Lebesby

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This article is about the municipality in Finnmark, Norway. For the village with the same name, see Lebesby (village).
Lebesby kommune
Davvesiidda gielda
Lebespyyn komuuni
Municipality
Lebesby Ifjordfjellet.JPG
Coat of arms of Lebesby kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lebesby kommune
Finnmark within
Norway
Lebesby within Finnmark
Lebesby within Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°56′43″N 27°21′4″E / 70.94528°N 27.35111°E / 70.94528; 27.35111Coordinates: 70°56′43″N 27°21′4″E / 70.94528°N 27.35111°E / 70.94528; 27.35111
Country Norway
County Finnmark
District Øst-Finnmark
Administrative centre Kjøllefjord
Government
 • Mayor (2010) Stine Akselsen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 3,457.76 km2 (1,335.05 sq mi)
 • Land 3,231.92 km2 (1,247.85 sq mi)
 • Water 225.84 km2 (87.20 sq mi)
Area rank 8 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,341 (Increase from last year)
 • Rank 373 in Norway
 • Density 0.39/km2 (1.0/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -9.0 %
Demonym Lebesbyværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-2022
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.lebesby.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Lebesby (Northern Sami: Davvesiidda and Kven: Lebespyyn) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Kjøllefjord. Other villages in the municipality include Ifjord, Kunes, Lebesby, and Veidnes.

The municipality consists of the western half of the Nordkinn Peninsula, along with areas around the Laksefjorden. Most people live in the village of Kjøllefjord. This municipality is dominated by ethnic Norwegians, whereas the areas around the Laksefjorden are predominantly Sami. Fishing is the mainstay of the population.

General information[edit]

Map of Lebesby

The parish of Lebesby was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1864, the eastern part of Lebesby that surrounds the Tanafjorden (population: 1,388) was separated to become the new municipality of Tana. Tana was later separated into Tana, Gamvik, and Berlevåg. The borders of Lebesby have remain unchanged since that time.[2]

Name[edit]

Lebesby is may be a Norwegianized form of a Northern Sami name Leaibbessiida. The first element is then derived from leaibi which means "alder" and the last element is siida which means "dwelling place" (Norwegian: by). The other possible option is the at Lebesby is a corruption of the Old Norse Liðvarðsbýr. That name is made up of Liðvarð, a man's name, and býr which also means "dwelling place" (Norwegian: by).[3][4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 22 July 1988. The arms are divided yellow over black by two embattlements. The idea is that the arms represent the Finnkirka ("the Finn Church"), a cliff by the sea in the municipality. This cliff formation has the appearance of a church, and in former times was used by Sami people as a place of sacrifice.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Lebesby. It is part of the Hammerfest deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Lebesby
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Kjøllefjord Kjøllefjord Church Kjøllefjord 1951
Lebesby Lebesby Church Lebesby 1962
Kunes Chapel Kunes 1982

Geography[edit]

View of the Finnkirka mountain

The municipality consists of the areas around the Laksefjorden, including the eastern part of the Sværholt Peninsula and the western half of the Nordkinn Peninsula. At the entrance to the Kjøllefjorden at the northwestern tip of the Nordkinn Peninsula, one finds the spectacular Finnkirka sea cliff, so named because of its soaring spires that look like a church. On the other side of the Oksefjorden on the northern end of the peninsula, the Kinnarodden cape (shared with the municipality of Gamvik) is the northernmost point on the European mainland. There are several large lakes in the municipality including Kjæsvannet, Store Måsvann, and Suolojávri.

Birdlife[edit]

The same seacliffs mentioned above hold large numbers of breeding seabirds. In fact Norway's third largest seabird colony can be found in the municipality. Experiencing a seabird colony is one of nature's great experiences, here you can see and listen to thousands of birds with such species as Fulmar and Atlantic Puffin being a part of a fascinating ecosystem.

Flora[edit]

The world's northernmost birch forest is located in this municipality, near Oksefjorden, 9 km east of Kjøllefjord (70°58′N 27°34′E / 70.967°N 27.567°E / 70.967; 27.567)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 214. 
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Lebesby" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  5. ^ "Kommunevåpen". Flags of the World. 28 June 2002. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  6. ^ Verdens nordligste skog (Norwegian)

External links[edit]