Lebanese Red Cross
Flag of the Red Cross
|Budget||CHF 7.1 million (2000) |
The Lebanese Red Cross (LRC) (Arabic: الصليب الأحمر اللبناني Al-Ṣalib al-Aḥmar al-Lubnani) is a humanitarian organization and an auxiliary team to the medical service of the Lebanese Army. Its headquarters is in the Lebanese capital city of Beirut. Founded in 1945, the organization comprises a number of approximately 7,000 members/volunteers and 200 staff personnel. The society works with the International Federation and the ICRC, and on a bilateral basis with the Norwegian and the French Red Cross. The LRC also works with the relevant components of the Lebanese authorities, with UN agencies and NGOs.
On account of its Christian majority until an indeterminate point in the third quarter of the 20th century, Lebanon is the only Arab state to use the Red Cross as its symbol; the remainder use the Red Crescent.
The LRC was established on July 9, 1945 as an independent national society. A year later, it was recognized by the State as a public non-profit organization and as an auxiliary team to the medical service of the Lebanese Army. In 1947, it joined the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement which has today affiliates in 175 countries and became a member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies ever since. In addition, the LRC is a founding member of the Secretariat General of the Organization of the Arab Red Crescent and Red Cross Societies.
After the Lebanese Civil War period, the LRC had to reposition its services towards postwar requirements. In 1993, the society established a long-term development plan leading up to 2000, and an extension plan in 2002 (to cover the period up until 2005).
|Ministry of National Defense|
|Lebanese Air Force|
|Lebanese Special Forces|
|Lebanese Red Cross|
|Lebanese Military Personnel|
|Topics of Lebanon|
|Culture - Geography|
|History - Politics|
The mission of the LRC is to spread and promote peace, serve the society, alleviate human pain without any discrimination as to nationality, political commitments or social class. The National Society has a leading national role in first aid and ambulance services, as well as providing blood, primary health, and social services. The Lebanese Red Cross Society is led by volunteers, whose mission is to provide relief to victims of natural and human made disasters, and help people prevent, prepare for and respond to emergencies, and to mitigate the suffering of the most vulnerable. The LRC's mission includes the following programs and units:
- 50 Medical - Social Center
- 37 First Aids centers
- 30 Chapters or local committee
- 26 Youth Clubs
- 13 Mobile Clinics
- 9 Blood Transfusion centers
- 6 Nursing Institutes
- 2 Health Assistant schools
- 1 Orthopedic workshop
The LRC consists of the president, the General Assembly, where the ultimate authority rests, the central committee composed of 42 volunteers members, the Executive Committee composed of 9 member heads of the active departments at the LRC (in addition to the President, the Vice-president and the treasurer).
The LRC also includes the following departments:
- Planning & Development
- Internal Affairs
- Finance & Management
- Supply & Logistics
- Public Relations & Communications
- Medical & Social Services
- Blood Transfusion Banks
- First Aid
Concerning disaster preparedness and response, the LRC first-aid and ambulance teams are the only national ambulance service covering the whole of the Lebanese territory. The service operates 150 ambulances, with 16 permanent staff and 2,000 volunteers on a continuous basis in 38 first-aid centres. Services are managed through a radio communication system from 4 central operation rooms, one in Beirut,one in Tibnin in the south, one in Tripoli, Lebanon and the last in the Bekaa. The first-aid and ambulance organization represents the backbone of emergency medical disaster preparedness in the country. Young volunteers from all religions and social groups are united in their work under the Red Cross emblem.
The Lebanese Red Cross plans to strengthen its position and cover other areas, such as road safety, disaster preparedness, preventive health-care services, and youth and volunteer activities which are essential in order to promote humanitarian values among the new generation of citizens. Thus, in accordance with the International Federation Strategy 2010, the LRC established development plan with annual plans of action in order to reach the objectives. Its major priorities include continuing the implementation of institutional changes based on the organizational development program, focusing on the governance structure by reviewing the organization and establishing a long-term development plan, develop resource management strategies in order to become economically self-sufficient, and to support and further develop the activities and recruitment of volunteers in the National Society through various Red Cross activities and services.
- "Lebanese Red Cross". (pdf) International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "History of LRC" Lebanese Red Cross. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Plan of Action & Appeals - Strategy". Lebanese Red Cross. Retrieved on December 7, 2008.
- "Structure" Lebanese Red Cross. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.