Leavenworth County, Kansas

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Leavenworth County, Kansas
Leavenworth county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
Leavenworth County Courthouse in Leavenworth, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Leavenworth County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Henry Leavenworth
Seat Leavenworth
Largest city Leavenworth
Area
 • Total 468.33 sq mi (1,213 km2)
 • Land 463.27 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Water 5.06 sq mi (13 km2), 1.08%
Population
 • (2010) 76,227
 • Density 166.7/sq mi (64.4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website leavenworthcounty.org

Coordinates: 39°14′N 95°02′W / 39.233°N 95.033°W / 39.233; -95.033

Leavenworth County (county code LV) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 76,227.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Leavenworth.[2]

The county is a part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Law and government[edit]

Leavenworth County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 468.33 square miles (1,213.0 km2), of which 463.27 square miles (1,199.9 km2) (or 98.92%) is land and 5.06 square miles (13.1 km2) (or 1.08%) is water.[4]

This county's watershed connects with both the Kansas River basin on the south via Stranger Creek and has a Missouri River port city to the east.[5][6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Leavenworth County was formed on August 30, 1866 from free territory and is among the first 33 counties, which were formed by the first territorial government. It was named, as was its county seat, after Henry Leavenworth, an officer in the War of 1812. Leavenworth County had the first Kansas State University extension agent in the State.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 12,606
1870 32,444 157.4%
1880 32,355 −0.3%
1890 38,485 18.9%
1900 40,940 6.4%
1910 41,207 0.7%
1920 38,402 −6.8%
1930 42,673 11.1%
1940 41,112 −3.7%
1950 42,361 3.0%
1960 48,524 14.5%
1970 53,340 9.9%
1980 54,809 2.8%
1990 64,371 17.4%
2000 68,691 6.7%
2010 76,227 11.0%
Est. 2012 77,739 [7] 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[9] there were 68,691 people, 23,071 households, and 17,210 families residing in the county. The population density was 148 people per square mile (57/km²). There were 24,401 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.2% White, 10.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 23,071 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 113.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,114, and the median income for a family was $55,805. Males had a median income of $40,047 versus $26,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,292. About 4.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2005 estimate):[10]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Leavenworth County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Lansing and Leavenworth are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Alexandria 01100 859 7 (18) 123 (48) 1 (0) 0.62% 39°16′8″N 95°7′33″W / 39.26889°N 95.12583°W / 39.26889; -95.12583
Delaware 17450 1,361 22 (57) 62 (24) 3 (1) 4.19% 39°14′50″N 94°52′40″W / 39.24722°N 94.87778°W / 39.24722; -94.87778
Easton 19625 1,245 11 (30) 109 (42) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°21′57″N 95°7′27″W / 39.36583°N 95.12417°W / 39.36583; -95.12417
Fairmount 22325 Basehor 6,266 61 (159) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.39% 39°8′4″N 94°56′26″W / 39.13444°N 94.94056°W / 39.13444; -94.94056
High Prairie 32125 1,768 14 (37) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.27% 39°15′30″N 95°0′34″W / 39.25833°N 95.00944°W / 39.25833; -95.00944
Kickapoo 36700 1,760 15 (40) 114 (44) 3 (1) 2.39% 39°20′45″N 94°59′29″W / 39.34583°N 94.99139°W / 39.34583; -94.99139
Reno 58950 1,143 10 (27) 111 (43) 2 (1) 1.56% 39°1′8″N 95°8′8″W / 39.01889°N 95.13556°W / 39.01889; -95.13556
Sherman 65000 2,367 22 (57) 108 (42) 3 (1) 2.44% 39°0′59″N 95°0′27″W / 39.01639°N 95.00750°W / 39.01639; -95.00750
Stranger 68500 2,451 19 (50) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°8′16″N 95°2′2″W / 39.13778°N 95.03389°W / 39.13778; -95.03389
Tonganoxie 70825 Tonganoxie (part) 4,852 35 (91) 137 (53) 1 (0) 0.66% 39°7′0″N 95°6′35″W / 39.11667°N 95.10972°W / 39.11667; -95.10972
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Colleges/Universities[edit]

Historical

Notable people[edit]

See List of people from Leavenworth County, Kansas

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Big Stranger Creek Rogers, H.D., and Johnson, A. Keith. Kansas and Indian territory in The Atlas of the U.S. of North America, Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Mexico, Central America, Cuba and Jamaica . London: E. Stanford, 1857 (no scale).
    A historical reference showing the Kansas Territory including parts of Colorado. Shows the westward trails.
  6. ^ Lower Kansas (Surf Your Watershed)
  7. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  8. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division.  Annual estimates of the population to 2005-07-01. Released 2006-06-21.

Further reading[edit]

County
  • History of Leavenworth County Kansas; Jesse Hall and LeRoy Hand; Historical Publishing; 684 pages; 1921. (27MB PDF)
Kansas

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps