Lealholm railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lealholm National Rail
Lealholm
Location
Place Lealholm
Local authority Scarborough
Coordinates 54°27′38″N 0°49′32″W / 54.460550°N 0.825630°W / 54.460550; -0.825630Coordinates: 54°27′38″N 0°49′32″W / 54.460550°N 0.825630°W / 54.460550; -0.825630
Grid reference NZ762078
Operations
Station code LHM
Managed by Northern Rail
Number of platforms 1
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   16,760
2005/06 Decrease 16,688
2006/07 Decrease 15,706
2007/08 Decrease 13,044
2008/09 Increase 15,572
2009/10 Increase 16,242
2010/11 Increase 17,972
2011/12 Increase 20,010
2012/13 Decrease 11,422
History
Key dates Opened 2 October 1865 (2 October 1865)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Lealholm from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Lealholm railway station serves the village of Lealholm along with Lealholmside, Fryupdale and Houlsyke in North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Esk Valley Line and is operated by Northern Rail who provide all of the station's passenger services. Heading up the line in the direction of Middlesbrough, the nearest station is based at Danby, however the hamlet of Houlsyke (1.75 miles (2.8 km) east of Danby) used to have a siding serving the farming community. The points were operated by a ground frame locked by the tablet for the Danby - Glaisdale section.[1] There has often been talk of constructing a halt further up the line to serve the North Yorkshire Moors Centre, situated between Houlsyke and Danby.

History[edit]

Lealholm was opened as part of the final stretch of line from Picton (where the line joined what is now a loop on the East Coast Main Line) to Grosmont (where it met the Whitby - Pickering railway) authorised under the North Yorkshire and Cleveland Railway Act of 10 July 1854.

The stretch from Castleton to Grosmont was opened on 2 October 1865, and Lealholm, sometimes referred to in early NER timetables as "Lealholme" or "Lealholm Bridge", is located on a stretch of line between Castleton and Glaisdale which has always been single track. Lealholm used to have a passing loop at the station where freight trains could pass passenger trains. The remains of the disused platform are clearly visible, now overgrown with grasses and weeds, although no evidence exists that that platform was ever used during the 20th century. There also used to be a signal box at the station, long since demolished.

Trains stop at the main station platform where the Station Master's house is based (now a private residence). Only a small internal shelter remains in the station building. Between Castleton and Grosmont, the later section of line to be built, the design of the station buildings uses a crow stepped gable at each end, favoured by the NER company in the mid-1860s. Despite a lack of staffing, the station is well cared for, with plants tended by the village WI.

Today, the line is generally quiet except for the school train on a morning and early evening. Like most of the surrounding villages, Lealholm has its own infant and primary school, however pupils travel to secondary schools and a college in Whitby.

Lealholm was also home to a typical NER goods shed and coal yard, which later became the factory base when the company Lightspeed panels was set up in 1972. They produced the Magenta kit car - A fiberglass body kit based on a Mini chassis. Today the site is a car repair garage. On Oatmeal Hill next to the station, 4 semi-detached railway cottages were built, finally being sold off privately in 1970. Railway cottages 1&2 with their stone finish were merged to form what is now "The Croft", and Railway cottages 3&4 (a later addition for lowly railway workers) with its cheaper brick built finish merged to form "Oatmill cottage". Because of the work required to make the building habitable its brick finish was covered with a distinctive white rendering which, in line with another white house along Lealholmside has often been used as a landmark by RAF fighter jet pilots flying low along the Esk valley.

Just downline (in the direction of Whitby) from the station, a vast embankment was built to carry the railway over a valley carrying the small Park Wood Beck. The poet John Castillo spent much of his time in this valley, and in his day it appears to have been a beautiful wooded valley. Today what remains is mainly covered with bracken and grazed by sheep. The beck now runs beneath the embankment in a large cylindrical stone lined tunnel around 8 feet in diameter, and can be walked from end to end. Inside it is pitch black, as due to the curvature of the tunnel it is not possible see from one end to the other. An opening in the wall near the upstream end carries a small brook into the beck.

Upline from Lealholm, the railway curves round the village before entering one of the deepest cuttings on the line, to pass through a giant glacial dam formed from rock pushed up the valley during the last great ice age.

A very similar range of station buildings, including a goods shed have been carefully restored at Goathland station on the NYMR, both stations were built about the same time and by the same contractor, Thomas Nelson.

Proposed branches[edit]

Downline from Lealholm at Rake Farm, the line was to have met a branch running across the moors to support the Iron ore industry hereabouts. It was never finished although the route's earthworks still exist, and has become known as Paddy Waddell's Railway in honour of the engineer John Waddell and his Irish Navvies who built what remains of the embankments and ditches that can still be found along the route.

The original proposals for the Picton to Grosmont Line included plans for a minor branch line leaving the railway upline at nearby Houlsyke and running 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south to what is now Furnace Farm. this would likely have served ironstone workings, traces of which can be found throughout nearby Fryup Dale.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hoole, K. (1983). Railways of the North York Moors: Dalesman Books. ISBN 0-85206-731-3
  • Suggitt, G. (2005). Lost Railways of North & East Yorkshire: Dalesman Books. ISBN 0-85206-731-3

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Northern Rail