Lebanese National Bloc

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lebanese National Bloc
الكتلة الوطنية اللبنانية
Leader Carlos Eddé
Founder Émile Eddé
Founded 1936
Headquarters Beirut, Lebanon
Ideology Lebanese nationalism
Political position Centre-right
Religion Secular (official)
National affiliation March 14 Alliance
Politics of Lebanon
Political parties

Lebanese National Bloc (Arabic: الكتلة الوطنية اللبنانية‎; Al-Kutlah Al-Wataniyyah Al-Lubnaniyah), is a Lebanese conservative[citation needed] political party founded in 1936.

The party's founder, Émile Eddé became president[clarification needed] the same year under French protectorate. His son, Raymond Eddé, succeeded him as head of the party.

In 1968, the National Bloc joined the Helf Alliance, a coalition which included former President Camille Chamoun's National Liberal Party and Pierre Gemayel's Kataeb Party. The alliance was relatively successful in Parliamentary elections held the same year, winning 30 seats (out of 99). Nevertheless, in 1969, the Bloc left the alliance after the Cairo Agreement.[clarification needed]

During the Lebanese civil war, although mainly Christian, the party refused to rejoin the Lebanese Front, formed by his former allies. During the war years, the party refused to arm a militia and kept a moderate line consisting mainly in defending the independence and unity of Lebanon aligning itself with the positions of the Sunni bourgeoisie, represented by Rashid Karami and Saeb Salam.[citation needed]

The exile (in 1976) and the death (in 2000) of its leader, combined with the rise of the Lebanese Forces and Aounist current, contributed to the decline of the party. At present, the party is now a portion of an anti-Syrian coalition, March 14 Alliance.

The party's current leader is Carlos Eddé.

External links[edit]