Lebanese people in Ecuador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lebanese people in Ecuador
Abdalá Bucaram Jamil Mahuad Jaime Nebot Valeska Saab
Total population
Various estimates
Regions with significant populations
Guayaquil and Quito
Languages
Spanish, Arabic
Religion
Predominantly Catholic and some Muslim
Related ethnic groups
Arab diaspora

There is a significant number of people of Lebanese background in Ecuador.

Migration history[edit]

Migration from Lebanon to Ecuador started as early as 1875.[1] Early impoverished migrants tended to work as independent sidewalk vendors, rather than as wage workers in agriculture or others' businesses.[2] Though they emigrated to escape Ottoman Turkish oppression, they were called "Turks" by Ecuadorians because they carried Ottoman passports.[1] There were further waves of immigration in the first half of the 20th century; by 1930, there were 577 Lebanese immigrants and 489 of their descendants residing in the country, primarily at Quito and Guayaquil.[3]

Demography[edit]

The number of Lebanese descendants in Ecuador is not too clear. A 1982 estimate from Lebanon's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated 20,000, while another private estimate from 1986 put it as high as 97,500.[4] They reside mostly in Quito and Guayaquil. They are predominantly of the Christian Catholic faith.

Notable people[edit]

People of Lebanese background are very well represented in business and politics of the country. Some of them have reached the presidency and vice-presidency of Ecuador. Their prominence in politics provoked some backlash, with one politician warning of the "Bedouinization" of Ecuador.[5]

  • Julio Teodoro Salem was President for a short interim period in May 1944 before election of José María Velasco Ibarra.
  • Abdalá Bucaram was elected President from August 10, 1996 to February 6, 1997. However he was highly unpopular and Parliament dismissed him because of "mental disability". He was accused also of embezzlement of public funds and replaced by Rosalía Arteaga.
  • Yet a third President of the Republic was Jamil Mahuad. He served from August 10, 1998 to January 21, 2000 when he was forced to resign after a week of demonstrations by indigenous Ecuadorians and a military revolt led by Lucio Gutiérrez.
  • Alberto Dahik, a Finance Minister and member of the Ecuadoran. He was a running mate of Sixto Durán Ballén and upon victory in the elections, served Vice Presidency to Sixto Durán Ballén for period 1992 to 1995

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Torres Chang, Carlos (2006-07-30), "La libanesa, una colonia con historia desde 1875", El Universo, retrieved 2010-01-10 
  2. ^ Roberts 2000, p. 3
  3. ^ Almeida 1997, p. 204
  4. ^ Almeida 1997, p. 206
  5. ^ Roberts 2000, p. 135

Bibliography[edit]