Lebanon Historic District (Lebanon, Illinois)

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Lebanon Historic District
Victorian home restored.JPG
A restored Victorian home in the Lebanon Historic District.
Lebanon Historic District (Lebanon, Illinois) is located in Illinois
Lebanon Historic District (Lebanon, Illinois)
Location Irregular pattern centered along St. Louis and Belleville Sts., Lebanon, Illinois
Coordinates 38°36′12″N 89°48′41″W / 38.60333°N 89.81139°W / 38.60333; -89.81139Coordinates: 38°36′12″N 89°48′41″W / 38.60333°N 89.81139°W / 38.60333; -89.81139
Area 129 acres (52 ha)
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 78003113[1]
Added to NRHP October 4, 1978

The Lebanon Historic District is a historic district composed of the areas of Lebanon, Illinois, developed prior to 1900. The district includes five distinct areas of Lebanon: the city's main commercial district, the neighborhood around McKendree University, two residential districts, and an archaeological site at the city limits. Development in Lebanon began in the 1820s, and McKendree University was founded in 1828. The oldest building from this period, the Mermaid House Hotel, is a Federal structure dating to 1830. The city received an influx of German immigrants from the 1830s onward, which affected the city's development. In the 1850s and 1860s, a railroad opened in the city and several local industries developed; however, the city retained the character of a small college town and never developed into an industrial or trade center.[2]

The historic district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 4, 1978.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Wagner, Robert (August 9, 1977). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Lebanon Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved February 14, 2014.