimir Lenin, while Joseph Stalin was an ultimate type of such a Supreme leader[3]

In communist phraseology the term "leaderism" was a pejorative, an apposition to the officially proclaimed "principle of collective leadership".[4][5]

Modern Russian authors often imply that regimes of Mikheil Saakashvili,[6] Islamic leaders[7] or Vladimir Putin[8] are type of leadersim societies.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Viktor Ruchkin. S I Ozhegov, Slovar’ Russkogo Yazyka, Moscow 1978 via [1]
  2. ^ Вождизм article on Mir Slovarey site (Russian)
  3. ^ Nikolai Berdyaev Истоки и смысл русского коммунизма (Russian)
  4. ^ Slobodan Stanković , "The End of the Tito Era: Yugoslavia's Dilemmas", 1981, p. 59
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Вирус вождизма Krasnaya Zvezda 13 August 2008 (Russian)
  7. ^ Вожди и лидеры. Вождизм by Dmitry Olshansky (Russian)
  8. ^ Путин играет мускулами и добивается нового мирового порядка Kommersant 19 January 2009 (Russian)