Lebanon, Tennessee

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For other places with the same name, see Lebanon (disambiguation).
Lebanon, Tennessee
City
Lebanon's Town Square
Lebanon's Town Square
Nickname(s): "Cedar-City"
Location of Lebanon, Tennessee
Location of Lebanon, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°12′29″N 86°19′35″W / 36.20806°N 86.32639°W / 36.20806; -86.32639Coordinates: 36°12′29″N 86°19′35″W / 36.20806°N 86.32639°W / 36.20806; -86.32639
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Wilson
Incorporated 1801[1]
Named for Cedars of Lebanon
Area
 • Total 38.63 sq mi (99.93 km2)
 • Land 38.5 sq mi (99.59 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 528 ft (161 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 28,408
 • Density 677.9/sq mi (262/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 37087, 37088, 37090
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-41520[2]
GNIS feature ID 1290901[3]
Website City of Lebanon, Tennessee

Lebanon /ˈlɛbnən/ is a city in and the county seat of Wilson County, Tennessee, United States.[4]

The population was 26,190 at the 2010 census and 28,608 in 2013.

Lebanon is located in Middle Tennessee, approximately 25 miles (40 km) east of downtown Nashville. Lebanon is part of the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The city was incorporated in 1801,[5] and was named the biblical cedars of Lebanon.[6] Local residents have called Lebanon "Cedar-City", mostly a reference to the abundance of cedar trees in the area. The city is home to Cumberland University, a small, private four-year liberal arts institution.

Geography[edit]

Lebanon is located at 36°12′29″N 86°19′35″W / 36.20806°N 86.32639°W / 36.20806; -86.32639 (36.207991, -86.326300).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.63 square miles (100.1 km2), of which 38.5 square miles (100 km2) is land and 0.03% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Lebanon City Hall in Lebanon, TN
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,554
1870 2,073
1880 2,296 10.8%
1890 1,883 −18.0%
1900 1,956 3.9%
1910 3,659 87.1%
1920 4,084 11.6%
1930 4,656 14.0%
1940 5,950 27.8%
1950 7,913 33.0%
1960 10,512 32.8%
1970 12,492 18.8%
1980 11,872 −5.0%
1990 15,208 28.1%
2000 20,235 33.1%
2010 26,190 29.4%
Est. 2012 27,710 5.8%
Sources:[8][9]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 20,235 people, 7,987 households, and 5,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 692.0 people per square mile (267.2/km²). There were 8,693 housing units at an average density of 297.3 per square mile (114.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.89% White, 13.78% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.

There were 7,987 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,118, and the median income for a family was $45,094. Males had a median income of $31,207 versus $24,420 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,366. About 9.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Corporations[edit]

  • Lochinvar Corporation, a water products manufacturer, is based in Lebanon.[11]
  • The city threatened to sue Dell Inc. for eliminating 700 of the 1,000 jobs the company proferred as part of a tax deal on which the company later reneged.[12]

Arts and culture[edit]

Lebanon is host to the annual Wilson County Fair, which is considered by Busy Bee Trader Magazine (based in Greenbrier, TN) to be the best County Fair in Tennessee. The Wilson County Fair has been listed as one of the top 50 fairs in North America by attendance in 2008, 2009, and 2010.

The Fair has also been named as one of the top events to attend by Southeastern Tourism and voted "the Best Fair" by the Middle Tennessee Electric Membership Corporation.[13] It has paid attendance more than double that of the Tennessee State Fair.[14]

Sports[edit]

Nashville Superspeedway is located outside of Lebanon.

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • Lebanon Democrat, published Monday through Saturday
  • Wilson Post, published twice a week

Radio[edit]

  • WANT 98.9 FM [1], country music/local sports and affairs
  • WCOR 1490 AM (simulcast of WANT)
  • WRVW 107.5 FM [2], is licensed to Lebanon but primarily serves Nashville.

Television[edit]

  • WJFB 66, general/local programming
  • WRTN 6, general/local programming

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 40 runs just south of the city, which is the major corridor between Nashville and Knoxville. Tennessee State Route 840 connects I-40 to I-24 and I-65.

Railroad freight service is provided by the Nashville and Eastern Railroad short line.

Commuter rail service to Nashville began service in 2006 via the Music City Star. Lebanon is the eastern terminus of the Music City Star commuter rail service which runs via scheduled service Mon-Fri. There are two times when trains operate outside the normal service. July 4th fireworks at Riverfront Park calls for a special event train. In addition, when the Tennessee Titans play at home, a special service called Game-Day Express operates.[15]

Rail service began in 1871 with the now defunct Tennessee & Pacific Railroad, which ran to Nashville. The last original passenger train departed Lebanon in 1935.

Lebanon has a municipal airport referenced by FAA Identifier M54. Operating two runways, M54's main runway is asphalt. Runway 1/19 is 5,000 by 100 feet (1,524 by 30 m). Runway 4/22 is turf 1,801 by 150 feet (549 by 46 m).[16]

Education[edit]

The Lebanon Special School District encompasses four elementary schools and two middle schools. Wilson County Schools operates several additional primary and secondary schools in and around Lebanon, including Wilson Central High School and the newly reconstructed Lebanon High School.[17] Lebanon also has two private schools, Friendship Christian School and McClain Christian Academy.

Lebanon is also home to Cumberland University which was founded in 1842. Cumberland University has a rich heritage and has produced over eighty Congressmen and Senators such as Albert Gore, Sr. and Thomas Gore. The institution has also produced a Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Cordell Hull, who served as Secretary of State from March 1933 - November 1944.[18]

Notable people[edit]

Film production[edit]

Lebanon is featured in Death Proof, directed by Quentin Tarantino, as the setting for the second half of the film, although none of the scenes were actually filmed in Lebanon. In the theatrical release (as part of the double feature Grindhouse), only the newspaper held and referenced by the character "Zoe" gives away the location. In the September 2007 DVD release, the action's location is revealed by a title card and multiple references by several characters. Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, and has referenced his home state in other films.

Lebanon is also featured in Miranda Lambert's "Famous in a Small Town" music video.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Lebanon, Tennessee". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Lebanon, Tennessee, TN". ePodunk. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Small Towns, Big Companies - AOL Money & Finance
  11. ^ LOchinvar Corp. website
  12. ^ Dell Inc. and outsourcing of jobs
  13. ^ Carnival Warehouse 2008 Top 50 Fairs
  14. ^ Board thinking about state fair options
  15. ^ http://www.musiccitystar.org/ Visited August 5, 2012
  16. ^ AirNav: M54 - Lebanon Municipal Airport visited April 27, 2009
  17. ^ Jensen, Heather (Mar 12, 2012). "Crews continue work on new Lebanon High School". Nashville, Tennessee: WKRN. 
  18. ^ "Cumberland University About Page". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "Thomas Erby Kilby". Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 

External links[edit]