|Place of origin:|
|Algeria and Middle East|
|Recipes at Wikibooks:|
|Media at Wikimedia Commons:|
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||1,493 kJ (357 kcal)|
|- Dietary fiber||7.74 g|
|- saturated||0.74 g|
|Percentages are roughly approximated
using US recommendations for adults.
Leblebi (Turkish: leblebi, Persian: نخودچی Nokhodchi) is a kind of snack made from roasted chickpeas, very common and popular in Algeria, Iran and Turkey. It is sometimes roasted with salt, hot spices or dried cloves. There is also a candy coated variety. Particularly, leblebi of Çorum and Elmalı are famous.
Chickpeas that are used for leblebi processing must conform to some important quality criteria such as shape, size, color, and harvesting time. The shape, size, and color of chickpeas vary according to cultivars. Generally, large-seeded (8 –9 mm in diameter and 30.0 –50.0 g of 100 kernel weight), lighter-colored, round, and smooth- surface kabuli chickpeas are preferred and appropriate for leblebi processing. Also, the chickpea must have a thick seed coat and the hull must be easy to remove from kernels during leblebi processing. Furthermore, harvesting time affects the tempering process of chickpeas and quality of the final product. Eventually, cleaning and classification of chickpeas due to their size are important stages of leblebi processing. Foreign materials as well as undeveloped, damaged, shrunken, and broken chickpea seeds have to be removed during these processes to enhance quality and yield.
There are two different kinds of leblebi: dehulled leblebi (Sarı Leblebi and Girit Leblebi) and nondehulled leblebi (Beyaz Leblebi and Sakız Leblebi) in different parts of Anatolia. It was known in Anatolia for centuries, and from there it was introduced to North Africa, the Middle East, Europe, and some Asian countries by Turkish people. In Turkey, a significant amount of leblebi is produced and exported. Also, some Middle Eastern countries produce small amounts of leblebi. The main leblebi-producing region is Çorum. Furthermore, there are many more local leblebi types that are produced and consumed in very small amounts in some regions of Turkey and called depending on local customers Ağın Leblebi, çorum Leblebi, and Mardin Leblebi.
The origins of leblebi date back to 1000–1300 years A.D —nearly 1000 years of background history. It has been eaten since Ottoman Empire times in Turkey. Despite this, the literature related to the origin of leblebi, its processing characteristics, composition,and nutritive value is scarce. Although, leblebi mainly originated in Turkey, exact details of leblebi production are not well known.
The methods of leblebi production were handed down from father to son. Thus, the steps in leblebi production and the equipment used may be quite different between different producers. Processing equipment for leblebi production can be summarized as
- cleaning and grading equipment and
- heating equipment.
Also, the steps for all different kinds of leblebi production can be summarized as
- cleaning and grading,
- tempering (preheating and resting),
- roasting, and
Leblebi could have come from the word leblab  in Arabic, which is a kind of ivy with edible seeds, thus 'leblebi' is 'made from leblab'. However, it could also come from Persian word leb, meaning lip, and suffix -i, thus making leblebi, 'made for lips and lips'.
In Tunisia, leblebi (also, lablabi) is a popular dish, more often eaten in leblebi shops called "Hanoot Leblebi" (hanoot is Tunisian for shop), it consists of boiled chickpeas and old bread, harissa, olive oil, olives, garlic, cumin, salt, lemon juice, often egg and optionally vinegar, capers and/or canned tuna fish. In the region of Bizerte, it is also consumed as a sandwich. It is generally consumed in the morning, especially in cold weather.
Armenian composer Dikran Tchouhadjian (1837-1898) has composed an operetta named Leblebidji Hor-Hor Agha (The Chickpea Vendor) in 1875.
- Bilgir, B.(1976).Türk leblebilerinin yapılışı ve bileşimi üzerinde araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları. No:232, Bornova İzmir:Ege Üniversitesi Matbaası,106.
- Leblebi: a Roasted Chickpea Product as a Traditional Turkish Snack Food, Food Reviews International, Vol 20, Number 3/2004, pages 257 - 274, (2004).
- Comparison of physical properties of raw and roasted chickpeas (leblebi), Food Research International, Vol 31; Number 9, pages 659-665, (1999).