القوات البحرية اللبنانية
Flag of the Lebanese Navy
|Active||1950 - present|
|Part of||Lebanese Armed Forces|
|Headquarters||Beirut Naval Base|
|List of Equipment||Vessels|
|Engagements||Operation Nahr el-Bared|
The Lebanese Navy (Arabic: القوات البحرية اللبنانية Al-qūwātu al-Baḥriyya al-Lubnāniyya) is the Navy of the Lebanese Armed Forces. It was formed in 1950 and based in Beirut Naval Base, Lebanon’s first naval base. The navy, which currently lacks the proper number of equipment, has a number of approximately 50 vessels of various sizes and roles; however, the navy is trying to modernize itself, and increase its size. The flag of the Lebanese navy depicts a Phoenician ship with the Lebanese Cedar tree, positioned on an anchor above the Arabic inscription of the navy's name.
The Lebanese government approved on January 16, 2009 a request by the Lebanese Ministry of Defense to build a new naval base on the shores of Nahr el-Bared Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon.
Equipment and Systems
Current fleet list
|Type||Class||Country of Origin||Details||Numbers|
|Patrol boats||AMP 145||USA||44 - TRABLOUS - 43 meters|
|?||Germany||42 - Amchit - 34 meters (ex-Bremen 2)|
|Avel Gwalarn Class||France||43 - Al-Kalamoun - 30.35 meters (ex-DF 41)|
|Class 905||Germany||41 - Tabarja - 28 meters (ex-Y838 Bergen)|
|Fassmer FFPB 20||Germany||308 - Nakoura - 20 meters (ex-Bremen 9)|
|Tracker class||United Kingdom||307 - Sarafand|
|303 - Batroun|
|Attacker class||United Kingdom||301 - Trablous|
|302 - Jounieh|
|304 - Jbeil|
|305 - Beirut|
|306 - Saida|
|Medium Yacht (Captured from a drug smuggler) ||?||501 - Imanuella|
|Watercraft 45 ft||United Kingdom||13.7 meters CPC||4|
|Fast intercept boats||?||United Arab Emirates||12 meters||6|
|Phenix 55 FPB||Lebanon ||Sannine, 46 knots||1|
|Landing craft||EDIC-III Class (59 meters LCU-LCT)||France||21 - Sour|
|22 - Damour|
|Combat support boats||MK2||United Kingdom||8.24 Meters CSB/BEB||27|
The UAE promised to donate three more patrol boats the Lebanese Navy, the type and equipment are still unknown. The United States provided one 43 m blue-water AMP 145 patrol craft. Lebanon intend to provide protection for the future natural gas installations and enforce the law and the State authority in Lebanese Territorial Waters. Lebanon count on the $3 billon Saudi Arabia military grant to equip the Lebanese navy by French Gowind class Offshore Patrol Vessels OPVs.
|Type||Class/Country of Origin||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Details|
|Large patrol craft boats||France||1959||1991||31 - Tarablous|
|Coastal patrol craft||Byblos class / France||1955||1991||11 - Byblos|
|1955||1991||12 - Sidon|
|1955||1991||13 - Beirut|
Coastal Radar Stations
|Ministry of National Defense|
|Lebanese Air Force|
|Lebanese Special Forces|
|Lebanese Red Cross|
|Lebanese Military Personnel|
|Topics of Lebanon|
|Culture - Geography|
|History - Politics|
The Lebanese Navy is in charge of the coastal radar stations, in 1992, three stations in all of Tripoli, Sidon, and Tyre were established, followed by upgrades and new stations in 1997. However, during War 2006 all of stations were bombed by the Israeli Navy. After the war ended, Germany and Lebanon signed a bilateral agreement to establish The Coastal Radar Organization (CRO) which aimed to create and consolidate a chain of seven coastal radar stations with the ability to cover the entire Mediterranean coast of Lebanon. Three of these stations are older and were refurbished with new equipment and facilities; the four other are new installations.
In February, 2008, the Lebanese navy ordered six Pharos XLR3+ Long Range Multisensor Surveillance Platforms in order to equip their naval stations which lack 24/7 long-range surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities in all weather conditions.
The Lebanese Naval Forces send nearly all of their Navy officers for training abroad in a variety of European countries as well as the United States. Each country offers different training depending on the specializations of each officer. Officers sent to the United States have undergone schooling in surface warfare and experienced on job training with the US Coast Guard. Many Lebanese Naval Forces Engineers head to France where they receive education regarding detection, transmission, and artillery. Skills used in much of the domestic duties of the Lebanese Naval Forces from initial staff courses, amphibious training, and maritime drug enforcement are taught at British academies.
Cooperation with the UNIFIL MTF
The existence of the UNIFIL Maritime Task Force is helping the Lebanese Navy to enhance the skills of its personnel through the periodical joint exercises and daily cooperation. Upon the arrival of the MTF to the region (after the 2006 Lebanon War), the Lebanese Navy began jointly working with the navy in lead, which at the time was the Italian Navy, in order to insure a successful outcome to the assigned peace operation.
- Admiral Émile Lahoud who was elected the President of Lebanon in 1998.
- "قبيل تسلّم إيطاليا مهام القيادة من ألمانيا". Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). March 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2008.
- "Anadolu Shipyard Presents LCT & LST Designs to Lebanese Navy Chief". navaltoday.com. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Naval Base on the Shores of Nahr al-Bared Camp". Naharnet Newsdesk. January 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Cérémonie de cession de la vedette française DF41 Avel Gwalarn au Liban" (in French). Ministère de la défense - Marine Nationale. May 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-28.[dead link]
- Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World. 291 Wood Road, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 446. ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2.
- "جدول أعمال جلسة مجلس الوزراء التي ستعقد بتاريخ 8 نيسان 2009" (in Arabic). Lebanon Files. April 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- Goksel, Timur; Bastian Hauck, Hans; Makdisi, Karim; and Reigeluth, Stuart (January 2008). "Germany’s Contribution to Lebanese Sovereignty". DGAP standpunkt (DGAP standpunkt) 1 (January, 2008): 4. Retrieved November 28, 2008. [dead link]
- "Lebanese Navy Order Pharos Long Range Multi-Sensor Surveillance Platform". Advanced Imaging Pro. February 14, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- "Lebanese Navy". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved November 28, 2008.