Leduc, Alberta

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Leduc
City
City of Leduc
Flag of Leduc
Flag
Coat of arms of Leduc
Coat of arms
Motto: "Integritas Unitas Firmitas"  (Latin)
"Integrity, Unity, Strength"
Leduc is located in Alberta
Leduc
Leduc
Location of Leduc in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°15′34″N 113°32′57″W / 53.25944°N 113.54917°W / 53.25944; -113.54917Coordinates: 53°15′34″N 113°32′57″W / 53.25944°N 113.54917°W / 53.25944; -113.54917
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Edmonton Capital Region
Census division 11
Incorporated [1]
 - Village 

December 15, 1899
 - Town December 15, 1906
 - City September 1, 1983
Government[2]
 • Mayor Greg Krischke
 • Governing body
 • Manager Paul Benedetto
 • MP James Rajotte
 • MLA George Rogers
Area (2011)[3]
 • Total 42.23 km2 (16.31 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 730 m (2,400 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 24,279
 • Density 656.7/km2 (1,701/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2014) 28,583[5]
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
Postal code span T9E
Area code(s) +1-780
Highways Queen Elizabeth II Highway
Website Official website

Leduc /ləˈdk/ is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. It is located 33 kilometres (21 mi) south of the provincial capital of Edmonton and is part of the Edmonton Capital Region metropolitan area.

History[edit]

Leduc was first established in 1899, when Robert Telford, a settler, bought land near a lake which would later bear his name. It was on that piece of land where the new settlement would take root. Telford previously served as an officer for the North-West Mounted Police, and later became Leduc's first postmaster, first general merchantman and first justice of the peace. The establishment of the Calgary & Edmonton railroad, later acquired by the CPR, opened the region to settlement. The first train stopped at Leduc in July 1891.

There are two versions of how Leduc got its name. According to popular local legend, the city's name was decided in 1890 when a settler (McKinlay) setting up a telegraph office needed a name for the new settlement and decided that it would be named after the first person who came through the door of the telegraph office. That person was Father Hippolyte Leduc, a priest who had served the area since 1867. In another, more official, version, the Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories, Edgar Dewdney (1835–1916) decided that Telford Place should be renamed at the time the railroad terminal was established in 1891, and picked the name of the missionary priest.

Leduc was first incorporated as a village in 1899, and went on to become officially a town in 1906. It became a city in 1983. By that time its population had reached 12,000.

The town continued to grow quietly over the decades and Alberta's historical oil strike on February 13, 1947, was made near the town at the Leduc No. 1 oil well.[6]

Geography[edit]

Leduc has a wide variety of parks and sports amenities. Leduc has more than 35 km (21.7 mi) of multiuse pathways.[7] On the east end of the city lies Telford Lake, and just to the east is Saunders Lake.

  • Alexandra Park Ponds
  • Coady Lake
  • Leduc Reservoir
  • Telford Lake
  • West Point Lake

Climate[edit]

Leduc experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).[8]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the City of Leduc according to its 2014 municipal census is 28,583, a 4.9% change from its 2013 municipal census population of 27,241.[5]

In the 2011 Census, the City of Leduc had a population of 24,279 living in 9,290 of its 9,789 total dwellings, a 43.1% change from its 2006 population of 16,967. With a land area of 36.97 km2 (14.27 sq mi), it had a population density of 656.7/km2 (1,700.9/sq mi) in 2011.[3] The 2011 census also indicated that Leduc was ranked as the municipality with the ninth-highest population growth between 2006 and 2011.[31] Following its 2014 annexation, Statistics Canada adjusted Leduc's 2011 population by an additional 25 people to 24,304.[32]

According to the 2011 municipal census, males and females each accounted for 50% of the population.[33] The average age was 35, while residents aged 19 or younger represented 27% of the population.[33]

In 2006, Leduc had a population of 16,967 living in 6,718 dwellings, a 12.9% increase from its 2001 population of 15,032.[34] The city has a land area of 36.97 km2 (14.27 sq mi) and a population density of 458.9 /km2 (1,189 /sq mi).[34]

Economy[edit]

The City of Leduc is a founding member of the Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association, an economic development partnership that markets Alberta's International Region[35] in proximity to the Edmonton International Airport.[36] The city forms part of this international transportation and economic region. It is located on the CANAMEX Trade Corridor at the intersection of two Canadian Pacific Railway lines and is adjacent to the Edmonton International Airport. These provide transportation links to the petrochemical activities in Alberta's Industrial Heartland, the Fort McMurray area, and other economic hubs.

The oil and gas industry has long been the base of Leduc's economy. The Leduc Business Park, which is located in the northern portion of the city, contains more than 1,400 businesses.[37] The Nisku Industrial Park, located to the north within Leduc County, also contains many businesses.

Arts and culture[edit]

Leduc is home to The Maclab Centre for the Performing Arts, a preeminent performing arts facility, including a 460-seat theatre.

In fall 2009, the Leduc Recreation Centre officially opened. The 309,000-square-foot facility includes three NHL-sized arenas, an aquatic centre and a curling rink.

Media[edit]

Leduc is served by a local newspaper, the Leduc Representative (currently branded the Leduc Rep), as well as a regional newspaper, the Leduc-Wetaskiwin Pipestone Flyer.

Leduc's first FM radio station aired in 2013 at 93.1FM. It is known as Leduc's Best Country 93.1FM "The One".

An internet based community radio station, branded "Leduc Radio" since 2008, also serves the city.

Due to its location within the Edmonton region, all major Edmonton media (newspapers, radio and television) also serve Leduc and its surrounding area.

Emergency services[edit]

The City of Leduc has its own fire services and emergency management departments.[38] Led by a fire chief,[39] the Fire Services Department comprises full and part-time members providing fire, ambulance and patient transportation services to the city and portions of Leduc County to the west, south and east.[40]

Policing for Leduc is provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), with additional law enforcement is provided by the city's Enforcement Services Department consisting of peace offices appointed by the Alberta Solicitor General.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-09-17). "Municipal Profile – City of Leduc". Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 3, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Leduc’s population takes 4.9% jump in 2014; now at 28,583". City of Leduc. July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ Striking Oil in Alberta at CBC Digital Archives
  7. ^ "Multiway, Parks and Waterways". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2009-07-09. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Climatic Regions [Köppen]". Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Edmonton International Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English & French). Environment Canada. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100. 
  11. ^ "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39. 
  12. ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140. 
  13. ^ "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215. 
  14. ^ "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567. 
  15. ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102. 
  16. ^ "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836. 
  17. ^ "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141. 
  18. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414. 
  19. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83. 
  20. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53. 
  21. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83. 
  22. ^ "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53. 
  23. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111. 
  24. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43. 
  25. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1–4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2. 
  26. ^ "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1–2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0. 
  27. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3. 
  28. ^ "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. pp. 136–146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5. 
  29. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  30. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  31. ^ "Table 6: Municipalities (census subdivisions) with the highest population growth between 2006 and 2011". Statistics Canada. 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  32. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2013 to January 1, 2014 (Table 1 – Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLSX). Statistics Canada. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  33. ^ a b "2011 Municipal Census". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  34. ^ a b "2006 Community Profiles: Leduc, Alberta (City)". Statistics Canada. 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  35. ^ "About Us". Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  36. ^ "Explore the Region". Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  37. ^ http://www.leduc.ca/Doing_Business.htm
  38. ^ "Departments". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  39. ^ "Upper Management Organizational Chart". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  40. ^ "Fire Services". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  41. ^ "Enforcement Services". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Leduc, Alberta at Wikimedia Commons