Leandro Izaguirre (February 13, 1867 in Mexico City – February 26, 1941 in Mexico City) was a Mexican painter, illustrator and teacher. He entered the Academia de San Carlos in Mexico City in 1884. After studying with Santiago Rebull and José Salomé Pina, he became dedicated to the painting of historical subjects favoured by liberal critics in an attempt to create a Mexican school of painting, establishing the Columbus at Rábida and the Founding of Tenochtitlán in Mexico City. He is perhaps best known for his Torture of Cuauhtémoc (1892) which he would demonstrate a year later in Philadelphia and win an award for. The realist painting depicts the last Aztec emperor Cuauhtémoc.
For some years Izaguirre was a professor at the Academia, and had work commissioned in Europe (1904-6). He also worked as an illustrator for the magazine Mundo ilustrado.