Lechatelierite is silica glass, amorphous SiO2. One common way in which lechatelierite forms naturally is by very high temperature melting of quartz sand during a lightning strike. The result is an irregular, branching, often foamy hollow tube of silica glass called a fulgurite.
Lechatelierite also forms as the result of high pressure shock metamorphism during meteorite impact cratering and is a common component of a type of glassy ejecta called tektites. Most tektites are blobs of impure glassy material, but tektites from the Sahara Desert in Libya and Egypt, known as Libyan desert glass, are composed of almost pure silica, that is almost pure lechatelierite. High pressure experiments have shown that shock pressures of 85 GPa are needed to produce lechatelierite in quartz grains embedded in granite. 
Lechatelierite was formed during the impact of a meteorite into a layer of Coconino Sandstone at Meteor Crater in Arizona. It was puffed up to more than twice its size by steam and can now float on water.
- Mineral Galleries retrieved June 4, 2005.
- Webmineral retrieved June 4, 2005.
- C. Schrand and A. Deutsch, 1998, FORMATION OF LECHATELIERITE AND IMPACT MELT GLASSES IN EXPERIMETALLY SHOCKED ROCKS, Lunar and Planetary Science XXIX 1671.pdf retrieved June 4, 2005.
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