Learning classifier system
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A learning classifier system, or LCS, is a machine learning system with close links to reinforcement learning and genetic algorithms. First described by John Holland, his LCS consisted of a population of binary rules on which a genetic algorithm altered and selected the best rules. Rule fitness was based on a reinforcement learning technique.
Learning classifier systems can be split into two types depending upon where the genetic algorithm acts. A Pittsburgh-type LCS has a population of separate rule sets, where the genetic algorithm recombines and reproduces the best of these rule sets. In a Michigan-style LCS there is only a single set of rules in a population and the algorithm's action focuses on selecting the best classifiers within that set. Michigan-style LCSs have two main types of fitness definitions, strength-based (e.g. ZCS) and accuracy-based (e.g. XCS). The term "learning classifier system" most often refers to Michigan-style LCSs.
Learning classifier systems are not fully understood mathematically and doing so remains an area of active research. Despite this, they have been successfully applied in many problem domains.
- Urbanowicz, Ryan J.; Moore, Jason H. (January 2009), Learning Classifier Systems: A Complete Introduction, Review, and Roadmap, J. Artif. Evol. App. (New York, NY, United States: Hindawi Publishing Corp.) 2009: 1:1–1:25, doi:10.1155/2009/736398.