Lebret, Saskatchewan

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Lebret, Saskatchewan
Village
Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church
Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church
Lebret, Saskatchewan is located in Saskatchewan
Lebret, Saskatchewan
Lebret, Saskatchewan
Location of Lebret in Saskatchewan
Coordinates: 50°45′25.66″N 103°42′10.20″W / 50.7571278°N 103.7028333°W / 50.7571278; -103.7028333
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Region Southwest Saskatchewan
Census division 6
Rural Municipality North Qu'Appelle
Established 1880
Government
 • Mayor Grant Vipond
 • Acting Administrator Kelly Dodd
 • Governing body Lebret Village Council
Area
 • Total 1.40 km2 (0.54 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 207
 • Density 154.1/km2 (399/sq mi)
Time zone CST
Postal code S0G 2Y0
Area code(s) 306
Highways Highway 56
Waterways Katepwa Lake
Mission Lake
[1][2][3][4]

Lebret is a village situated on Mission Lake in the Qu'Appelle Valley in North Qu'Appelle Rural Municipality No. 187, Saskatchewan, Canada. The population was 203 at the 2006 Census. The village is located on Highway 56, about 70 km (43 mi) northeast of Regina. It was named after "the parish priest, Father Louis Lebret, who became the first postmaster of the community and, although he only held the position for a little more than six months, the office was named Lebret and the name became that of the community."[5]

History[edit]

Lebret in 1921 from just northeast on the same side of the lake.

The site of Lebret first came to non-First Nations outside attention in 1814 when Abbé Provencher visited. A further such visit occurred when Abbé Picard from Pembina arrived in 1841 and wintered with John McDonald, previously of the North-West Company;[6] the next record of visit is of Bishop Taché passing through in 1864 en route to Ile á la Crosse, returning with a party and staying in Fort Qu’Appelle and choosing the site which later became the village of Lebret for the Catholic mission, established the next year in 1866 as one of the earliest in what became the Province of Saskatchewan in 1905.[6]

It “became the main centre of Catholicism for the Métis and First Nations people in the region and a base for Oblate priests who travelled the southern plains to points such as Wood Mountain and the Cypress Hills."[5] The federal government financed a Catholic residential school which started in 1884and the first post office was opened in 1886, named Lebret which was given to the community. The Sisters of Our Lady of the Missions arrived in 1899 and founded Saint Gabriel’s Convent in 1906.[5]

The village was incorporated in 1912 and the fieldstone Sacred Heart Church built in 1925.[5] Churchgoing vastly waned among the Baby-Boom Generation to all but fundamentalist denominations beginning in the mid-1960s but full-house concerts were held in Sacred Heart Church by choirs of the nearby Saskatchewan Summer School of the Arts in Fort San. This ceased when the Summer School closed in 1991 due to lack of funding.[7]

The stations of the cross on the hill were erected in 1929.

In 1929 the landmark stations of the cross and the small chapel shrine on the hill overlooking Lebret were erected. Until the latter half of the 20th century Lebret was an important religious and educational centre. In addition to the residential school and the convent, there was a public school, and the Oblates established a theological training centre, Sacred Heart Scholasticate, on the south side of Mission Lake.

The scholasticate closed in the 1960s, the convent in the 1970s and the public school in 1980, its pupils transferring to Fort Qu’Appelle. The residential school was signed over to a First Nations school board in October 1973, at a ceremony presided over by the then Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Chrétien. The school, which eventually became known as White Calf Collegiate, closed in 1998.[5]

It is still stated, though with its continuing relevance not dwelled upon, that "French Canadians continued to supplement the Métis in the Qu’Appelle Valley" and that "[t]he mission at Lebret was established in 1866...."[8][9]

Today, Lebret remains a picturesque, yet very quiet, community[5] with Fort Qu'Appelle now relatively unique in retaining its vitality and even sometimes increasing in population while other towns once of equal significance and size steadily dwindle in population and economic activity.

Demograghics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Local businesses include Warren G's Grocery, Too Good to Be Threw, Calling Lakes Inn, an Antique store, and Red Road gift shop. At various times during the village's history, there were numerous businesses including a gas station, a diner, a grain elevator, Pawn Shop, Ice Cream store, Hardware Store, and several others. [12]

Image Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net, Post Offices and Postmasters 
  2. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home, Municipal Directory System [dead link]
  3. ^ Canadian Textiles Institute. (2005), CTI Determine your provincial constituency 
  4. ^ Commissioner of Canada Elections, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada (2005), Elections Canada On-line 
  5. ^ a b c d e f http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/lebret.html David McLennan, “Lebret” in The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Viewed 14 October 2012.
  6. ^ a b http://www.fortquappelle.com/hist.html “A Short History of Fort Qu'Appelle and Area,” “Lebret.” Viewed 14 October 2012.
  7. ^ Qu'Appelle - Stories From the San
  8. ^ http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/french_settlements.html Alan Anderson, “French Settlements” in The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Viewed 14 October 2012.
  9. ^ Adamson, Julia (16 Feb 2013). "Saskatchewan Roman Catholic Churches ~ Online Parish Registers ~ History". Saskatchewan Gen Web. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  10. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  11. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  12. ^ Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data

External links[edit]