Leahy-class cruiser

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USS Leahy, lead ship of her class
USS Leahy (CG-16)
Class overview
Name: Leahy class destroyer leader / cruiser
Builders: Several
Operators: United States Navy
Preceded by: Albany-class cruiser
Succeeded by: Belknap-class cruiser
Subclasses: Bainbridge-class cruiser
Built: 1959–1964
In commission: 1962–1995
Completed: 9
Active: 0
Retired: 9
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile cruiser
Displacement: 7,800 tons (full load)
Propulsion: 2 × steam turbines providing 85,000 shp (63 MW); 2 shafts
4 × boilers
Speed: 32 knots
Range: 8,000 nm @ 20 knots
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPS-39 followed by AN/SPS-48 3D air search radar
AN/SPS-43 followed by AN/SPS-49 2D air search radar
AN/SPS-10 surface search radar
AN/SPG-55 missile fire control radar
AN/SQS-23 bow mounted sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
AN/SLQ-32
Mark 36 SRBOC
Armament: 2 × Mark 10 Terrier SAM
1 × ASROC ASW system
4 × 3 in(76 mm)guns (replaced by Harpoon missiles during 1980s)
6 × 12.75 in(324 mm)ASW TT
2 x Phalanx CIWS
Aircraft carried: None

Leahy class cruisers were a class of guided missile cruisers built for the United States Navy. They were originally designated as Destroyer Leaders (DLG), but in the 1975 cruiser realignment, they were reclassified as guided missile cruisers (CG).

They were a new "double-ender" class fitted with Terrier (later Standard ER) missile launchers fore and aft, and the first and only frigate class designed without a main gun battery for shore bombardment or ship-vs.-ship engagements—the gun armament was reduced in order to carry a larger missile load. One of the principal missions of these ships, like their predecessors the Farragut class, was to form part of the anti-air and antisubmarine screen for carrier task forces, while also controlling aircraft from the carrier by providing vectors to assigned targets.

The ships carried over the propulsion plant of the Farragut class, fitted into a longer hull designed with a knuckled “hurricane” bow that reduced plunging in a rough sea, thus keeping the forecastle dry as needed to operate the forward missile launcher. Other features included an expanded electrical plant and increased endurance. A major design innovation was the use of "macks"—combined masts and stacks—on which the radars could be mounted without smoke interference.[1]

Description[edit]

The first three ships were constructed at Bath Iron Works, the next two at New York Shipbulding Corp, and the rest at Puget Sound Bridge and Dry Dock Company, Todd Shipyards, San Pedro, CA, San Francisco Naval Shipyard and Puget Sound Naval Shipyard.

Modernizations were accomplished between 1967 and 1972, upgrading air warfare capabilities. Nearly all modernizations were completed at Bath Iron Works, but Leahy received the modernization at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard at a cost of $36.1 million.[2]

All Leahy class ships were modernized again in the late 1980s New Threat Upgrade program. This program added advanced air search and track radars (AN/SPS-49 and AN/SPS-48E), updated targeting radars (AN/SPG-55), and combat direction systems. The upgrade included massive remodeling of the ship from food service space rehabilitation to a main propulsion system overhaul.[3] Entire systems were removed and replaced, for example the AN/SPS-40 air-search radar was replaced with the AN/SPS-49 air-search radar. The upgrade was also quite expensive and the ships didn't serve much longer after the modification. For example, USS Gridley (CG-21) received NTU in 1991 at a cost of $55 million, but was decommissioned in early 1994.

The Leahy class was taken out of service in the early 1990s, stricken from the naval register, and transferred to the maritime administration for disposal.

USS Bainbridge[edit]

USS Bainbridge (CGN-25)
USS Bainbridge (CGN-25)
Class overview
Name: Bainbridge class destroyer leader / cruiser
Builders: Bethlehem Steel Corporation
Operators: United States Navy
Built: 1959–1962
In commission: 1962–1996
Completed: 1
Active: 0
Retired: 1
General characteristics
Class & type: Guided missile cruiser
Displacement: 9100 tons
Length: 172.1 m (565 ft)
Beam: 17.6 m (57 ft 8 in)
Draft: 3.2 m (8 ft 29 in)
Propulsion: 60,000 shp; 2 G.E. Reactors (D2G), Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed: 34 knots (55 km/h)
Range: Unlimited
Complement: 475
Sensors and
processing systems:
1 AN/SPS-10 surface search RADAR[4]
AN/SPS-37 search RADAR[4]
AN/SPS-52 3D air search RADAR[4]
4 AN/SPG-55 Terrier fire control RADAR[4][5]
AN/SQS-26 SONAR[4]
Armament: As Leahy-class

USS Bainbridge (CGN-25) was a nuclear-powered development of the Leahy-class. Originally a guided missile destroyer leader, the class was re-designated guided missile cruiser in 1975. As with USS Long Beach (CGN-9) and USS Enterprise (CVN-65), Bainbridge was the only member of its single-ship class.

Bainbridge (DLGN-25) was largely identical to the Leahy-class[6]:329 except for the replacement of the conventional design's four 1200 lb/in2 steam boilers with two D2G reactors, and related increases in displacement, length and beam.[6]:331 Bainbridge '​s engineering department carried 7 officers and 156 enlisted men—respectively 3 and 42 more than a contemporary steam-powered vessel.[6]:331

The lessons learned on Bainbridge were later adapted to the next nuclear-powered ship, USS Truxtun (CGN-35) and the California and Virginia classes of nuclear-powered cruiser.[citation needed]

Ships in class[edit]

Name Pennant Builder Laid Down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
Leahy class conventional cruiser
Leahy CG-16 Bath Iron Works, Bath 3 December 1959 1 July 1961 4 August 1962 1 October 1993 Broken up at Brownsville, 2005
Harry E. Yarnell CG-17 31 May 1960 9 December 1961 2 February 1963 29 October 1993 Broken up at Philadelphia, 2002
Worden CG-18 9 September 1961 2 June 1962 3 August 1963 1 October 1993 Sunk as target, 17 June 2000
Dale CG-19 New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden 6 September 1960 28 June 1962 23 November 1963 27 September 1994 Sunk as target, 6 April 2000
Richmond K. Turner CG-20 9 January 1961 6 April 1963 13 June 1964 13 April 1995 Sunk as target, 9 August 1998
Gridley CG-21 Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company, Seattle 15 July 1960 31 July 1961 25 May 1963 21 January 1994 Broken up at Brownsville, 2005
England CG-22 Todd Shipyards, San Pedro 4 October 1960 6 March 1962 7 December 1963 21 January 1994 Broken up at Brownsville, 2004
Halsey CG-23 San Francisco Naval Shipyard 26 August 1960 15 January 1962 20 July 1963 28 January 1994 Broken up at Brownsville, 2003
Reeves CG-24 Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton 1 July 1960 12 May 1962 15 May 1964 12 November 1993 Sunk as target, 1 June 2001
Bainbridge class nuclear powered cruiser
Bainbridge CGN-25 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Quincy 5 May 1959 15 April 1961 6 October 1962 13 September 1996 Disposed of through Ship-Submarine Recycling Program at Bremerton, 1999

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Historical Review of Cruiser Characteristics, Roles and Missions". Future Concepts And Surface Ship Design Group (05D), Naval Sea Systems Command, Department of the Navy. 28 March 2005. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Jane's American fighting ships of the 20th century / compiled and edited by John Moore; preface by M. Staser Holcomb. New York, N.Y. Mallard Press, 1991. ISBN 0-7924-5626-2
  3. ^ CG-16 Leahy class
  4. ^ a b c d e Blackman, Raymond V. B. Jane's Fighting Ships (1970/71) p.430
  5. ^ Polmar, Norman "The U.S. Navy: Shipboard Radars" United States Naval Institute Proceedings December 1978 p.144
  6. ^ a b c Friedman, Norman (2004) [1982], U.S. Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History, Illustrated Design Histories (revised, illustrated ed.), Annapolis, MD, United States: Naval Institute Press, pp. 327–334, ISBN 9781557504425, OCLC 51861947, retrieved October 13, 2012, "The Bainbridge was essentially a nuclear version of the Leahy class." 

External links[edit]