Lech (Bohemian prince)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Lech [lex] (died 805), sometimes written as Lecho or Becho, is one of the earliest named rulers in early Slavic Bohemia. It is sometimes disputed that the word is a title (equivalent to Voivoda) rather than a name. The first reference to him is in the 805 entry of Annales Regni Francorum when Charles, son of Charlemagne, was sent to Bohemia to pacify the Slavs and according to the chronicle "laid waste to the country and killed their leader named Lecho".[1] It is doubtful that Lecho ruled the whole territory now known as Bohemia. It probably consisted of more or less independent tribes,[2] perhaps with some vassalage relationships with the emerging Great Moravia. The creation of early medieval Bohemian state probably occurred no sooner than at the end of the 9th century under Bořivoj, Spytihněv or perhaps even later dukes of the Přemyslid dynasty.

The name Lech is also attributed in some early Slavic foundation myths to the legendary founder of Poland.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Qui omnem illorum patriam depopulatus ducem eorum nomine Lechonem occidit".Annales Regni Francorum, online: http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/annalesregnifrancorum.html
  2. ^ Dušan Třeštík, Vznik Velké Moravy. Moravané, Čechové a střední Evropa v letech 791-871. Praha 2001, s. 116, ISBN 80-7106-482-3
  3. ^ Gerard Labuda, Organizacje państwowe Słowian zachodnich w okresie kształtowania się państwa polskiego (od VI do połowy X wieku), [in] Początki Państwa Polskiego. Księga Tysiąclecia, t. 1, Poznań 1962, s. 49; H. Łowmiański, Początki Polski, t. 4, Warszawa 1970, s. 399