Learjet 45

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Learjet 45
Learjet45-gama.jpg
Gama Aviation Learjet 45 at Farnborough, England in July 2006
Role Business Jet
National origin Canada and United States
Manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace
First flight 7 October, 1995
Introduction January, 1998
Status Active
Produced 1995-present
Number built 430+
Unit cost
$11.5 million
Variants Learjet 40

The Learjet 45 (LJ45) aircraft is a super-light sized business jet aircraft produced by Bombardier Aerospace.

Brand-new, the Learjet 45 costs around US$11.5 million.

History[edit]

The development of the LJ45 was announced by Bombardier in September, 1992, and first flight of the prototype aircraft took place on October 7, 1995, the 32nd anniversary of the first flight of the Learjet 23. FAA certification was delayed, and finally granted in September 1997, with the first customer aircraft subsequently delivered in January, 1998.[1] The cockpit is equipped with a four-screen Honeywell Primus 1000 EFIS avionics system. The aircraft is powered by two DEEC-controlled Honeywell TFE731-20 engines, a version developed specifically for this airframe. An internal APU provides ground power.[1]

The Learjet 45XR is an upgraded version introduced in June, 2004, offering higher takeoff weights, faster cruise speeds and faster time-to-climb rates as compared to the LJ45. The increases are due to the upgrading of the engines to the TFE731-20BR configuration. LJ45 owners can upgrade their aircraft through the incorporation of several service bulletins.[2]

In size, the LJ45 and LJ45XR fit between the smaller Learjet 31 and Learjet 40 and the larger Learjet 60 in the Lear product line. It has a 1,971-nautical-mile (3,650 km; 2,268 mi) range at Mach 0.81 with four passengers on board. De Havilland Canada builds the LJ45s wings, and Bombardier subsidiary Short Brothers of Belfast, Northern Ireland, builds the fuselage and empennage.

The Learjet 45 is also one of the main aircraft featured in the Microsoft Flight Simulator including Flight Sim 2004 and FSX.

Accident and Incidents[edit]

  • 2008 Mexico City plane crash; On 4 November 2008, Mexican Interior Minister Juan Camilo Mouriño, Assistant Attorney General José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos and 7 others were killed in an accident involving a Learjet 45XR. The aircraft crashed on a busy road, killing another 7 people on the ground. Investigators determined that the pilots had been flying too close to a 767 and lost control after flying into the larger plane's wake turbulence.

Operators[edit]

Military operators[edit]

 Ireland
 Peru

Civilian operators[edit]

 Italy
  • Eurojet Italia
 Mexico
 Luxembourg
 Morocco
 Montenegro
 El Salvador
 Argentina

Specifications[edit]

Nighttime View of the Learjet 45
Isle of Man registered Learjet 45
Learjet 45 parked Gunnison-Crested Butte Airport.
Learjet 45 parked at Boone County Airport (Arkansas).

Data from Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000[5]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Specifications and history of the LJ45 on Airliners.net
  2. ^ "Bombardier Aerospace Launches Learjet 40XR High Performance Light Jet." from Wings over Kansas
  3. ^ "Air Corps: Organisation: Fleet". Óglaigh na hÉireann: Defence Forces Ireland. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  4. ^ [1] "Perfil newspaper"
  5. ^ Taylor 1999, pp. 512–513.
  • Taylor, Michael J.H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London:Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7.

External links[edit]