Lee Grant

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Lee Grant
Lee Grant Fay 1975.jpg
Grant in Fay, 1975
Born Lyova Haskell Rosenthal
(1926-10-31) October 31, 1926 (age 87)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actress and director
Years active 1949–2007, 2013
Spouse(s) Arnold Manoff (1951-1960; divorced; 2 children)
Joseph Feury (né Fioretti; 1962-present)
Children Dinah Manoff and Tom Manoff

Lee Grant (born October 31, 1926) is an American stage, film and television actress, and film director. She was blacklisted for 12 years from film work beginning in the mid-1950s, but worked in the theatre, and would eventually win the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance as Felicia Karpf in Shampoo (1975).

Early life[edit]

Lee Grant was born Lyova Haskell Rosenthal in New York City in 1926,[1] the daughter of Eastern European Jewish immigrants Witia (née Haskell), an actress and teacher, and Abraham W. Rosenthal, a realtor and educator. The family resided at 706 Riverside Drive in upper Manhattan.[2]

At the age of four, she debuted in a show at the Metropolitan Opera, and when she was eleven she joined the American Ballet.[3]

She attended Art Students League of New York, Juilliard School of Music, The High School of Music & Art, and George Washington High School all in New York City.

Grant graduated high school at the age of fourteen, receiving a scholarship to the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre, and studied under Sanford Meisner. She subsequently enrolled in Actors Studio in New York.[1]

Career[edit]

Grant established herself as a dramatic method actress on and off Broadway, earning praise for her role as a shoplifter in Detective Story, in 1949. She made her film debut two years later in the film version of the same name (Detective Story), receiving her first Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress nomination, and winning the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival.[4] She was a regular on the CBS soap opera, Search For Tomorrow in the early 1950s.

She was called before the House Committee on Un-American Activities to testify against her husband, the playwright Arnold Manoff, father of her two children, but refused to testify. She was blacklisted for twelve years, after which she resumed work in theater and film. Composer Burt Bacharach, who considered Grant "a brilliant actress," notes that "she suffered for her political beliefs for a long time because that was such a terrible period in the history of our country."[5]

Her first major achievement after that period was in the 1960s television series Peyton Place, as Stella Chernak, for which she won an Emmy. In 1968, Grant appeared in an episode of Mission Impossible, portraying the wife of a U.S. diplomat who goes undercover to discredit a rogue diplomat.

Grant in 1961

She received subsequent Academy Award nominations for the dramas, The Landlord (1970) and Voyage of the Damned (1976). Her acting range extended into comedy equally well, notably in the role as an overbearing mother. In Plaza Suite (1971), she played the harassed mother of a bride, alongside Walter Matthau as the father. That film was followed by another comedy role as the mother in Portnoy's Complaint (1972).

She won an Oscar for the comedy Shampoo (1975), for Best Supporting Actress. The film was "Columbia's biggest hit in the studio's 50 year history."[6] Actor Bruce Dern, who played alongside her in The Big Town (1987), recalls working with her, "Lee Grant is a fabulous actress. Anytime she works it's a blessing you have her in your movie."[7]

Grant is the only Hollywood actress of her generation to successfully move into directing.[1] She directed the stage play, The Stronger in 1976, written by August Strindberg. In 1980 she directed her first film, Tell Me a Riddle, a story about an aging Jewish couple. She also directed several documentary films, including Down and Out in America (1986) which won the Academy Award for Documentary Feature. That same year she directed Nobody's Child, a TV movie, starring Marlo Thomas, "in the performance of her career,"[1] about a woman confined to a mental institution for 20 years. For her direction, Grant became the first female director to win the Directors Guild of America Award.[1]

In recent years she directed a series of Intimate Portrait episodes for Lifetime Television, that celebrated a diverse range of accomplished women. Admiring her directing and acting skill, actress Sissy Spacek agreed to act in Hard Promises "only to work with Grant," although she was later replaced as its director.[8]

In 1971, Grant appeared in the Columbo episode "Ransom for a Dead Man"', for which she was nominated for an Emmy as Outstanding Lead Actress - Miniseries or a Movie. Having been nominated for two performances in the same acting category, she received the award for her other Emmy-nominated performance in the television film, The Neon Ceiling.

She had her own sitcom, Fay, which was canceled after only eight episodes. She made a guest appearance on Empty Nest, in which her daughter Dinah Manoff starred. In 1988, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.[9]

In 1992, she played Dora Cohn, the mother of Roy Cohn, in the biographical made for TV film Citizen Cohn, which garnered her yet another Primetime Emmy Award nomination. In 2001, Lee Grant portrayed Louise Bonner in David Lynch's critically acclaimed Mullholland Drive. From 2004-2007, Carlin Glynn, Stephen Lang, and Grant served as co-artistic directors for the Actors Studio.

In 2013, she returned to the stage, after a nearly 30-year-absence, to star in The Gin Game, part of a benefit for improvement programs at Island Music Guild. Grant plays Fonsia Dorsey opposite Frank Buxton as Weller Martin and her daughter Dinah Manoff directs the production.[10]

Filmography[edit]

Actress[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1951 Detective Story Shoplifter Best Actress Award (Cannes Film Festival)
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1953-1954 Search for Tomorrow Rose Peabody
1955 Storm Fear Edna Rogers
1959 Middle of the Night Marilyn
The Blue Angel uncredited
1963 The Balcony Carmen
An Affair of the Skin Katherine McCleod
1964 Pie in the Sky Suzy
The Fugitive Millie Hallop episode-"Taps for a Dead War"
1965 -
1966
Peyton Place Stella Chernak appeared in 71 episodes (8/19/1965–3/28/1966)
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Drama
1967 Divorce American Style Dede Murphy
In the Heat of the Night Mrs. Leslie Colbert Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Valley of the Dolls Miriam
The Big Valley Rosie Williams
1968 Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell Fritzie Braddock
Judd, for the Defense Kay Gould Nominated-Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
1969 The Big Bounce Joanne
Marooned Celia Pruett
1970 The Landlord Joyce Enders Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated- Laurel Award for Best Supporting Performance, Female
There Was a Crooked Man... Mrs. Bullard
1971 Columbo: Ransom for a Dead Man Leslie Williams Nominated - Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
The Neon Ceiling Carrie Miller Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
The Last Generation archive footage
Plaza Suite Norma Hubley
1972 Portnoy's Complaint Sophie Portnoy
1974 The Internecine Project Jean Robertson
1975 Shampoo Felicia Karpf Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Fay (TV series) Fay Stewart Nominated-Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
1976 Voyage of the Damned Lillian Rosen Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1977 Airport '77 Karen Wallace
The Spell Marilyn Matchett
1978 Damien: Omen II Ann Thorn
The Swarm Anne MacGregor
The Mafu Cage Ellen
1979 When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder? Clarisse Ethridge
1980 Little Miss Marker The Judge
1981 Charlie Chan and the Curse of the Dragon Queen Mrs. Lupowitz
1982 Visiting Hours Deborah Ballin
1984 Billions for Boris Sascha Harris
Constance Mrs. Barr
Teachers Dr. Donna Burke
1985 Sanford Meisner: The American Theatre's Best Kept Secret Herself documentary
1987 The Big Town Ferguson Edwards
1991 Defending Your Life Lena Foster
1992 Something to Live for: The Alison Gertz Story Carol Gertz TV film
Earth and the American Dream Narrator documentary
Citizen Cohn Dora Marcus Cohn Nominated-Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie
1996 It's My Party Amalia Stark
The Substance of Fire Cora Cahn
Under Heat Jane
2000 Dr. T & the Women Dr. Harper
The Amati Girls Aunt Spendora
2001 Mulholland Drive Louise Bonner
2005 The Needs of Kim Stanley Herself documentary
Going Shopping Winnie

Director[edit]

Year Production Notes
1975 For the Use of the Hall TV film
1976 The Stronger short subject
1980 Tell Me a Riddle
1981 The Willmar 8 documentary
1984 A Matter of Sex TV film
1985 What Sex Am I? documentary
ABC Afterschool Special Cindy Eller: A Modern Fairy Tale (TV episode)
1986 Nobody's Child TV film - DGA Award
Down and Out in America documentary (also narrator)
1989 Staying Together
No Place Like Home TV film
1994 When Women Kill documentary
Seasons of the Heart TV film
Following Her Heart TV film
Reunion TV film
1997 Say It, Fight It, Cure It TV film
1999 Confronting the Crisis: Childcare in America TV film
2000 American Masters Sidney Poitier: One Bright Light
The Loretta Claiborne Story TV film
2001 The Gun Deadlock TV dilm
2004 Biography Melanie Griffith
2000–2004 Intimate Portrait 43 episodes
2005 ... A Father... A Son... Once Upon a Time in Hollywood TV film

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Unterburger, Amy L. ed. International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers - 3: Actors and Actresses 3rd ed., St. James Press (1997) pp. 498-499
  2. ^ Lee Grant profile at FilmReference.com
  3. ^ Gray, Spalding. Life Interrupted: The Unfinished Monologue, Random House (2005) p. 154
  4. ^ Best Actress Award (Cannes Film Festival)
  5. ^ Bacharach, Burt. Anyone Who Had a Heart: My Life and Music, HarperCollins (2013)
  6. ^ Ford, Elizabeth. The Makeover in Movies: Before and After in Hollywood Films, 1941-2002, McFarland (2004) p. 198
  7. ^ Dern, Bruce. Things I've Said, But Probably Shouldn't Have: An Unrepentant Memoir, Wiley (2007) p. 231
  8. ^ Jarboe, Jan. "Sissy Spacek's Long Walk Home", Texas Monthly, Feb. 1991 p. 126
  9. ^ Women in Film website
  10. ^ Michael C. Moore (August 12, 2013). "Theater: High-powered cast deals this 'Gin Game'". Kitsap A&E. Retrieved 2014. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Estelle Parsons
Vacant (2003-2004)
Artistic Director of the Actors Studio
2004-2007
With: Carlin Glynn
and Stephen Lang

(2004-2006)

Succeeded by
Ellen Burstyn