List of circulating currencies
This list contains the 180 currencies recognized as legal tender in United Nations (UN) member states, UN observer states, partially recognized or unrecognized states, and their dependencies. Dependencies and unrecognized states are listed here only if another currency is used in their territory that is different from the one of the state that administers them or has jurisdiction over them.
Criteria for inclusion
A currency is a kind of money and medium of exchange. Currency includes paper, cotton, or polymer banknotes and metal coins. States generally have a monopoly on the issuing of currency, although some states share currencies with other states. For the purposes of this list, only currencies that are legal tender, including those used in actual commerce or issued for commemorative purposes, are considered "circulating currencies". Currencies used by non-state entities, like the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, scrips used by private entities, and other private and alternative currencies are not under the purview of this list.
List of circulating currencies by state or territory
- This currency is not used in day-to-day commerce, but is legal tender. It is minted or printed as commemorative banknotes, coinage, or both.
- British banknotes are issued by the Bank of England and by some banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Laws on legal tender vary between various jurisdictions.
- This currency code is not part of the ISO 4217 standard, but is used commercially.
- The two signs "KM" and "КМ", although they may look identical depending on font, are in respectively the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, as used in Serbian and Croatian.
- One cent equals ten mills (also spelled “mil” and “mille”), and (for the United States dollar) ten cents equal one dime.
- One jiao equals ten fen.
- Only coins are made for this fractional denomination. See the link on the name for details.
- One piastre equals ten millimes.
- One sen equals ten rin.
- One piastre equals ten fils and one dirham equals 10 piastres.
- Although part of the Netherlands, the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba do not use the euro, they use the United States dollar. They are listed separately.
- Four currencies circulate in the partially recognized state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which claims the territory of Western Sahara. The Moroccan dirham is used in the Moroccan-administered part of the territory and the Sahrawi peseta is the commemorative currency of the Sahrawi Republic. Additionally, some de facto currencies circulate in the territory: the Algerian dinar is used in Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf and the Mauritanian ouguiya is used in Lagouira, which is under Mauritanian administration.
- Rappen is German; in French it is centime; in Italian it is centesimo.
- One hundred Tongan paʻanga equal one hau.
- Only used in the parts occupied by Russia or pro-Russian separatists
- One hào equals ten xu.
- These coins are pegged to the United States cent; see Zimbabwean Bond Coins.
- "Field Listing: Exchange Rates". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- "Current currency & funds code list". Swiss Association for Standardization. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- Antweiler, Werner (2006). "Currencies of the World". University of British Columbia. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- "Banknotes". Bank of England. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- "The Coinage Act of 1792". Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- Circulating Coin Sets of the World – an alphabetical list of circulating currencies with photos
- XE.com – a currency conversion and exchange rate site