Leckhampton is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1086) as 'Lechametone' and 'Lechantone', meaning 'homestead where garlic or leeks are grown'. The earliest recorded mention comes from the 8th century, as the home farm of the royal manor of Cheltenham.
The old village of Leckhampton stands at the foot of Leckhampton Hill, around the medieval parish church of St. Peter's. During the 19th and 20th centuries, there was residential development in the direction of Cheltenham.
Between 1881 and 1962, Leckhampton had its own railway station with services on both the Great Western Railway line between Cheltenham and Banbury and on the north-south Midland and South Western Junction Railway. Until 1930, Leckhampton was served by the tramcars of the Cheltenham and District Light Railway.
On the hill still stands the ruins of the old quarry. You can still see the remains of the old lime kilns, and there are old railway tracks all over the hill. Leckhampton Hill, together with Charlton Kings Common, is designated an SSSI by Natural England.
The Leckhampton Riots
In 1894, Henry J Dale of the Leckhampton Quarry Company Limited bought 26 acres (110,000 m2) of land on Leckhampton hill. To the outrage of local people, he fenced off the area, closing footpaths and warning that anyone found on the land would be treated as trespassers. He also built Tramway Cottage on Daisybank Road, a site that had been used for a funfair every Good Friday.
In March 1902, about 10,000 protesters tore down the fences and converged on Daisybank Road where they destroyed the cottage. The ringleaders were arrested and sent to Gloucester Prison. Henry Dale rebuilt Tramway Cottage but in 1906 another large group of protesters demolished Dale's fences and gathered at Daisybank Road with the intention of demolishing it again. This time, they were met by the town magistrate (G. B. Witts) and a number of policemen. The magistrate read the Riot Act and, once more, the ringleaders were sent to prison.
The protesters' leaders had met at the Malvern Inn (now a private house in Leckhampton Rd opposite the end of Church Rd), a fact commemorated by a plaque on the wall of the house. The Inn ceased trading in the 1990s. It had a sign portraying a view of the Malverns with the Devil's Chimney in the foreground.
In 1929, Cheltenham Town Council bought the land on the hillside, making it available once more for public access.
The Leckhampton community
Leckhampton Village Hall, formerly the Parish Hall of St. Peter's Church, is a grade 2 listed building in Church Road. It provides a base for community activities, amateur dramatics (Leckhampton Players) and dance classes (Leckhampton Tappers). Following a major fundraising effort, the roof was replaced in 2009 at a cost of some £90,000.
The main shopping area for Leckhampton residents is the Bath Road, a mile or so north of the old village centre.
The Old Patesians R.F.C. is based at the foot of the hill.
The Leckhampton sub-Post Office (on the corner of Church Rd and Leckhampton Rd) was closed around 2000 and reverted to a general store. The nearest offices are in Bath Rd (about 2 km) and Charlton Kings (about 3 km).
The oldest church in Leckhampton is St. Peter's.
The expansion of Leckhampton towards Cheltenham resulted in the building of two more churches, the Victorian Gothic St. Philip and St. James and the mid-20th-century Emmanuel Church (founded in the late 19th Century as a mission from St Lukes Church). St Peter's, St Philip & St James and Emmanuel are linked with St Christopher's (Warden Hill) and St Stephen's (Tivoli) in the Anglican South Cheltenham Team - in the process of formation (2009). Leckhampton is also served by Bethesda Methodist Church, Leckhampton Baptist Church, Naunton Lane Chapel (Evangelical Presbyterian Church from 2010) and Providence Chapel.
The local primary schools are Leckhampton Church of England School and Naunton Park School.
Leckhampton Cricket Club
Leckhampton Cricket Club was established in 2006.
The Delancey Rehabilitation and Assessment Hospital (originally a fever hospital, named after its benefactor) is located on Charlton Lane (closed 2009, with the site built on in 2012. The original main building has been retained with internal alterations). The building and grounds have recently been redeveloped into housing, completed in 2013. The Charlton Lane centre is nearby, as well as a Leonard Cheshire home.
Near the top of Leckhampton Hill stands a noted limestone rock formation known as the Devil's Chimney. It is believed that the chimney was created by limestone quarrymen.
In the south of Leckhampton lies the small residential area of Pilley. The former railway line at Pilley Bridge is now a Cheltenham Borough Council nature reserve.
- H. C. Darby; G. R. Versey (2008). Domesday Gazetteer. Domesday Geography of England (reprint ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 153. ISBN 0-521-07858-X.
- "History of Leckhampton and Bath Road". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Anthony Emery (2006). Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: Southern England. Cambridge University Press. pp. 111–113. ISBN 0-521-58132-X.
- Natural England information on Leckhampton Hill and Charlton Kings Common SSSI including map information
- Leckhampton Village Hall
- The Wheatsheaf Public House
- Brian Jones
- Leckhampton Court. For an architectural description, see The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean, by David Verey; 1970 edition p285
- Sir Henry C. Burdett (1893). Hospitals and asylums of the world: their origin, history, construction, administration, management, and legislation; with plans of the chief medical institutions accurately drawn to a uniform scale, in addition to those of all the hospitals of London in the jubilee year ... 4. Taylor & Francis. p. 265.
- Pilley Bridge Nature Reserve
- Eric Miller (2011). Leckhampton Court: Manor House to Hospice. Troubadour Publishing. ISBN 1-84876-640-8.