|Motto: The Friendly City|
|• Mayor||Harold "Huck" Lewis (R)|
|• Total||15.58 sq mi (40.35 km2)|
|• Land||15.56 sq mi (40.30 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2) 0.13%|
|Elevation||938 ft (286 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||15,715|
|• Density||1,014.9/sq mi (391.9/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0437719|
Lebanon (commonly pronounced "Leba-nen") is a city in and the county seat of Boone County, Indiana, United States. The population was 15,792 at the 2010 census. The city was named Lebanon because a stand of hickory trees on the site reminded one of the town's commissioners of the Biblical cedars of Lebanon. Lebanon is located in central Indiana, northwest of Indianapolis.
Lebanon is located at (40.052137, -86.471570).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.58 square miles (40.35 km2), of which, 15.56 square miles (40.30 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,792 people, 6,433 households, and 4,049 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,014.9 inhabitants per square mile (391.9 /km2). There were 7,057 housing units at an average density of 453.5 per square mile (175.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.
There were 6,433 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,222 people, 5,834 households, and 3,780 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,952.9 people per square mile (754.3/km²). There were 6,202 housing units at an average density of 851.6 per square mile (328.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.33% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.
There were 5,834 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,791, and the median income for a family was $47,769. Males had a median income of $35,614 versus $22,791 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,245. About 4.4% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of seven members. Five are elected from individual districts. Two are elected at-large.
Former Mayor Jim Acton (Democratic Party) did not file to run for a fifth term, which left the 2007 election open to new candidates.
The last mayoral election occurred in November 2007. The candidates were: Republican John Lasley, President of the Lebanon City-Council, Democrat Roger Neal, Lebanon Community School Corporation School Board member and former Lebanon Parks and Recreation Director, and independent candidate George Piper who formerly was an editor at The Lebanon Reporter, which is Boone County's largest newspaper.
Republican City Council President John Lasley won the election with 48% of the vote, to Democrat Roger Neal's 27% and Independent George Piper's 25%.
30% of registered voters cast votes in the 2007 election.
Lasley died on May 2, 2009. He was battling a recurrence of cancer since December. City Council President Dick Robertson assumed the mayoral duties until the Republican Party precinct chairpersons met to choose Harold "Huck" Lewis as his successor.
Despite having recently elected Democratic mayors, Lebanon can be considered to be highly Republican when it comes to national and state politics. In the 2008 election, Boone County (the county in which Lebanon is located) voted 62% for Republican presidential candidate John McCain and more than 80% for Republican gubernatorial candidate Mitch Daniels.
Lebanon is the home of the Historic Cragun House. Built in 1893, it was once the home of Strange Nathaniel Cragun and his family. The family travelled the world, and their house is now a living history museum full of the pieces they collected from their travels as well as original furniture from the dwelling. This Victorian home is owned and maintained by the Boone County Historical Society and serves as headquarters for the organization.  The Cragun House was recently added to the National Register of Historic Places. 
Lebanon Community School Corporation has six schools under its jurisdiction: four elementary schools, a middle school and a high school. Lebanon High School has won 6 education awards in the past 10 years.
Major employers in Lebanon include General Foam Plastics, Hachette Book Group USA, Hendrickson International, the Parkwood Health Care Center and CNH America (Case New Holland) and Witham Health Services.
- Rick Mount, 1966 Indiana "Mr. Basketball" award recipient, former Purdue basketball player, member of the 1972 ABA Championship Indiana Pacers team.
- Craig Terrill, former Purdue football player, former defensive tackle for the Seattle Seahawks in the NFL.
- Mel Kenyon, hall of fame midget car driver.
- Doug Jones, former relief pitcher and All-Star in Major League Baseball
- Kent Poole, played the role of "Merle" in the 1986 movie Hoosiers, had a role in the 1988 movie Fresh Horses.
- Jeff C. Young, Spur Award winning author of nonfiction books for young readers.
- Ken "Fitz" Fitzgerald - Purdue University, legendary local and talented engineer best known for his work at Indianapolis Motor Speedway leading to innovative changes in auto racing broadcasts.
- Uncle Johnny Coons, host of a children's show broadcast from Chicago. The show went national for one season in 1955. He was born in Lebanon in 1916 and attended Lebanon High School.
- Three time Emmy nominated Visual Effects Compositor, Sherry Hitch, known for her work at Industrial Light & Magic in San Francisco, CA. Her credits include Pirates of the Caribbean (2003, 2006), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005), Star Trek (film) (2009), and Avatar (2009 film).
- Sylvia Likens, 1949 Murder victim. Sylvia was born in Lebanon and was murdered in Indianapolis in 1965 when she was 16 by Gertrude Baniszewski with the help of her children and other neighborhood children.
- Herman B Wells, former President of Indiana University. Wells attended Lebanon High School and worked as a bank teller at his father's bank in Lebanon for several years.
- "Welcome to the Mayor's Office". City of Lebanon, Indiana. Retrieved 2011-05-31.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Lebanon, Indiana - History". City of Lebanon, Indiana. Retrieved 2011-05-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Thomas, Phyllis. Off The Beaten Path Indiana. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- FAA Airport Master Record for 6I4 ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
- Uncle Johnny Coons at the Internet Movie Database
- Sherry Hitch at the Internet Movie Database
- Wells, Herman (1980). Being Lucky. Indiana University Press.